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Bipartisan Index

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NEW - 2015 Senate Scores
NEW - 2015 House Scores
103rd-113th Congresses: Lifetime Senate Scores
113th Congress: Senate Scores
113th Congress: House Scores
103rd-112th Congresses: Senate Scores
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The Lugar Center and Georgetown University's McCourt School of Public Policy have produced a non-partisan ranking of how often each Member of Congress works across party lines.

Read about the Bipartisan Index in the Roll Call op-ed "Reviving the Lost Art of Bipartisanship" and The Hill op-eds "Real conservatives and real progressives can get things done" and "Bipartisanship in Congress: Some progress, still a long way to go" by former Senator Richard Lugar and Georgetown University's McCourt School of Public Policy Dean Edward Montgomery.

Senator Lugar's Introduction to the Bipartisan Index

The Bipartisan Index is intended to fill a hole in the information available to the public about the performance of Members of Congress. There are innumerable studies, rankings, and indexes that grade members according to a partisan, parochial, or special-interest standard.

We sought to develop an objective measure of how well members of opposite parties work with one another using bill sponsorship and co-sponsorship data.  We gravitated toward bill sponsorships and co-sponsorships for two reasons.  First, they allowed us to construct a highly objective measure of partisan and bipartisan behavior.  Second, sponsorship and co-sponsorship behavior is especially revealing of partisan tendencies.  Members’ voting decisions are often contextual and can be influenced by parliamentary circumstances. Sponsorships and co-sponsorships, in contrast, exist as very carefully considered declarations of where a legislator stands on an issue.

The Bipartisan Index measures the frequency with which a Member co-sponsors a bill introduced by the opposite party and the frequency with which a Member’s own bills attract co-sponsors from the opposite party.

It is essential to understand that one cannot get a clear and fair picture simply by tallying up bipartisan sponsorships and co-sponsorships in a single Congress.  The main problem is that behavior related to sponsoring and co-sponsoring bills differs greatly depending on whether a member is in the majority or minority.  To overcome this problem and give our index greater historical value, we constructed a 20-year baseline of data to which majority and minority members could be compared.  One also must make decisions about how to compare members who co-sponsor a lot of bills with those who co-sponsor only a few; whether and how to give credit for an increasing number of bipartisan co-sponsors on a bill; whether to include commemorative legislation and resolutions; and how to handle members who introduce a very small number of bills or none at all.  We tested solutions to each of these questions and others before settling on what we believe is an effective formula for measuring bipartisanship.

I would emphasize that we do not believe that it is wrong for members to have partisan bills in their portfolio of co-sponsorships.  Every member of Congress has such bills.  Nor do we believe that all bipartisan bills are wisely written and considered.  However, a consistently low score on this index will be a very strong indication that a legislator is viewing his or her duties through a partisan lens. Conversely, a consistently high score is a strong indication that a legislator is prioritizing problem solving and open to working with the other party when possible.

What we are measuring in this Index is not so much the quality of legislation but rather the efforts of legislators to broaden the appeal of their sponsored legislation, to entertain a wider range of ideas, and to prioritize governance over posturing.

With this in mind, we regard any score above zero as a good score.  We designate Members who score above zero as “Bipartisan Legislators” because they are above average compared to the 20-year baseline scores for their respective group.  But we also offer special commendation to those members who score in the very top ranks.  For the 113th Congress, the top two Senate scores belong to Susan Collins of Maine and Joe Manchin of West Virginia. In the House, the two top scores were achieved by Christopher Gibson and Peter King, both of New York.

If a member is disappointed in his or her score, there is a straightforward way to improve it in future congresses:  Put more effort into recruiting bipartisan co-sponsors for your bills and consider co-sponsoring bills introduced by the opposite party.  We hope members will do that and we regard the Bipartisan Index as a way of providing encouragement.

Our focus with the Bipartisan Index is not just on individual members.  We also are looking at how Congress as a whole is performing. We hear often from commentators who claim that we are experiencing an extraordinarily partisan era.  Regrettably, our analysis bears this out to a large extent.  You can see by the charts that the last three Congresses have yielded very low scores on the Bipartisan Index.  The 112th and 113th Congresses had the two lowest scores among the eleven Congresses that we have analyzed so far.

What this means is that at the beginning of the legislative process, when effective governance would argue for broadening a new bill’s appeal, too often the opposite is happening.  Bills are being written not to maximize their chances of passage, but to serve as legislative talking points.  Taking a position is not the same thing as governing.  For Congress to be successful, the parties must work together at the beginning of the legislative process.

The Founders of our Republic were realists who understood the power of factionalism, parochialism, and personal ambition.  They understood that good intentions would not always prevail.  Accordingly, they designed a system to check abuse and prevent power from accumulating in a few hands.  But they knew that the efficient operation of such a Republic would require a great deal of cooperation.  They knew that it would require most elected officials to have a dedication to governance, and they trusted that leaders would arise in every era to make their vision work.

In this spirit, we encourage members of Congress to more frequently open themselves to the possibility that colleagues from the opposite party may have good ideas that are deserving of consideration.

NEW - 2015 Senate Scores

                   

The Lugar Center - McCourt School Bipartisan Index

Senate Scores

114th Congress First Session (2015)

                         
                         
Senator (by score)   Senator (alphabetical)
# Name State Party Score   # Name State Party Score
1 Collins Susan ME R 2.27114   47 Alexander Lamar TN R -0.17613
2 Donnelly Joe IN D 1.83206   11 Ayotte Kelly NH R 0.78900
3 Kirk Mark IL R 1.49994   80 Baldwin Tammy WI D -0.87054
4 Manchin Joe WV D 1.24699   66 Barrasso John WY R -0.64640
5 Grassley Chuck IA R 1.21807   23 Bennet Michael CO D 0.38591
6 Portman Rob OH R 1.10254   82 Blumenthal Richard CT D -0.92150
7 Blunt Roy MO R 0.92726   7 Blunt Roy MO R 0.92726
8 Moran Jerry KS R 0.90693   61 Booker Cory NJ D -0.52868
9 Heller Dean NV R 0.89984   25 Boozman John AR R 0.30580
10 Coons Chris DE D 0.87911   96 Boxer Barbara CA D -1.38343
11 Ayotte Kelly NH R 0.78900   74 Brown Sherrod OH D -0.75974
12 Wicker Roger MS R 0.74979   29 Burr Richard NC R 0.23059
13 Graham Lindsey SC R 0.72487   41 Cantwell Maria WA D -0.08598
14 Capito Shelley WV R 0.71897   14 Capito Shelley WV R 0.71897
15 Warner Mark VA D 0.69749   32 Cardin Ben MD D 0.17540
16 Toomey Pat PA R 0.69237   22 Carper Tom DE D 0.39953
17 Hoeven John ND R 0.67384   43 Casey Bob PA D -0.11249
18 Corker Bob TN R 0.63726   68 Cassidy Bill LA R -0.65204
19 Heitkamp Heidi ND D 0.59594   75 Coats Dan IN R -0.81543
20 Klobuchar Amy MN D 0.48111   40 Cochran Thad MS R -0.05974
21 McCaskill Claire MO D 0.46508   1 Collins Susan ME R 2.27114
22 Carper Tom DE D 0.39953   10 Coons Chris DE D 0.87911
23 Bennet Michael CO D 0.38591   18 Corker Bob TN R 0.63726
24 Peters Gary MI D 0.33644   57 Cornyn John TX R -0.41139
25 Boozman John AR R 0.30580   88 Cotton Tom AR R -1.13847
26 Tester Jon MT D 0.30387   45 Crapo Mike ID R -0.13692
27 Gardner Cory CO R 0.25083   97 Cruz Ted TX R -1.40999
28 Rubio Marco FL R 0.24861   55 Daines Steve MT R -0.40341
29 Burr Richard NC R 0.23059   2 Donnelly Joe IN D 1.83206
30 King Angus ME D 0.22004   92 Durbin Dick IL D -1.29778
31 Nelson Bill FL D 0.17624   34 Enzi Mike WY R 0.14226
32 Cardin Ben MD D 0.17540   38 Ernst Joni IA R 0.03688
33 Sessions Jeff AL R 0.16831   62 Feinstein Dianne CA D -0.53303
34 Enzi Mike WY R 0.14226   72 Fischer Deb NE R -0.74208
35 Murkowski Lisa AK R 0.12918   48 Flake Jeff AZ R -0.18002
36 Isakson Johnny GA R 0.11754   76 Franken Al MN D -0.82968
37 Tillis Thom NC R 0.08615   27 Gardner Cory CO R 0.25083
38 Ernst Joni IA R 0.03688   67 Gillibrand Kirsten NY D -0.64651
39 Shaheen Jeanne NH D -0.00243   13 Graham Lindsey SC R 0.72487
40 Cochran Thad MS R -0.05974   5 Grassley Chuck IA R 1.21807
41 Cantwell Maria WA D -0.08598   58 Hatch Orrin UT R -0.41531
42 Thune John SD R -0.09615   73 Heinrich Martin NM D -0.74907
43 Casey Bob PA D -0.11249   19 Heitkamp Heidi ND D 0.59594
44 Sullivan Dan AK R -0.12527   9 Heller Dean NV R 0.89984
45 Crapo Mike ID R -0.13692   87 Hirono Mazie HI D -1.03404
46 Kaine Tim VA D -0.15601   17 Hoeven John ND R 0.67384
47 Alexander Lamar TN R -0.17613   65 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.60721
48 Flake Jeff AZ R -0.18002   36 Isakson Johnny GA R 0.11754
49 Stabenow Debbie MI D -0.22108   52 Johnson Ron WI R -0.28570
50 Roberts Pat KS R -0.26357   46 Kaine Tim VA D -0.15601
51 Paul Rand KY R -0.26934   30 King Angus ME D 0.22004
52 Johnson Ron WI R -0.28570   3 Kirk Mark IL R 1.49994
53 Leahy Patrick VT D -0.32387   20 Klobuchar Amy MN D 0.48111
54 Scott Tim SC R -0.34351   69 Lankford James OK R -0.65338
55 Daines Steve MT R -0.40341   53 Leahy Patrick VT D -0.32387
56 Udall Tom NM D -0.40414   71 Lee Mike UT R -0.73718
57 Cornyn John TX R -0.41139   4 Manchin Joe WV D 1.24699
58 Hatch Orrin UT R -0.41531   91 Markey Ed MA D -1.27685
59 McCain John AZ R -0.51318   59 McCain John AZ R -0.51318
60 Risch Jim ID R -0.52800   21 McCaskill Claire MO D 0.46508
61 Booker Cory NJ D -0.52868   84 Menéndez Bob NJ D -0.93944
62 Feinstein Dianne CA D -0.53303   95 Merkley Jeff OR D -1.33805
63 Wyden Ron OR D -0.53909   81 Mikulski Barbara MD D -0.87178
64 Vitter David LA R -0.55020   8 Moran Jerry KS R 0.90693
65 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.60721   35 Murkowski Lisa AK R 0.12918
66 Barrasso John WY R -0.64640   83 Murphy Chris CT D -0.93717
67 Gillibrand Kirsten NY D -0.64651   86 Murray Patty WA D -0.99833
68 Cassidy Bill LA R -0.65204   31 Nelson Bill FL D 0.17624
69 Lankford James OK R -0.65338   51 Paul Rand KY R -0.26934
70 Schumer Chuck NY D -0.72719   90 Perdue David GA R -1.18492
71 Lee Mike UT R -0.73718   24 Peters Gary MI D 0.33644
72 Fischer Deb NE R -0.74208   6 Portman Rob OH R 1.10254
73 Heinrich Martin NM D -0.74907   78 Reed Jack RI D -0.84384
74 Brown Sherrod OH D -0.75974   60 Risch Jim ID R -0.52800
75 Coats Dan IN R -0.81543   50 Roberts Pat KS R -0.26357
76 Franken Al MN D -0.82968   77 Rounds Mike SD R -0.82972
77 Rounds Mike SD R -0.82972   28 Rubio Marco FL R 0.24861
78 Reed Jack RI D -0.84384   98 Sanders Bernie VT D -1.95559
79 Schatz Brian HI D -0.84394   89 Sasse Ben NE R -1.15644
80 Baldwin Tammy WI D -0.87054   79 Schatz Brian HI D -0.84394
81 Mikulski Barbara MD D -0.87178   70 Schumer Chuck NY D -0.72719
82 Blumenthal Richard CT D -0.92150   54 Scott Tim SC R -0.34351
83 Murphy Chris CT D -0.93717   33 Sessions Jeff AL R 0.16831
84 Menéndez Bob NJ D -0.93944   39 Shaheen Jeanne NH D -0.00243
85 Warren Elizabeth MA D -0.94121   94 Shelby Richard AL R -1.31178
86 Murray Patty WA D -0.99833   49 Stabenow Debbie MI D -0.22108
87 Hirono Mazie HI D -1.03404   44 Sullivan Dan AK R -0.12527
88 Cotton Tom AR R -1.13847   26 Tester Jon MT D 0.30387
89 Sasse Ben NE R -1.15644   42 Thune John SD R -0.09615
90 Perdue David GA R -1.18492   37 Tillis Thom NC R 0.08615
91 Markey Ed MA D -1.27685   16 Toomey Pat PA R 0.69237
92 Durbin Dick IL D -1.29778   56 Udall Tom NM D -0.40414
93 Whitehouse Sheldon RI D -1.29820   64 Vitter David LA R -0.55020
94 Shelby Richard AL R -1.31178   15 Warner Mark VA D 0.69749
95 Merkley Jeff OR D -1.33805   85 Warren Elizabeth MA D -0.94121
96 Boxer Barbara CA D -1.38343   93 Whitehouse Sheldon RI D -1.29820
97 Cruz Ted TX R -1.40999   12 Wicker Roger MS R 0.74979
98 Sanders Bernie VT D -1.95559   63 Wyden Ron OR D -0.53909
GovTrack data was used in the production of these scores
                         
Notes:
                         
Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) and Minority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) are excluded.
                         
Senators who are independent but caucus with a party for purposes of determining which party is in the majority are counted as a member of that party.

NEW - 2015 House Scores

                   

The Lugar Center - McCourt School Bipartisan Index

House Scores

114th Congress First Session (2015)

                         
                         
Representative (by score)   Representative (alphabetical)
# Name State Party Score   # Name State Party Score
1 King Pete NY R 1.87956   242 Abraham Ralph LA R -0.45833
2 Gibson Chris NY R 1.87846   293 Adams Alma NC D -0.69295
3 Sinema Kyrsten AZ D 1.75522   371 Aderholt Robert AL R -1.07655
4 Walz Tim MN D 1.60394   234 Aguilar Pete CA D -0.42848
5 Dold Bob IL R 1.46832   424 Allen Rick GA R -1.64037
6 Donovan Daniel NY R 1.46792   353 Amash Justin MI R -0.97798
7 Graham Gwen FL D 1.44292   301 Amodei Mark NV R -0.73159
8 Hanna Richard NY R 1.36809   34 Ashford Brad NE D 0.77969
9 Radewagen Amata AS R 1.26030   414 Babin Brian TX R -1.47697
10 Fitzpatrick Mike PA R 1.25124   171 Barletta Lou PA R -0.18497
11 Kind Ron WI D 1.24899   244 Barr Andy KY R -0.45982
12 Scott David GA D 1.20728   125 Barton Joe TX R 0.08210
13 Bishop Sanford GA D 1.16687   265 Bass Karen CA D -0.56973
14 LoBiondo Frank NJ R 1.16448   132 Beatty Joyce OH D 0.03126
15 Davis Rodney IL R 1.09200   434 Becerra Xavier CA D -1.79273
16 Ros-Lehtinen Ileana FL R 1.07937   172 Benishek Dan MI R -0.18805
17 Smith Chris NJ R 1.07144   85 Bera Ami CA D 0.26287
18 Cooper Jim TN D 1.04445   204 Beyer Don VA D -0.33814
19 Royce Ed CA R 1.01061   97 Bilirakis Gus FL R 0.18305
20 Costa Jim CA D 1.00947   77 Bishop Mike MI R 0.30845
21 Joyce Dave OH R 0.99662   160 Bishop Rob UT R -0.08919
22 McKinley David WV R 0.96763   13 Bishop Sanford GA D 1.16687
23 Doyle Mike PA D 0.93174   263 Black Diane TN R -0.56589
24 McSally Martha AZ R 0.92168   358 Blackburn Marsha TN R -1.01711
25 Coffman Mike CO R 0.91454   357 Blum Rod IA R -1.01065
26 Curbelo Carlos FL R 0.88450   215 Blumenauer Earl OR D -0.36369
27 Cuellar Henry TX D 0.87174   198 Bonamici Suzanne OR D -0.32282
28 Reichert Dave WA R 0.86818   122 Bordallo Madeleine GU D 0.08478
29 Heck Denny WA D 0.86652   115 Bost Mike IL R 0.11183
30 Katko John NY R 0.85136   194 Boustany Charles LA R -0.31413
31 Herrera Beutler Jaime WA R 0.84264   266 Boyle Brendan PA D -0.57669
32 Whitfield Ed KY R 0.80139   232 Brady Kevin TX R -0.42435
33 Rice Kathleen NY D 0.78458   337 Brady Robert PA D -0.92375
34 Ashford Brad NE D 0.77969   380 Brat David VA R -1.12212
35 Brooks Susan IN R 0.75427   334 Bridenstine Jim OK R -0.90794
36 Sensenbrenner Jim WI R 0.73681   418 Brooks Mo AL R -1.53927
37 Kilmer Derek WA D 0.69944   35 Brooks Susan IN R 0.75427
38 Renacci Jim OH R 0.66449   313 Brown Corrine FL D -0.78928
39 Butterfield G.K. NC D 0.64939   149 Brownley Julia CA D -0.04648
40 Stivers Steve OH R 0.63400   63 Buchanan Vern FL R 0.45373
41 Reed Tom NY R 0.62705   397 Buck Ken CO R -1.24745
42 Valadao David CA R 0.62018   288 Bucshon Larry IN R -0.66586
43 Moulton Seth MA D 0.60914   98 Burgess Michael TX R 0.18241
44 Murphy Patrick FL D 0.60158   114 Bustos Cheri IL D 0.11445
45 Kinzinger Adam IL R 0.57618   39 Butterfield G.K. NC D 0.64939
46 Lance Leonard NJ R 0.57120   386 Byrne Bradley AL R -1.15944
47 Walden Greg OR R 0.55529   339 Calvert Ken CA R -0.93652
48 Jones Walter NC R 0.55263   282 Capps Lois CA D -0.62879
49 Denham Jeff CA R 0.55035   260 Capuano Michael MA D -0.53841
50 Wasserman Schultz Debbie FL D 0.52358   276 Cárdenas Tony CA D -0.60632
51 Cleaver Emanuel MO D 0.52343   136 Carney John DE D 0.00645
52 Meehan Pat PA R 0.49731   351 Carson André IN D -0.97236
53 Rooney Tom FL R 0.49575   325 Carter Buddy GA R -0.85087
54 Paulsen Erik MN R 0.49026   427 Carter John TX R -1.64624
55 Cook Paul CA R 0.48894   80 Cartwright Matt PA D 0.29105
56 Peterson Collin MN D 0.48687   184 Castor Kathy FL D -0.26246
57 Gabbard Tulsi HI D 0.48502   345 Castro Joaquin TX D -0.94648
58 Lipinski Dan IL D 0.48394   163 Chabot Steve OH R -0.10924
59 Thompson Glenn PA R 0.48273   186 Chaffetz Jason UT R -0.27269
60 Dent Charlie PA R 0.46961   391 Chu Judy CA D -1.20455
61 MacArthur Tom NJ R 0.46450   369 Cicilline David RI D -1.06530
62 Perlmutter Ed CO D 0.45912   154 Clark Katherine MA D -0.06771
63 Buchanan Vern FL R 0.45373   347 Clarke Yvette NY D -0.95227
64 Zeldin Lee NY R 0.43948   221 Clawson Curt FL R -0.37137
65 Esty Elizabeth CT D 0.42601   197 Clay William MO D -0.32275
66 Schrader Kurt OR D 0.40517   51 Cleaver Emanuel MO D 0.52343
67 Vela Filemon TX D 0.37039   374 Clyburn James SC D -1.10747
68 Stefanik Elise NY R 0.36947   25 Coffman Mike CO R 0.91454
69 Frelinghuysen Rodney NJ R 0.36595   258 Cohen Steve TN D -0.53280
70 Frankel Lois FL D 0.35883   116 Cole Tom OK R 0.10697
71 Heck Joe NV R 0.34730   249 Collins Chris NY R -0.48296
72 Crenshaw Ander FL R 0.34275   207 Collins Doug GA R -0.34395
73 Sherman Brad CA D 0.34236   110 Comstock Barbara VA R 0.13414
74 Delaney John MD D 0.33464   206 Conaway Mike TX R -0.34185
75 Ribble Reid WI R 0.33228   109 Connolly Gerry VA D 0.13509
76 Jenkins Lynn KS R 0.32448   385 Conyers John MI D -1.15519
77 Bishop Mike MI R 0.30845   55 Cook Paul CA R 0.48894
78 Tiberi Pat OH R 0.30752   18 Cooper Jim TN D 1.04445
79 Young Don AK R 0.29171   20 Costa Jim CA D 1.00947
80 Cartwright Matt PA D 0.29105   158 Costello Ryan PA R -0.08638
81 Wittman Robert VA R 0.28185   83 Courtney Joe CT D 0.27912
82 LaMalfa Doug CA R 0.28019   256 Cramer Kevin ND R -0.52785
83 Courtney Joe CT D 0.27912   342 Crawford Rick AR R -0.93995
84 Marino Tom PA R 0.27709   72 Crenshaw Ander FL R 0.34275
85 Bera Ami CA D 0.26287   255 Crowley Joseph NY D -0.52581
86 O'Rourke Beto TX D 0.25729   27 Cuellar Henry TX D 0.87174
87 Ruiz Raul CA D 0.24734   392 Culberson John TX R -1.20505
88 Duckworth Tammy IL D 0.24096   399 Cummings Elijah MD D -1.25587
89 Miller Candice MI R 0.22742   26 Curbelo Carlos FL R 0.88450
90 Pascrell Bill NJ D 0.22486   367 Davis Danny IL D -1.05912
91 McCaul Michael TX R 0.21920   15 Davis Rodney IL R 1.09200
92 Israel Steve NY D 0.21879   346 Davis Susan CA D -0.94902
93 Ryan Tim OH D 0.20754   147 DeFazio Peter OR D -0.03574
94 Murphy Tim PA R 0.19739   108 DeGette Diana CO D 0.14402
95 Ellmers Renee NC R 0.19224   74 Delaney John MD D 0.33464
96 Massie Thomas KY R 0.18744   315 DeLauro Rosa CT D -0.79430
97 Bilirakis Gus FL R 0.18305   192 DelBene Suzan WA D -0.30608
98 Burgess Michael TX R 0.18241   49 Denham Jeff CA R 0.55035
99 Pingree Chellie ME D 0.17876   60 Dent Charlie PA R 0.46961
100 Jolly David FL R 0.17376   335 DeSantis Ron FL R -0.91199
101 Welch Peter VT D 0.17176   271 DeSaulnier Mark CA D -0.58943
102 Pierluisi Pedro PR D 0.17020   373 DesJarlais Scott TN R -1.09772
103 Luetkemeyer Blaine MO R 0.16842   292 Deutch Ted FL D -0.68640
104 Sires Albio NJ D 0.15887   141 Diaz-Balart Mario FL R -0.00959
105 Jenkins Evan WV R 0.14670   349 Dingell Debbie MI D -0.96247
106 Kuster Ann NH D 0.14531   330 Doggett Lloyd TX D -0.85967
107 Yoho Ted FL R 0.14498   5 Dold Bob IL R 1.46832
108 DeGette Diana CO D 0.14402   6 Donovan Daniel NY R 1.46792
109 Connolly Gerry VA D 0.13509   23 Doyle Mike PA D 0.93174
110 Comstock Barbara VA R 0.13414   88 Duckworth Tammy IL D 0.24096
111 Smith Lamar TX R 0.13167   291 Duffy Sean WI R -0.68538
112 Maloney Sean NY D 0.11907   430 Duncan Jeff SC R -1.71289
113 Richmond Cedric LA D 0.11526   259 Duncan John TN R -0.53632
114 Bustos Cheri IL D 0.11445   413 Edwards Donna MD D -1.44874
115 Bost Mike IL R 0.11183   403 Ellison Keith MN D -1.29400
116 Cole Tom OK R 0.10697   95 Ellmers Renee NC R 0.19224
117 Harper Gregg MS R 0.10594   230 Emmer Tom MN R -0.40948
118 Rohrabacher Dana CA R 0.10376   168 Engel Eliot NY D -0.14316
119 Larson John CT D 0.08900   151 Eshoo Anna CA D -0.06055
120 Farr Sam CA D 0.08771   65 Esty Elizabeth CT D 0.42601
121 Sánchez Linda CA D 0.08586   252 Farenthold Blake TX R -0.51175
122 Bordallo Madeleine GU D 0.08478   120 Farr Sam CA D 0.08771
123 Turner Mike OH R 0.08353   384 Fattah Chaka PA D -1.15342
124 Trott Dave MI R 0.08224   251 Fincher Stephen TN R -0.50819
125 Barton Joe TX R 0.08210   10 Fitzpatrick Mike PA R 1.25124
126 Hunter Duncan CA R 0.07476   390 Fleischmann Chuck TN R -1.19181
127 Guinta Frank NH R 0.06946   401 Fleming John LA R -1.29212
128 Poe Ted TX R 0.05767   368 Flores Bill TX R -1.06277
129 Issa Darrell CA R 0.04653   218 Forbes J. Randy VA R -0.36683
130 Tonko Paul NY D 0.04370   166 Fortenberry Jeff NE R -0.13123
131 Guthrie Brett KY R 0.04362   220 Foster Bill IL D -0.37072
132 Beatty Joyce OH D 0.03126   157 Foxx Virginia NC R -0.08331
133 Sewell Terri AL D 0.02037   70 Frankel Lois FL D 0.35883
134 Neal Richard MA D 0.02024   148 Franks Trent AZ R -0.03946
135 Shuster Bill PA R 0.00887   69 Frelinghuysen Rodney NJ R 0.36595
136 Carney John DE D 0.00645   281 Fudge Marcia OH D -0.62245
137 Keating Bill MA D 0.00564   57 Gabbard Tulsi HI D 0.48502
138 Young Todd IN R -0.00426   224 Gallego Ruben AZ D -0.38374
139 Kelly Mike PA R -0.00439   300 Garamendi John CA D -0.71919
140 Tipton Scott CO R -0.00493   298 Garrett Scott NJ R -0.71229
141 Diaz-Balart Mario FL R -0.00959   422 Gibbs Bob OH R -1.62654
142 Polis Jared CO D -0.01040   2 Gibson Chris NY R 1.87846
143 Norcross Donald NJ D -0.01542   395 Gohmert Louie TX R -1.23568
144 Green Gene TX D -0.02623   239 Goodlatte Bob VA R -0.44944
145 Nugent Richard FL R -0.02650   179 Gosar Paul AZ R -0.23282
146 Nolan Rick MN D -0.03319   375 Gowdy Trey SC R -1.10898
147 DeFazio Peter OR D -0.03574   7 Graham Gwen FL D 1.44292
148 Franks Trent AZ R -0.03946   229 Granger Kay TX R -0.40818
149 Brownley Julia CA D -0.04648   203 Graves Garret LA R -0.33761
150 Upton Fred MI R -0.05281   190 Graves Sam MO R -0.30141
151 Eshoo Anna CA D -0.06055   423 Graves Tom GA R -1.63146
152 Ruppersberger Dutch MD D -0.06240   366 Grayson Alan FL D -1.05444
153 Hultgren Randy IL R -0.06462   402 Green Al TX D -1.29215
154 Clark Katherine MA D -0.06771   144 Green Gene TX D -0.02623
155 Luján Ben NM D -0.06905   269 Griffith Morgan VA R -0.58338
156 Kennedy Joe MA D -0.07210   355 Grijalva Raúl AZ D -0.99574
157 Foxx Virginia NC R -0.08331   428 Grothman Glenn WI R -1.68318
158 Costello Ryan PA R -0.08638   127 Guinta Frank NH R 0.06946
159 Ross Dennis FL R -0.08791   131 Guthrie Brett KY R 0.04362
160 Bishop Rob UT R -0.08919   417 Gutiérrez Luis IL D -1.52219
161 Hurd Will TX R -0.09551   329 Hahn Janice CA D -0.85706
162 Sanchez Loretta CA D -0.10893   8 Hanna Richard NY R 1.36809
163 Chabot Steve OH R -0.10924   376 Hardy Cresent NV R -1.11091
164 Thompson Mike CA D -0.11363   117 Harper Gregg MS R 0.10594
165 Lofgren Zoe CA D -0.12115   363 Harris Andy MD R -1.04304
166 Fortenberry Jeff NE R -0.13123   394 Hartzler Vicky MO R -1.21699
167 Sarbanes John MD D -0.13229   283 Hastings Alcee FL D -0.63427
168 Engel Eliot NY D -0.14316   29 Heck Denny WA D 0.86652
169 McMorris Rodgers Cathy WA R -0.15173   71 Heck Joe NV R 0.34730
170 Kirkpatrick Ann AZ D -0.16954   431 Hensarling Jeb TX R -1.73248
171 Barletta Lou PA R -0.18497   31 Herrera Beutler Jaime WA R 0.84264
172 Benishek Dan MI R -0.18805   406 Hice Jody GA R -1.34416
173 Napolitano Grace CA D -0.19645   284 Higgins Brian NY D -0.63435
174 Nunes Devin CA R -0.19866   247 Hill French AR R -0.47854
175 Johnson Eddie TX D -0.21730   235 Himes Jim CT D -0.43294
176 Wagner Ann MO R -0.21934   290 Hinojosa Rubén TX D -0.68273
177 Wilson Joe SC R -0.22319   340 Holding George NC R -0.93767
178 Hurt Robert VA R -0.23016   400 Honda Mike CA D -1.28049
179 Gosar Paul AZ R -0.23282   438 Hoyer Steny MD D -2.06987
180 Rothfus Keith PA R -0.24410   275 Hudson Richard NC R -0.60547
181 Meadows Mark NC R -0.24483   433 Huelskamp Tim KS R -1.76827
182 Posey Bill FL R -0.24875   311 Huffman Jared CA D -0.76616
183 Knight Steve CA R -0.25801   287 Huizenga Bill MI R -0.65590
184 Castor Kathy FL D -0.26246   153 Hultgren Randy IL R -0.06462
185 Schiff Adam CA D -0.26398   126 Hunter Duncan CA R 0.07476
186 Chaffetz Jason UT R -0.27269   161 Hurd Will TX R -0.09551
187 Larsen Rick WA D -0.28259   178 Hurt Robert VA R -0.23016
188 Johnson Hank GA D -0.28986   92 Israel Steve NY D 0.21879
189 Walters Mimi CA R -0.29519   129 Issa Darrell CA R 0.04653
190 Graves Sam MO R -0.30141   381 Jackson Lee Sheila TX D -1.13062
191 Poliquin Bruce ME R -0.30566   321 Jeffries Hakeem NY D -0.80590
192 DelBene Suzan WA D -0.30608   105 Jenkins Evan WV R 0.14670
193 Love Mia UT R -0.31128   76 Jenkins Lynn KS R 0.32448
194 Boustany Charles LA R -0.31413   219 Johnson Bill OH R -0.36829
195 Newhouse Dan WA R -0.31702   175 Johnson Eddie TX D -0.21730
196 Mullin Markwayne OK R -0.32059   188 Johnson Hank GA D -0.28986
197 Clay William MO D -0.32275   341 Johnson Sam TX R -0.93885
198 Bonamici Suzanne OR D -0.32282   100 Jolly David FL R 0.17376
199 Maloney Carolyn NY D -0.32710   48 Jones Walter NC R 0.55263
200 Olson Pete TX R -0.33375   419 Jordan Jim OH R -1.60050
201 Simpson Mike ID R -0.33397   21 Joyce Dave OH R 0.99662
202 Meeks Gregory NY D -0.33553   209 Kaptur Marcy OH D -0.35035
203 Graves Garret LA R -0.33761   30 Katko John NY R 0.85136
204 Beyer Don VA D -0.33814   137 Keating Bill MA D 0.00564
205 Lieu Ted CA D -0.33981   139 Kelly Mike PA R -0.00439
206 Conaway Mike TX R -0.34185   379 Kelly Robin IL D -1.12195
207 Collins Doug GA R -0.34395   435 Kelly Trent MS R -1.81375
208 Slaughter Louise NY D -0.34522   156 Kennedy Joe MA D -0.07210
209 Kaptur Marcy OH D -0.35035   326 Kildee Dan MI D -0.85295
210 Walorski Jackie IN R -0.35142   37 Kilmer Derek WA D 0.69944
211 Mulvaney Mick SC R -0.35211   11 Kind Ron WI D 1.24899
212 Noem Kristi SD R -0.35464   1 King Pete NY R 1.87956
213 Titus Dina NV D -0.35491   416 King Steve IA R -1.50870
214 Rigell Scott VA R -0.35994   45 Kinzinger Adam IL R 0.57618
215 Blumenauer Earl OR D -0.36369   170 Kirkpatrick Ann AZ D -0.16954
216 Peters Scott CA D -0.36375   227 Kline John MN R -0.39279
217 Lucas Frank OK R -0.36656   183 Knight Steve CA R -0.25801
218 Forbes J. Randy VA R -0.36683   106 Kuster Ann NH D 0.14531
219 Johnson Bill OH R -0.36829   273 Labrador Raúl ID R -0.59756
220 Foster Bill IL D -0.37072   82 LaMalfa Doug CA R 0.28019
221 Clawson Curt FL R -0.37137   348 Lamborn Doug CO R -0.95443
222 Payne Donald NJ D -0.37273   46 Lance Leonard NJ R 0.57120
223 Speier Jackie CA D -0.37994   236 Langevin Jim RI D -0.44066
224 Gallego Ruben AZ D -0.38374   187 Larsen Rick WA D -0.28259
225 Quigley Mike IL D -0.38735   119 Larson John CT D 0.08900
226 Takai Mark HI D -0.38915   274 Latta Bob OH R -0.60354
227 Kline John MN R -0.39279   408 Lawrence Brenda MI D -1.35546
228 Loebsack Dave IA D -0.39689   407 Lee Barbara CA D -1.35537
229 Granger Kay TX R -0.40818   361 Levin Sandy MI D -1.02780
230 Emmer Tom MN R -0.40948   272 Lewis John GA D -0.59461
231 Pitts Joe PA R -0.41733   205 Lieu Ted CA D -0.33981
232 Brady Kevin TX R -0.42435   58 Lipinski Dan IL D 0.48394
233 Price David NC D -0.42801   14 LoBiondo Frank NJ R 1.16448
234 Aguilar Pete CA D -0.42848   228 Loebsack Dave IA D -0.39689
235 Himes Jim CT D -0.43294   165 Lofgren Zoe CA D -0.12115
236 Langevin Jim RI D -0.44066   314 Long Billy MO R -0.79157
237 Sanford Mark SC R -0.44343   429 Loudermilk Barry GA R -1.68874
238 Pearce Steve NM R -0.44499   193 Love Mia UT R -0.31128
239 Goodlatte Bob VA R -0.44944   320 Lowenthal Alan CA D -0.80200
240 Swalwell Eric CA D -0.45023   382 Lowey Nita NY D -1.13185
241 Pittenger Robert NC R -0.45331   217 Lucas Frank OK R -0.36656
242 Abraham Ralph LA R -0.45833   103 Luetkemeyer Blaine MO R 0.16842
243 Roskam Peter IL R -0.45915   155 Luján Ben NM D -0.06905
244 Barr Andy KY R -0.45982   248 Lujan Grisham Michelle NM D -0.47963
245 Smith Adam WA D -0.46352   268 Lummis Cynthia WY R -0.58331
246 Rokita Todd IN R -0.47330   277 Lynch Stephen MA D -0.60919
247 Hill French AR R -0.47854   61 MacArthur Tom NJ R 0.46450
248 Lujan Grisham Michelle NM D -0.47963   199 Maloney Carolyn NY D -0.32710
249 Collins Chris NY R -0.48296   112 Maloney Sean NY D 0.11907
250 McCollum Betty MN D -0.50160   372 Marchant Kenny TX R -1.09482
251 Fincher Stephen TN R -0.50819   84 Marino Tom PA R 0.27709
252 Farenthold Blake TX R -0.51175   96 Massie Thomas KY R 0.18744
253 Young David IA R -0.51729   289 Matsui Doris CA D -0.67243
254 Neugebauer Randy TX R -0.52442   435 McCarthy Kevin CA R -1.81375
255 Crowley Joseph NY D -0.52581   91 McCaul Michael TX R 0.21920
256 Cramer Kevin ND R -0.52785   318 McClintock Tom CA R -0.79885
257 Thompson Bennie MS D -0.52812   250 McCollum Betty MN D -0.50160
258 Cohen Steve TN D -0.53280   409 McDermott Jim WA D -1.36015
259 Duncan John TN R -0.53632   286 McGovern Jim MA D -0.64497
260 Capuano Michael MA D -0.53841   306 McHenry Patrick NC R -0.74060
261 Smith Adrian NE R -0.54616   22 McKinley David WV R 0.96763
262 Vargas Juan CA D -0.55387   169 McMorris Rodgers Cathy WA R -0.15173
263 Black Diane TN R -0.56589   324 McNerney Jerry CA D -0.83538
264 Yoder Kevin KS R -0.56706   24 McSally Martha AZ R 0.92168
265 Bass Karen CA D -0.56973   181 Meadows Mark NC R -0.24483
266 Boyle Brendan PA D -0.57669   52 Meehan Pat PA R 0.49731
267 Visclosky Pete IN D -0.58005   202 Meeks Gregory NY D -0.33553
268 Lummis Cynthia WY R -0.58331   302 Meng Grace NY D -0.73164
269 Griffith Morgan VA R -0.58338   316 Messer Luke IN R -0.79442
270 Salmon Matt AZ R -0.58499   396 Mica John FL R -1.23610
271 DeSaulnier Mark CA D -0.58943   89 Miller Candice MI R 0.22742
272 Lewis John GA D -0.59461   317 Miller Jeff FL R -0.79617
273 Labrador Raúl ID R -0.59756   420 Moolenaar John MI R -1.60292
274 Latta Bob OH R -0.60354   328 Mooney Alex WV R -0.85506
275 Hudson Richard NC R -0.60547   305 Moore Gwen WI D -0.73445
276 Cárdenas Tony CA D -0.60632   43 Moulton Seth MA D 0.60914
277 Lynch Stephen MA D -0.60919   196 Mullin Markwayne OK R -0.32059
278 Pocan Mark WI D -0.61269   211 Mulvaney Mick SC R -0.35211
279 Webster Dan FL R -0.61313   44 Murphy Patrick FL D 0.60158
280 Pallone Frank NJ D -0.61409   94 Murphy Tim PA R 0.19739
281 Fudge Marcia OH D -0.62245   336 Nadler Jerry NY D -0.91927
282 Capps Lois CA D -0.62879   173 Napolitano Grace CA D -0.19645
283 Hastings Alcee FL D -0.63427   134 Neal Richard MA D 0.02024
284 Higgins Brian NY D -0.63435   254 Neugebauer Randy TX R -0.52442
285 Rush Bobby IL D -0.63771   195 Newhouse Dan WA R -0.31702
286 McGovern Jim MA D -0.64497   212 Noem Kristi SD R -0.35464
287 Huizenga Bill MI R -0.65590   146 Nolan Rick MN D -0.03319
288 Bucshon Larry IN R -0.66586   143 Norcross Donald NJ D -0.01542
289 Matsui Doris CA D -0.67243   410 Norton Eleanor DC D -1.36903
290 Hinojosa Rubén TX D -0.68273   145 Nugent Richard FL R -0.02650
291 Duffy Sean WI R -0.68538   174 Nunes Devin CA R -0.19866
292 Deutch Ted FL D -0.68640   86 O'Rourke Beto TX D 0.25729
293 Adams Alma NC D -0.69295   200 Olson Pete TX R -0.33375
294 Zinke Ryan MT R -0.69920   327 Palazzo Steven MS R -0.85386
295 Womack Steve AR R -0.69927   280 Pallone Frank NJ D -0.61409
296 Woodall Rob GA R -0.69951   421 Palmer Gary AL R -1.61668
297 Thornberry Mac TX R -0.70277   90 Pascrell Bill NJ D 0.22486
298 Garrett Scott NJ R -0.71229   54 Paulsen Erik MN R 0.49026
299 Rogers Mike AL R -0.71735   222 Payne Donald NJ D -0.37273
300 Garamendi John CA D -0.71919   238 Pearce Steve NM R -0.44499
301 Amodei Mark NV R -0.73159   62 Perlmutter Ed CO D 0.45912
302 Meng Grace NY D -0.73164   309 Perry Scott PA R -0.75693
303 Sessions Pete TX R -0.73271   216 Peters Scott CA D -0.36375
304 Torres Norma CA D -0.73393   56 Peterson Collin MN D 0.48687
305 Moore Gwen WI D -0.73445   102 Pierluisi Pedro PR D 0.17020
306 McHenry Patrick NC R -0.74060   99 Pingree Chellie ME D 0.17876
307 Roybal-Allard Lucille CA D -0.74528   241 Pittenger Robert NC R -0.45331
308 Walker Mark NC R -0.75453   231 Pitts Joe PA R -0.41733
309 Perry Scott PA R -0.75693   377 Plaskett Stacey VI D -1.11424
310 Sablan Gregorio MP D -0.76079   278 Pocan Mark WI D -0.61269
311 Huffman Jared CA D -0.76616   128 Poe Ted TX R 0.05767
312 Takano Mark CA D -0.78239   191 Poliquin Bruce ME R -0.30566
313 Brown Corrine FL D -0.78928   142 Polis Jared CO D -0.01040
314 Long Billy MO R -0.79157   331 Pompeo Mike KS R -0.86337
315 DeLauro Rosa CT D -0.79430   182 Posey Bill FL R -0.24875
316 Messer Luke IN R -0.79442   233 Price David NC D -0.42801
317 Miller Jeff FL R -0.79617   383 Price Tom GA R -1.15294
318 McClintock Tom CA R -0.79885   225 Quigley Mike IL D -0.38735
319 Stewart Chris UT R -0.80114   9 Radewagen Amata AS R 1.26030
320 Lowenthal Alan CA D -0.80200   370 Rangel Charlie NY D -1.06785
321 Jeffries Hakeem NY D -0.80590   378 Ratcliffe John TX R -1.11859
322 Shimkus John IL R -0.81857   41 Reed Tom NY R 0.62705
323 Scalise Steve LA R -0.83309   28 Reichert Dave WA R 0.86818
324 McNerney Jerry CA D -0.83538   38 Renacci Jim OH R 0.66449
325 Carter Buddy GA R -0.85087   75 Ribble Reid WI R 0.33228
326 Kildee Dan MI D -0.85295   33 Rice Kathleen NY D 0.78458
327 Palazzo Steven MS R -0.85386   404 Rice Tom SC R -1.32733
328 Mooney Alex WV R -0.85506   113 Richmond Cedric LA D 0.11526
329 Hahn Janice CA D -0.85706   214 Rigell Scott VA R -0.35994
330 Doggett Lloyd TX D -0.85967   426 Roby Martha AL R -1.64175
331 Pompeo Mike KS R -0.86337   352 Roe Phil TN R -0.97433
332 Walberg Tim MI R -0.87217   405 Rogers Harold KY R -1.34276
333 Wenstrup Brad OH R -0.89663   299 Rogers Mike AL R -0.71735
334 Bridenstine Jim OK R -0.90794   118 Rohrabacher Dana CA R 0.10376
335 DeSantis Ron FL R -0.91199   246 Rokita Todd IN R -0.47330
336 Nadler Jerry NY D -0.91927   53 Rooney Tom FL R 0.49575
337 Brady Robert PA D -0.92375   16 Ros-Lehtinen Ileana FL R 1.07937
338 Ryan Paul WI R -0.92412   243 Roskam Peter IL R -0.45915
339 Calvert Ken CA R -0.93652   159 Ross Dennis FL R -0.08791
340 Holding George NC R -0.93767   180 Rothfus Keith PA R -0.24410
341 Johnson Sam TX R -0.93885   387 Rouzer David NC R -1.16613
342 Crawford Rick AR R -0.93995   307 Roybal-Allard Lucille CA D -0.74528
343 Yarmuth John KY D -0.94036   19 Royce Ed CA R 1.01061
344 Veasey Marc TX D -0.94073   87 Ruiz Raul CA D 0.24734
345 Castro Joaquin TX D -0.94648   152 Ruppersberger Dutch MD D -0.06240
346 Davis Susan CA D -0.94902   285 Rush Bobby IL D -0.63771
347 Clarke Yvette NY D -0.95227   432 Russell Steve OK R -1.74099
348 Lamborn Doug CO R -0.95443   338 Ryan Paul WI R -0.92412
349 Dingell Debbie MI D -0.96247   93 Ryan Tim OH D 0.20754
350 Weber Randy TX R -0.96976   310 Sablan Gregorio MP D -0.76079
351 Carson André IN D -0.97236   270 Salmon Matt AZ R -0.58499
352 Roe Phil TN R -0.97433   121 Sánchez Linda CA D 0.08586
353 Amash Justin MI R -0.97798   162 Sanchez Loretta CA D -0.10893
354 Scott Bobby VA D -0.99147   237 Sanford Mark SC R -0.44343
355 Grijalva Raúl AZ D -0.99574   167 Sarbanes John MD D -0.13229
356 Westmoreland Lynn GA R -1.01032   323 Scalise Steve LA R -0.83309
357 Blum Rod IA R -1.01065   362 Schakowsky Jan IL D -1.02950
358 Blackburn Marsha TN R -1.01711   185 Schiff Adam CA D -0.26398
359 Wilson Frederica FL D -1.02177   66 Schrader Kurt OR D 0.40517
360 Smith Jason MO R -1.02704   398 Schweikert David AZ R -1.24849
361 Levin Sandy MI D -1.02780   365 Scott Austin GA R -1.05421
362 Schakowsky Jan IL D -1.02950   354 Scott Bobby VA D -0.99147
363 Harris Andy MD R -1.04304   12 Scott David GA D 1.20728
364 Williams Roger TX R -1.05243   36 Sensenbrenner Jim WI R 0.73681
365 Scott Austin GA R -1.05421   412 Serrano José NY D -1.42552
366 Grayson Alan FL D -1.05444   303 Sessions Pete TX R -0.73271
367 Davis Danny IL D -1.05912   133 Sewell Terri AL D 0.02037
368 Flores Bill TX R -1.06277   73 Sherman Brad CA D 0.34236
369 Cicilline David RI D -1.06530   322 Shimkus John IL R -0.81857
370 Rangel Charlie NY D -1.06785   135 Shuster Bill PA R 0.00887
371 Aderholt Robert AL R -1.07655   201 Simpson Mike ID R -0.33397
372 Marchant Kenny TX R -1.09482   3 Sinema Kyrsten AZ D 1.75522
373 DesJarlais Scott TN R -1.09772   104 Sires Albio NJ D 0.15887
374 Clyburn James SC D -1.10747   208 Slaughter Louise NY D -0.34522
375 Gowdy Trey SC R -1.10898   245 Smith Adam WA D -0.46352
376 Hardy Cresent NV R -1.11091   261 Smith Adrian NE R -0.54616
377 Plaskett Stacey VI D -1.11424   17 Smith Chris NJ R 1.07144
378 Ratcliffe John TX R -1.11859   360 Smith Jason MO R -1.02704
379 Kelly Robin IL D -1.12195   111 Smith Lamar TX R 0.13167
380 Brat David VA R -1.12212   223 Speier Jackie CA D -0.37994
381 Jackson Lee Sheila TX D -1.13062   68 Stefanik Elise NY R 0.36947
382 Lowey Nita NY D -1.13185   319 Stewart Chris UT R -0.80114
383 Price Tom GA R -1.15294   40 Stivers Steve OH R 0.63400
384 Fattah Chaka PA D -1.15342   435 Stutzman Marlin IN R -1.81375
385 Conyers John MI D -1.15519   240 Swalwell Eric CA D -0.45023
386 Byrne Bradley AL R -1.15944   226 Takai Mark HI D -0.38915
387 Rouzer David NC R -1.16613   312 Takano Mark CA D -0.78239
388 Westerman Bruce AR R -1.18634   257 Thompson Bennie MS D -0.52812
389 Tsongas Niki MA D -1.19087   59 Thompson Glenn PA R 0.48273
390 Fleischmann Chuck TN R -1.19181   164 Thompson Mike CA D -0.11363
391 Chu Judy CA D -1.20455   297 Thornberry Mac TX R -0.70277
392 Culberson John TX R -1.20505   78 Tiberi Pat OH R 0.30752
393 Van Hollen Chris MD D -1.21110   140 Tipton Scott CO R -0.00493
394 Hartzler Vicky MO R -1.21699   213 Titus Dina NV D -0.35491
395 Gohmert Louie TX R -1.23568   130 Tonko Paul NY D 0.04370
396 Mica John FL R -1.23610   304 Torres Norma CA D -0.73393
397 Buck Ken CO R -1.24745   124 Trott Dave MI R 0.08224
398 Schweikert David AZ R -1.24849   389 Tsongas Niki MA D -1.19087
399 Cummings Elijah MD D -1.25587   123 Turner Mike OH R 0.08353
400 Honda Mike CA D -1.28049   150 Upton Fred MI R -0.05281
401 Fleming John LA R -1.29212   42 Valadao David CA R 0.62018
402 Green Al TX D -1.29215   393 Van Hollen Chris MD D -1.21110
403 Ellison Keith MN D -1.29400   262 Vargas Juan CA D -0.55387
404 Rice Tom SC R -1.32733   344 Veasey Marc TX D -0.94073
405 Rogers Harold KY R -1.34276   67 Vela Filemon TX D 0.37039
406 Hice Jody GA R -1.34416   425 Velázquez Nydia NY D -1.64153
407 Lee Barbara CA D -1.35537   267 Visclosky Pete IN D -0.58005
408 Lawrence Brenda MI D -1.35546   176 Wagner Ann MO R -0.21934
409 McDermott Jim WA D -1.36015   332 Walberg Tim MI R -0.87217
410 Norton Eleanor DC D -1.36903   47 Walden Greg OR R 0.55529
411 Waters Maxine CA D -1.37548   308 Walker Mark NC R -0.75453
412 Serrano José NY D -1.42552   210 Walorski Jackie IN R -0.35142
413 Edwards Donna MD D -1.44874   189 Walters Mimi CA R -0.29519
414 Babin Brian TX R -1.47697   4 Walz Tim MN D 1.60394
415 Watson Coleman Bonnie NJ D -1.49108   50 Wasserman Schultz Debbie FL D 0.52358
416 King Steve IA R -1.50870   411 Waters Maxine CA D -1.37548
417 Gutiérrez Luis IL D -1.52219   415 Watson Coleman Bonnie NJ D -1.49108
418 Brooks Mo AL R -1.53927   350 Weber Randy TX R -0.96976
419 Jordan Jim OH R -1.60050   279 Webster Dan FL R -0.61313
420 Moolenaar John MI R -1.60292   101 Welch Peter VT D 0.17176
421 Palmer Gary AL R -1.61668   333 Wenstrup Brad OH R -0.89663
422 Gibbs Bob OH R -1.62654   388 Westerman Bruce AR R -1.18634
423 Graves Tom GA R -1.63146   356 Westmoreland Lynn GA R -1.01032
424 Allen Rick GA R -1.64037   32 Whitfield Ed KY R 0.80139
425 Velázquez Nydia NY D -1.64153   364 Williams Roger TX R -1.05243
426 Roby Martha AL R -1.64175   359 Wilson Frederica FL D -1.02177
427 Carter John TX R -1.64624   177 Wilson Joe SC R -0.22319
428 Grothman Glenn WI R -1.68318   81 Wittman Robert VA R 0.28185
429 Loudermilk Barry GA R -1.68874   295 Womack Steve AR R -0.69927
430 Duncan Jeff SC R -1.71289   296 Woodall Rob GA R -0.69951
431 Hensarling Jeb TX R -1.73248   343 Yarmuth John KY D -0.94036
432 Russell Steve OK R -1.74099   264 Yoder Kevin KS R -0.56706
433 Huelskamp Tim KS R -1.76827   107 Yoho Ted FL R 0.14498
434 Becerra Xavier CA D -1.79273   253 Young David IA R -0.51729
435 Kelly Trent MS R -1.81375   79 Young Don AK R 0.29171
435 McCarthy Kevin CA R -1.81375   138 Young Todd IN R -0.00426
435 Stutzman Marlin IN R -1.81375   64 Zeldin Lee NY R 0.43948
438 Hoyer Steny MD D -2.06987   294 Zinke Ryan MT R -0.69920
GovTrack data was used in the production of these scores
                         
Notes:
                         
Representatives who served fewer than six months are exluded (Michael Grimm, R-NY; Darin LaHood, R-IL; Alan Nunnelee, R-MS; Aaron Schock, R-IL).
                         
Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) and Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) are excluded.
                         
Paul Ryan (R-WI) is included because his service as Speaker of the House spanned less than half of 2015.

103rd-113th Congresses: Lifetime Senate Scores

                   

The Lugar Center - McCourt School Bipartisan Index

Lifetime Scores - Senators

103rd - 113th Congresses (1993-2014)

Senator (by score)
# Name State Party Congresses Score
1 Chafee Lincoln RI R 106-109 2.222913
2 Collins Susan ME R 105-113 1.57281
3 Snowe Olympia ME R 104-112 1.462383
4 Donnelly Joe IN D 113 1.459805
5 Nunn Sam GA D 103-104 1.451934
6 Manchin Joe WV D 112-113 1.435397
7 Miller Zell GA D 107-108 1.388185
8 Smith Gordon OR R 105-110 1.350191
9 Boren David OK D 103 1.308541
10 Hatfield Mark OR R 103-104 1.116247
11 Coleman Norm MN R 108-110 1.089895
12 Grassley Chuck IA R 103-113 1.045719
13 Durenberger David MN R 103 1.011092
14 Chafee John RI R 103-105 0.953717
15 Jeffords Jim VT R, D 103-109 0.941211
16 Heflin Howell AL D 103-104 0.917445
17 Lincoln Blanche AR D 106-111 0.830251
18 Kirk Mark IL R 112-113 0.814764
19 Breaux John LA D 103-108 0.725098
20 Domenici Pete NM R 103-110 0.722056
21 D'Amato Alfonse NY R 103-105 0.691331
22 Fitzgerald Peter IL R 106-108 0.690341
23 Conrad Kent ND D 103-112 0.687046
24 Lugar Richard IN R 103-112 0.667979
25 Lieberman Joe CT D 103-112 0.662165
26 Packwood Bob OR R 103 0.64076
27 Baucus Max MT D 103-113 0.619391
28 Hollings Ernest SC D 103-108 0.61635
29 DeWine Mike OH R 104-109 0.614632
30 Murkowski Lisa AK R 108-113 0.591018
31 Bingaman  Jeff NM D 103-112 0.587121
32 Hagel Chuck NE R 105-110 0.551482
33 Voinovich George OH R 106-111 0.54316
34 Cleland Max GA D 105-107 0.536122
35 Graham Bob FL D 103-108 0.530721
36 Robb Chuck VA D 103-106 0.53004
37 Biden Joe DE D 103-110 0.52744
38 Ensign John NV R 107-111 0.507046
39 Nelson Ben NE D 107-112 0.497885
40 Warner John VA R 103-110 0.490282
41 Pryor David AR D 103-104 0.487342
42 Brown Scott MA R 111-112 0.484381
43 Blunt Roy MO R 112-113 0.465882
44 Specter Arlen PA R, D 103-111 0.462787
45 Daschle Tom SD D 103 0.443042
46 Hatch Orrin UT R 103-113 0.441269
47 Reid Harry NV D 103-108 0.439035
48 King Angus ME D 113 0.43528
49 Campbell Ben CO D, R 103-108 0.423739
50 Kerrey Bob NE D 103-106 0.418828
51 Sununu John NH R 108-110 0.412179
52 Hoeven John ND R 112-113 0.394338
53 Ford Wendell KY D 103-105 0.388773
54 Salazar Ken CO D 109-110 0.388214
55 Portman Rob OH R 112-113 0.387745
56 Cochran Thad MS R 103-113 0.381936
57 Landrieu Mary LA D 105-113 0.357694
58 Moynihan Pat NY D 103-106 0.350398
59 Dorgan Byron ND D 103-111 0.349906
60 McCain John AZ R 103-113 0.343812
61 Bayh Evan IN D 106-111 0.334613
62 Wyden Ron OR D 104-113 0.326514
63 Cohen Bill ME R 103-104 0.326475
64 Carnahan Jean MO D 107 0.320078
65 McCaskill Claire MO D 110-113 0.307227
66 Johnson Tim SD D 105-113 0.294936
67 LeMieux George FL R 111 0.29253
68 Bryan Richard NV D 103-106 0.286949
69 Ayotte Kelly NH R 112-113 0.272504
70 Boozman John AR R 112-113 0.272106
71 Danforth John MO R 103 0.264452
72 DeConcini Dennis AZ D 103 0.257378
73 Heitkamp Heidi ND D 113 0.257359
74 Kassebaum Nancy KS R 103-104 0.244383
75 Leahy Patrick VT D 103-113 0.233192
76 Frist Bill TN R 104-107 0.22582
77 Bond Kit MO R 103-111 0.225703
78 Carper Tom DE D 107-113 0.213912
79 Pryor Mark AR D 108-113 0.17301
80 Glenn John OH D 103-105 0.166642
81 Sarbanes Paul MD D 103-109 0.163539
82 Mack Connie FL R 103-106 0.138671
83 Nelson Bill FL D 107-113 0.118946
84 Martinez Mel FL R 109-110 0.113404
85 Thune John SD R 109-113 0.112296
86 Brownback Sam KS R 105-111 0.104742
87 Klobuchar Amy MN D 110-113 0.103514
88 Alexander Lamar TN R 108-113 0.094543
89 Kohl Herb WI D 103-112 0.088667
90 Shaheen Jeanne NH D 111-113 0.078995
91 Moran Jerry KS R 112-113 0.069725
92 Kaine Tim VA D 113 0.068189
93 Moseley Braun Carol IL D 103-105 0.06589
94 Johnston Bennett LA D 103-104 0.06507
95 Heller Dean NV R 112-113 0.064993
96 Warner Mark VA D 111-113 0.052414
97 Gregg Judd NH R 103-111 0.049602
98 Stevens Ted AK R 103-110 0.035367
99 Allen George VA R 107-109 0.024944
100 Hutchison Kay TX R 103-112 0.022111
101 Begich Mark AK R 111-113 0.019091
102 Reed Jack RI D 105-113 0.017929
103 Edwards John NC D 106-108 0.017839
104 Webb Jim VA D 110-112 0.010208
105 Roth Bill DE R 103-106 0.004258
106 Gorton Slade WA R 103-106 0.00177
107 Torricelli Robert NJ D 105-107 -0.01095
108 Hirono Mazie HI D 113 -0.01407
109 Crapo Mike ID R 106-113 -0.01661
110 Feinstein Dianne CA D 103-113 -0.02121
111 Harkin Tom IA D 103-113 -0.02277
112 Burns Conrad MT R 103-109 -0.02313
113 Dodd Chris CT D 103-111 -0.03043
114 Pressler Larry SD R 103-104 -0.04695
115 Abraham Spencer MI R 104-106 -0.04904
116 Corker Bob TN R 110-113 -0.04934
117 Dole Elizabeth NC R 108-110 -0.05454
118 Rockefeller Jay WV D 103-113 -0.06906
119 Kennedy Ted MA D 103-110 -0.07247
120 Simon Paul IL D 103-104 -0.08173
121 Lott Trent MS R 103-104, 108-110 -0.09762
122 Graham Lindsey SC R 108-113 -0.10123
123 Bumpers Dale AR D 103-105 -0.11491
124 Craig Larry ID R 103-110 -0.11723
125 Enzi Mike WY R 105-113 -0.14112
126 Durbin Dick IL D 105-113 -0.14173
127 Cardin Ben MD D 110-113 -0.14517
128 Exon Jim NE D 103-104 -0.15186
129 McConnell Mitch KY R 103-109 -0.15845
130 Tester Jon MT D 110-113 -0.1624
131 Mikulski Barbara MD D 103-113 -0.16974
132 Isakson Johnny GA R 109-113 -0.17176
133 Roberts Pat KS R 105-113 -0.19106
134 Akaka Daniel HI D 103-112 -0.19249
135 Burr Richard NC R 109-113 -0.19768
136 Kerry John MA D 103-112 -0.19786
137 Levin Carl MI D 103-113 -0.19831
138 Inouye Daniel HI D 103-112 -0.20799
139 Johanns Mike NE R 111-113 -0.21302
140 Metzenbaum Howard OH D 103 -0.21874
141 Cantwell Maria WA D 107-113 -0.22567
142 Bunning Jim KY R 106-111 -0.24426
143 Stabenow Debbie MI D 107-113 -0.25794
144 Coons Chris DE D 112-113 -0.26151
145 Santorum Rick PA R 104-109 -0.27343
146 Warren Elizabeth MA D 113 -0.28481
147 Allard Wayne CO R 105-110 -0.28815
148 Feingold Russ WI D 103-111 -0.29009
149 Hagan Kay NC D 111-113 -0.2985
150 Talent Jim MO R 108-109 -0.31773
151 Udall Mark CO D 111-113 -0.32326
152 Bradley Bill NJ D 103-104 -0.3541
153 Riegle Donald MI D 103 -0.36653
154 Sessions Jeff AL R 105-112 -0.37021
155 Murray Patty WA D 103-113 -0.38386
156 Clinton Hillary NY D 107-110 -0.39781
157 Toomey Pat PA R 112-113 -0.40624
158 Dayton Mark MN D 107-109 -0.40659
159 Thurmond Strom SC R 103-107 -0.42363
160 Brown Sherrod OH D 110-113 -0.42851
161 Schumer Chuck NY D 106-113 -0.43771
162 Thompson Fred TN R 104-107 -0.441
163 Hutchinson Tim AR R 105-107 -0.44218
164 Byrd Robert WV D 103-111 -0.44341
165 Obama Barack IL D 109-110 -0.44706
166 Bennet Michael CO D 111-113 -0.46597
167 Thomas Craig WY R 104-109 -0.46961
168 Grams Rod MN R 104-106 -0.47119
169 Murkowski Frank AK R 103-107 -0.47129
170 Rubio Marco FL R 112-113 -0.48561
171 Nickles Don OK R 103-108 -0.48774
172 Shelby Richard AL D, R 103-113 -0.49706
173 Sasser Jim TN D 103 -0.49818
174 Pell Claiborne RI D 103-104 -0.50007
175 Simpson Alan WY R 103-104 -0.53096
176 Kaufman Ted DE D 111 -0.53238
177 Wicker Roger MS R 110-113 -0.54514
178 Chambliss Saxby GA R 108-113 -0.55215
179 Casey Bob PA D 110-113 -0.56967
180 Wellstone Paul MN D 103-107 -0.57232
181 Smith Bob NH R 103-107 -0.59761
182 Bennett Bob UT R 103-111 -0.59982
183 Boxer Barbara CA D 103-113 -0.60727
184 Corzine Jon NJ D 107-109 -0.63154
185 Heinrich Martin NM D 113 -0.64482
186 Inhofe Jim OK R 104-113 -0.65883
187 Faircloth Lauch NC R 103-105 -0.66585
188 Cornyn John TX R 108-113 -0.66878
189 Coburn Tom OK R 109-113 -0.68387
190 Franken Al MN D 111-113 -0.68664
191 Brown Hank CO R 103-104 -0.69023
192 Whitehouse Sheldon RI D 110-113 -0.71088
193 Vitter David LA R 109-113 -0.71977
194 Kempthorne Dirk ID R 103-105 -0.74133
195 Kyl Jon AZ R 104-112 -0.76655
196 Booker Cory NJ D 113 -0.79256
197 Lautenberg Frank NJ D 103-106, 108-112 -0.82345
198 Mathews Harlan TN D 103 -0.82511
199 Wofford Harris PA D 103 -0.83298
200 Blumenthal Richard CT D 112-113 -0.86488
201 Gramm Phil TX R 103-107 -0.89625
202 Baldwin Tammy WI D 113 -0.9072
203 Barrasso John WY R 110-113 -0.91296
204 Ashcroft John MO R 104-106 -0.92017
205 Merkley Jeff OR D 111-113 -0.93692
206 Udall Tom NM D 111-113 -0.94054
207 Schatz Brian HI D 113 -0.94604
208 Menéndez Bob NJ D 109-113 -0.95095
209 Walsh John MT D 113 -0.98539
210 Wallop Malcolm WY R 103 -1.01114
211 Markey Ed MA D 113 -1.03268
212 Helms Jesse NC R 103-107 -1.03719
213 Murphy Chris CT D 113 -1.05038
214 Coats Dan IN R 103-105, 112-113 -1.06718
215 Coverdell Paul GA R 103-106 -1.07102
216 Flake Jeff AZ R 113 -1.10151
217 Sanders Bernie VT D 110-113 -1.11658
218 Fischer Deb NE R 113 -1.1285
219 Gillibrand Kirsten NY D 111-113 -1.14005
220 Risch Jim ID R 111-113 -1.27119
221 Burris Roland IL D 111 -1.46384
222 Paul Rand KY R 112-113 -1.52199
223 Johnson Ron WI R 112-113 -1.56029
224 Cruz Ted TX R 113 -1.60341
225 Lee Mike UT R 112-113 -1.68755
226 Scott Tim SC R 113 -1.74259
227 DeMint Jim SC R 109-112 -1.85589
GovTrack data was used in the production of these scores.
             
Notes:
             
Data on which Bipartisan Index lifetime scores are based begins with the 103rd Congress (1993-1994).  Consequently, Senate service before 1993 does not factor into a Senator’s lifetime score. 
             
Lifetime scores are the average of a Senator’s Bipartisan Index scores for each Congress in which they served for at least 10 months.
             
Senators do not receive a score for Congresses in which they served fewer than 10 months. 
             
Beginning in the 113th Congress (2013-2014), the scores of Senators who sponsored fewer than 3 bills are excluded (applies only to Jeff Sessions).
             
The scores of the Majority Leader and the Minority Leader in each Congress are excluded because their roles in the legislative process impose on them different sponsorship and co-sponsorship practices than other members.  But Senators who have served as Majority and/or Minority Leader are scored on Congresses in which they did not serve in one of those leadership roles.
             
If a Senator served as Majority Leader and/or Minority Leader for less than half a Congress, his/her score from that Congress is counted in the lifetime score (applies only to Trent Lott in the 104th Congress).
             
Senators who switched parties during a Congress are scored as a member of the party to which they belonged the longest during that Congress.
             
Senators who are independent but caucus with a party for purposes of determining which party is in the majority are counted as a member of that party.
 
Senator (alphabetical)
# Name State Party Congresses Score
115 Abraham Spencer MI R 104-106 -0.04904
134 Akaka Daniel HI D 103-112 -0.19249
88 Alexander Lamar TN R 108-113 0.094543
147 Allard Wayne CO R 105-110 -0.28815
99 Allen George VA R 107-109 0.024944
204 Ashcroft John MO R 104-106 -0.92017
69 Ayotte Kelly NH R 112-113 0.272504
202 Baldwin Tammy WI D 113 -0.9072
203 Barrasso John WY R 110-113 -0.91296
27 Baucus Max MT D 103-113 0.619391
61 Bayh Evan IN D 106-111 0.334613
101 Begich Mark AK R 111-113 0.019091
166 Bennet Michael CO D 111-113 -0.46597
182 Bennett Bob UT R 103-111 -0.59982
37 Biden Joe DE D 103-110 0.52744
31 Bingaman  Jeff NM D 103-112 0.587121
200 Blumenthal Richard CT D 112-113 -0.86488
43 Blunt Roy MO R 112-113 0.465882
77 Bond Kit MO R 103-111 0.225703
196 Booker Cory NJ D 113 -0.79256
70 Boozman John AR R 112-113 0.272106
9 Boren David OK D 103 1.308541
183 Boxer Barbara CA D 103-113 -0.60727
152 Bradley Bill NJ D 103-104 -0.3541
19 Breaux John LA D 103-108 0.725098
42 Brown Scott MA R 111-112 0.484381
160 Brown Sherrod OH D 110-113 -0.42851
191 Brown Hank CO R 103-104 -0.69023
86 Brownback Sam KS R 105-111 0.104742
68 Bryan Richard NV D 103-106 0.286949
123 Bumpers Dale AR D 103-105 -0.11491
142 Bunning Jim KY R 106-111 -0.24426
112 Burns Conrad MT R 103-109 -0.02313
135 Burr Richard NC R 109-113 -0.19768
221 Burris Roland IL D 111 -1.46384
164 Byrd Robert WV D 103-111 -0.44341
49 Campbell Ben CO D, R 103-108 0.423739
141 Cantwell Maria WA D 107-113 -0.22567
127 Cardin Ben MD D 110-113 -0.14517
64 Carnahan Jean MO D 107 0.320078
78 Carper Tom DE D 107-113 0.213912
179 Casey Bob PA D 110-113 -0.56967
1 Chafee Lincoln RI R 106-109 2.222913
14 Chafee John RI R 103-105 0.953717
178 Chambliss Saxby GA R 108-113 -0.55215
34 Cleland Max GA D 105-107 0.536122
156 Clinton Hillary NY D 107-110 -0.39781
214 Coats Dan IN R 103-105, 112-113 -1.06718
189 Coburn Tom OK R 109-113 -0.68387
56 Cochran Thad MS R 103-113 0.381936
63 Cohen Bill ME R 103-104 0.326475
11 Coleman Norm MN R 108-110 1.089895
2 Collins Susan ME R 105-113 1.57281
23 Conrad Kent ND D 103-112 0.687046
144 Coons Chris DE D 112-113 -0.26151
116 Corker Bob TN R 110-113 -0.04934
188 Cornyn John TX R 108-113 -0.66878
184 Corzine Jon NJ D 107-109 -0.63154
215 Coverdell Paul GA R 103-106 -1.07102
124 Craig Larry ID R 103-110 -0.11723
109 Crapo Mike ID R 106-113 -0.01661
224 Cruz Ted TX R 113 -1.60341
21 D'Amato Alfonse NY R 103-105 0.691331
71 Danforth John MO R 103 0.264452
45 Daschle Tom SD D 103 0.443042
158 Dayton Mark MN D 107-109 -0.40659
72 DeConcini Dennis AZ D 103 0.257378
227 DeMint Jim SC R 109-112 -1.85589
29 DeWine Mike OH R 104-109 0.614632
113 Dodd Chris CT D 103-111 -0.03043
117 Dole Elizabeth NC R 108-110 -0.05454
20 Domenici Pete NM R 103-110 0.722056
4 Donnelly Joe IN D 113 1.459805
59 Dorgan Byron ND D 103-111 0.349906
126 Durbin Dick IL D 105-113 -0.14173
13 Durenberger David MN R 103 1.011092
103 Edwards John NC D 106-108 0.017839
38 Ensign John NV R 107-111 0.507046
125 Enzi Mike WY R 105-113 -0.14112
128 Exon Jim NE D 103-104 -0.15186
187 Faircloth Lauch NC R 103-105 -0.66585
148 Feingold Russ WI D 103-111 -0.29009
110 Feinstein Dianne CA D 103-113 -0.02121
218 Fischer Deb NE R 113 -1.1285
22 Fitzgerald Peter IL R 106-108 0.690341
216 Flake Jeff AZ R 113 -1.10151
53 Ford Wendell KY D 103-105 0.388773
190 Franken Al MN D 111-113 -0.68664
76 Frist Bill TN R 104-107 0.22582
219 Gillibrand Kirsten NY D 111-113 -1.14005
80 Glenn John OH D 103-105 0.166642
106 Gorton Slade WA R 103-106 0.00177
35 Graham Bob FL D 103-108 0.530721
122 Graham Lindsey SC R 108-113 -0.10123
201 Gramm Phil TX R 103-107 -0.89625
168 Grams Rod MN R 104-106 -0.47119
12 Grassley Chuck IA R 103-113 1.045719
97 Gregg Judd NH R 103-111 0.049602
149 Hagan Kay NC D 111-113 -0.2985
32 Hagel Chuck NE R 105-110 0.551482
111 Harkin Tom IA D 103-113 -0.02277
46 Hatch Orrin UT R 103-113 0.441269
10 Hatfield Mark OR R 103-104 1.116247
16 Heflin Howell AL D 103-104 0.917445
185 Heinrich Martin NM D 113 -0.64482
73 Heitkamp Heidi ND D 113 0.257359
95 Heller Dean NV R 112-113 0.064993
212 Helms Jesse NC R 103-107 -1.03719
108 Hirono Mazie HI D 113 -0.01407
52 Hoeven John ND R 112-113 0.394338
28 Hollings Ernest SC D 103-108 0.61635
163 Hutchinson Tim AR R 105-107 -0.44218
100 Hutchison Kay TX R 103-112 0.022111
186 Inhofe Jim OK R 104-113 -0.65883
138 Inouye Daniel HI D 103-112 -0.20799
132 Isakson Johnny GA R 109-113 -0.17176
15 Jeffords Jim VT R, D 103-109 0.941211
139 Johanns Mike NE R 111-113 -0.21302
66 Johnson Tim SD D 105-113 0.294936
223 Johnson Ron WI R 112-113 -1.56029
94 Johnston Bennett LA D 103-104 0.06507
92 Kaine Tim VA D 113 0.068189
74 Kassebaum Nancy KS R 103-104 0.244383
176 Kaufman Ted DE D 111 -0.53238
194 Kempthorne Dirk ID R 103-105 -0.74133
119 Kennedy Ted MA D 103-110 -0.07247
50 Kerrey Bob NE D 103-106 0.418828
136 Kerry John MA D 103-112 -0.19786
48 King Angus ME D 113 0.43528
18 Kirk Mark IL R 112-113 0.814764
87 Klobuchar Amy MN D 110-113 0.103514
89 Kohl Herb WI D 103-112 0.088667
195 Kyl Jon AZ R 104-112 -0.76655
57 Landrieu Mary LA D 105-113 0.357694
197 Lautenberg Frank NJ D 103-106, 108-112 -0.82345
75 Leahy Patrick VT D 103-113 0.233192
225 Lee Mike UT R 112-113 -1.68755
67 LeMieux George FL R 111 0.29253
137 Levin Carl MI D 103-113 -0.19831
25 Lieberman Joe CT D 103-112 0.662165
17 Lincoln Blanche AR D 106-111 0.830251
121 Lott Trent MS R 103-104, 108-110 -0.09762
24 Lugar Richard IN R 103-112 0.667979
82 Mack Connie FL R 103-106 0.138671
6 Manchin Joe WV D 112-113 1.435397
211 Markey Ed MA D 113 -1.03268
84 Martinez Mel FL R 109-110 0.113404
198 Mathews Harlan TN D 103 -0.82511
60 McCain John AZ R 103-113 0.343812
65 McCaskill Claire MO D 110-113 0.307227
129 McConnell Mitch KY R 103-109 -0.15845
208 Menéndez Bob NJ D 109-113 -0.95095
205 Merkley Jeff OR D 111-113 -0.93692
140 Metzenbaum Howard OH D 103 -0.21874
131 Mikulski Barbara MD D 103-113 -0.16974
7 Miller Zell GA D 107-108 1.388185
91 Moran Jerry KS R 112-113 0.069725
93 Moseley Braun Carol IL D 103-105 0.06589
58 Moynihan Pat NY D 103-106 0.350398
30 Murkowski Lisa AK R 108-113 0.591018
169 Murkowski Frank AK R 103-107 -0.47129
213 Murphy Chris CT D 113 -1.05038
155 Murray Patty WA D 103-113 -0.38386
39 Nelson Ben NE D 107-112 0.497885
83 Nelson Bill FL D 107-113 0.118946
171 Nickles Don OK R 103-108 -0.48774
5 Nunn Sam GA D 103-104 1.451934
165 Obama Barack IL D 109-110 -0.44706
26 Packwood Bob OR R 103 0.64076
222 Paul Rand KY R 112-113 -1.52199
174 Pell Claiborne RI D 103-104 -0.50007
55 Portman Rob OH R 112-113 0.387745
114 Pressler Larry SD R 103-104 -0.04695
41 Pryor David AR D 103-104 0.487342
79 Pryor Mark AR D 108-113 0.17301
102 Reed Jack RI D 105-113 0.017929
47 Reid Harry NV D 103-108 0.439035
153 Riegle Donald MI D 103 -0.36653
220 Risch Jim ID R 111-113 -1.27119
36 Robb Chuck VA D 103-106 0.53004
133 Roberts Pat KS R 105-113 -0.19106
118 Rockefeller Jay WV D 103-113 -0.06906
105 Roth Bill DE R 103-106 0.004258
170 Rubio Marco FL R 112-113 -0.48561
54 Salazar Ken CO D 109-110 0.388214
217 Sanders Bernie VT D 110-113 -1.11658
145 Santorum Rick PA R 104-109 -0.27343
81 Sarbanes Paul MD D 103-109 0.163539
173 Sasser Jim TN D 103 -0.49818
207 Schatz Brian HI D 113 -0.94604
161 Schumer Chuck NY D 106-113 -0.43771
226 Scott Tim SC R 113 -1.74259
154 Sessions Jeff AL R 105-112 -0.37021
90 Shaheen Jeanne NH D 111-113 0.078995
172 Shelby Richard AL D, R 103-113 -0.49706
120 Simon Paul IL D 103-104 -0.08173
175 Simpson Alan WY R 103-104 -0.53096
8 Smith Gordon OR R 105-110 1.350191
181 Smith Bob NH R 103-107 -0.59761
3 Snowe Olympia ME R 104-112 1.462383
44 Specter Arlen PA R, D 103-111 0.462787
143 Stabenow Debbie MI D 107-113 -0.25794
98 Stevens Ted AK R 103-110 0.035367
51 Sununu John NH R 108-110 0.412179
150 Talent Jim MO R 108-109 -0.31773
130 Tester Jon MT D 110-113 -0.1624
167 Thomas Craig WY R 104-109 -0.46961
162 Thompson Fred TN R 104-107 -0.441
85 Thune John SD R 109-113 0.112296
159 Thurmond Strom SC R 103-107 -0.42363
157 Toomey Pat PA R 112-113 -0.40624
107 Torricelli Robert NJ D 105-107 -0.01095
151 Udall Mark CO D 111-113 -0.32326
206 Udall Tom NM D 111-113 -0.94054
193 Vitter David LA R 109-113 -0.71977
33 Voinovich George OH R 106-111 0.54316
210 Wallop Malcolm WY R 103 -1.01114
209 Walsh John MT D 113 -0.98539
40 Warner John VA R 103-110 0.490282
96 Warner Mark VA D 111-113 0.052414
146 Warren Elizabeth MA D 113 -0.28481
104 Webb Jim VA D 110-112 0.010208
180 Wellstone Paul MN D 103-107 -0.57232
192 Whitehouse Sheldon RI D 110-113 -0.71088
177 Wicker Roger MS R 110-113 -0.54514
199 Wofford Harris PA D 103 -0.83298
62 Wyden Ron OR D 104-113 0.326514

113th Congress: Senate Scores

           

Click here to view the Bipartisan Index Senate scores

113th Congress
Senator (by score)   Senator (alphabetical)
# Name State Party Score   # Name State Party Score
1 Collins Susan ME R 2.116206   41 Alexander Lamar TN R -0.05804
2 Manchin Joe WV D 2.001382   7 Ayotte Kelly NH R 0.95416
3 Donnelly Joe IN D 1.459805   77 Baldwin Tammy WI D -0.9072
4 Murkowski Lisa AK R 1.426098   86 Barrasso John WY R -1.05239
5 Pryor Mark AR D 1.102802   30 Baucus Max MT D 0.198139
6 Kirk Mark IL R 1.00227   34 Begich Mark AK D 0.063846
7 Ayotte Kelly NH R 0.95416   35 Bennet Michael CO D 0.046977
8 Hoeven John ND R 0.908434   73 Blumenthal Richard CT D -0.79215
9 Moran Jerry KS R 0.709323   10 Blunt Roy MO R 0.708165
10 Blunt Roy MO R 0.708165   74 Booker Cory NJ D -0.79256
11 McCaskill Claire MO D 0.658668   17 Boozman John AR R 0.50637
12 Portman Rob OH R 0.589716   62 Boxer Barbara CA D -0.5747
13 Warner Mark VA D 0.569144   47 Brown Sherrod OH D -0.19747
14 Heller Dean NV R 0.555224   32 Burr Richard NC R 0.149804
15 Klobuchar Amy MN D 0.543026   43 Cantwell Maria WA D -0.11094
16 Grassley Chuck IA R 0.533345   46 Cardin Ben MD D -0.19126
17 Boozman John AR R 0.50637   18 Carper Tom DE D 0.473774
18 Carper Tom DE D 0.473774   44 Casey Bob PA D -0.11831
19 Hagan Kay NC D 0.4463   94 Chambliss Saxby GA R -1.19291
20 King Angus ME D 0.43528   87 Coats Dan IN R -1.05653
21 Graham Lindsey SC R 0.434604   50 Coburn Tom OK R -0.28446
22 Johnson Tim SD D 0.335553   54 Cochran Thad MS R -0.31463
23 Tester Jon MT D 0.316151   1 Collins Susan ME R 2.116206
24 Landrieu Mary LA D 0.291095   28 Coons Chris DE D 0.22922
25 Shaheen Jeanne NH D 0.281803   38 Corker Bob TN R -0.02224
26 Heitkamp Heidi ND D 0.257359   71 Cornyn John TX R -0.77984
27 Isakson Johnny GA R 0.241906   70 Crapo Mike ID R -0.71848
28 Coons Chris DE D 0.22922   97 Cruz Ted TX R -1.60341
29 Nelson Bill FL D 0.210945   3 Donnelly Joe IN D 1.459805
30 Baucus Max MT D 0.198139   67 Durbin Dick IL D -0.65029
31 Wicker Roger MS R 0.165311   49 Enzi Mike WY R -0.23286
32 Burr Richard NC R 0.149804   68 Feinstein Dianne CA D -0.65593
33 Kaine Tim VA D 0.068189   91 Fischer Deb NE R -1.1285
34 Begich Mark AK D 0.063846   88 Flake Jeff AZ R -1.10151
35 Bennet Michael CO D 0.046977   60 Franken Al MN D -0.54561
36 Wyden Ron OR D 0.028435   84 Gillibrand Kirsten NY D -1.04631
37 Hirono Mazie HI D -0.01407   21 Graham Lindsey SC R 0.434604
38 Corker Bob TN R -0.02224   16 Grassley Chuck IA R 0.533345
39 McCain John AZ R -0.03966   19 Hagan Kay NC D 0.4463
40 Toomey Pat PA R -0.05449   61 Harkin Tom IA D -0.55068
41 Alexander Lamar TN R -0.05804   53 Hatch Orrin UT R -0.30505
42 Thune John SD R -0.06795   66 Heinrich Martin NM D -0.64482
43 Cantwell Maria WA D -0.11094   26 Heitkamp Heidi ND D 0.257359
44 Casey Bob PA D -0.11831   14 Heller Dean NV R 0.555224
45 Udall Mark CO D -0.13999   37 Hirono Mazie HI D -0.01407
46 Cardin Ben MD D -0.19126   8 Hoeven John ND R 0.908434
47 Brown Sherrod OH D -0.19747   81 Inhofe Jim OK R -1.02417
48 Leahy Patrick VT D -0.21554   27 Isakson Johnny GA R 0.241906
49 Enzi Mike WY R -0.23286   65 Johanns Mike NE R -0.64195
50 Coburn Tom OK R -0.28446   22 Johnson Tim SD D 0.335553
51 Warren Elizabeth MA D -0.28481   89 Johnson Ron WI R -1.11568
52 Rubio Marco FL R -0.29286   33 Kaine Tim VA D 0.068189
53 Hatch Orrin UT R -0.30505   20 King Angus ME D 0.43528
54 Cochran Thad MS R -0.31463   6 Kirk Mark IL R 1.00227
55 Menéndez Bob NJ D -0.3287   15 Klobuchar Amy MN D 0.543026
56 Shelby Richard AL R -0.34678   24 Landrieu Mary LA D 0.291095
57 Stabenow Debbie MI D -0.43993   48 Leahy Patrick VT D -0.21554
58 Reed Jack RI D -0.49721   96 Lee Mike UT R -1.55863
59 Schumer Chuck NY D -0.50972   64 Levin Carl MI D -0.62938
60 Franken Al MN D -0.54561   2 Manchin Joe WV D 2.001382
61 Harkin Tom IA D -0.55068   82 Markey Ed MA D -1.03268
62 Boxer Barbara CA D -0.5747   39 McCain John AZ R -0.03966
63 Roberts Pat KS R -0.59578   11 McCaskill Claire MO D 0.658668
64 Levin Carl MI D -0.62938   55 Menéndez Bob NJ D -0.3287
65 Johanns Mike NE R -0.64195   93 Merkley Jeff OR D -1.17734
66 Heinrich Martin NM D -0.64482   75 Mikulski Barbara MD D -0.82675
67 Durbin Dick IL D -0.65029   9 Moran Jerry KS R 0.709323
68 Feinstein Dianne CA D -0.65593   4 Murkowski Lisa AK R 1.426098
69 Whitehouse Sheldon RI D -0.68112   85 Murphy Chris CT D -1.05038
70 Crapo Mike ID R -0.71848   83 Murray Patty WA D -1.03833
71 Cornyn John TX R -0.77984   29 Nelson Bill FL D 0.210945
72 Udall Tom NM D -0.78836   92 Paul Rand KY R -1.1378
73 Blumenthal Richard CT D -0.79215   12 Portman Rob OH R 0.589716
74 Booker Cory NJ D -0.79256   5 Pryor Mark AR D 1.102802
75 Mikulski Barbara MD D -0.82675   58 Reed Jack RI D -0.49721
76 Vitter David LA R -0.84964   95 Risch Jim ID R -1.36086
77 Baldwin Tammy WI D -0.9072   63 Roberts Pat KS R -0.59578
78 Schatz Brian HI D -0.94604   80 Rockefeller Jay WV D -0.99211
79 Walsh John MT D -0.98539   52 Rubio Marco FL R -0.29286
80 Rockefeller Jay WV D -0.99211   90 Sanders Bernie VT D -1.12839
81 Inhofe Jim OK R -1.02417   78 Schatz Brian HI D -0.94604
82 Markey Ed MA D -1.03268   59 Schumer Chuck NY D -0.50972
83 Murray Patty WA D -1.03833   98 Scott Tim SC R -1.74259
84 Gillibrand Kirsten NY D -1.04631   25 Shaheen Jeanne NH D 0.281803
85 Murphy Chris CT D -1.05038   56 Shelby Richard AL R -0.34678
86 Barrasso John WY R -1.05239   57 Stabenow Debbie MI D -0.43993
87 Coats Dan IN R -1.05653   23 Tester Jon MT D 0.316151
88 Flake Jeff AZ R -1.10151   42 Thune John SD R -0.06795
89 Johnson Ron WI R -1.11568   40 Toomey Pat PA R -0.05449
90 Sanders Bernie VT D -1.12839   45 Udall Mark CO D -0.13999
91 Fischer Deb NE R -1.1285   72 Udall Tom NM D -0.78836
92 Paul Rand KY R -1.1378   76 Vitter David LA R -0.84964
93 Merkley Jeff OR D -1.17734   79 Walsh John MT D -0.98539
94 Chambliss Saxby GA R -1.19291   13 Warner Mark VA D 0.569144
95 Risch Jim ID R -1.36086   51 Warren Elizabeth MA D -0.28481
96 Lee Mike UT R -1.55863   69 Whitehouse Sheldon RI D -0.68112
97 Cruz Ted TX R -1.60341   31 Wicker Roger MS R 0.165311
98 Scott Tim SC R -1.74259   36 Wyden Ron OR D 0.028435

GovTrack data was used in the production of these scores.

Notes:

Senators who served fewer than 10 months are excluded (Jeff Chiesa, R-NJ; Mo Cowan, D-MA; John Kerry, D-MA; Frank Lautenberg, D-NJ).

Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) and Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) are excluded.

Senators sponsoring fewer than 3 qualifying bills are excluded (Jeff Sessions, R-AL).

113th Congress: House Scores

           

Click here to view the Bipartisan Index House scores

113th Congress
Representative (by score)   Representative (alphabetical)
# Name State Party Score   # Name State Party Score
1 Gibson Chris NY R 2.27089   278 Aderholt Robert AL R -0.61558
2 King Pete NY R 2.26093   185 Amash Justin MI R -0.24363
3 Grimm Michael NY R 2.20292   189 Amodei Mark NV R -0.25496
4 Ros-Lehtinen Ileana FL R 2.1125   172 Andrews Rob NJ D -0.18639
5 Hanna Richard NY R 1.75808   273 Bachmann Michele MN R -0.57978
6 Fitzpatrick Mike PA R 1.53753   93 Bachus Spencer AL R 0.24067
7 Cuellar Henry TX D 1.48994   63 Barber Ron AZ D 0.49588
8 Runyan Jon NJ R 1.4699   169 Barletta Lou PA R -0.1594
9 Matheson Jim UT D 1.40457   201 Barr Andy KY R -0.27916
10 Schrader Kurt OR D 1.27908   52 Barrow John GA D 0.64039
11 Dent Charlie PA R 1.26323   145 Barton Joe TX R -0.01645
12 Smith Chris NJ R 1.18265   170 Bass Karen CA D -0.17486
13 Joyce Dave OH R 1.15114   123 Beatty Joyce OH D 0.07472
14 Gerlach Jim PA R 1.10905   151 Benishek Dan MI R -0.03183
15 LoBiondo Frank NJ R 1.0661   279 Bentivolio Kerry MI R -0.62489
16 Lipinski Dan IL D 1.06167   130 Bera Ami CA D 0.03104
17 Cooper Jim TN D 1.02325   159 Bilirakis Gus FL R -0.09588
18 Kind Ron WI D 0.98526   42 Bishop Sanford GA D 0.73422
19 Murphy Patrick FL D 0.96725   107 Bishop Tim NY D 0.16609
20 Walz Tim MN D 0.95546   348 Bishop Rob UT R -0.86102
21 Petri Tom WI R 0.92669   324 Black Diane TN R -0.79336
22 Whitfield Ed KY R 0.91662   353 Blackburn Marsha TN R -0.891
23 Perlmutter Ed CO D 0.90054   114 Blumenauer Earl OR D 0.11349
24 Cook Paul CA R 0.87368   176 Bonamici Suzanne OR D -0.20544
25 Schock Aaron IL R 0.83888   270 Bordallo Madeleine GU D -0.56542
26 Davis Rodney IL R 0.83803   218 Boustany Charles LA R -0.34507
27 Brooks Susan IN R 0.83598   216 Brady Kevin TX R -0.33724
28 Thompson Glenn PA R 0.83151   325 Brady Robert PA D -0.79381
29 Heck Joe NV R 0.82552   110 Braley Bruce IA D 0.14832
30 Stivers Steve OH R 0.81931   285 Bridenstine Jim OK R -0.65179
31 Latham Tom IA R 0.79689   27 Brooks Susan IN R 0.83598
32 Reichert Dave WA R 0.79552   337 Brooks Mo AL R -0.8255
33 Miller Gary CA R 0.78949   352 Broun Paul GA R -0.87694
34 Wolf Frank VA R 0.78146   191 Brownley Julia CA D -0.25698
35 Kinzinger Adam IL R 0.778   167 Buchanan Vern FL R -0.13642
36 Meehan Pat PA R 0.77429   186 Bucshon Larry IN R -0.24571
37 McIntyre Mike NC D 0.77122   139 Burgess Michael TX R 0.01062
38 Young Don AK R 0.74952   87 Bustos Cheri IL D 0.27108
39 Duckworth Tammy IL D 0.74216   58 Butterfield G.K. NC D 0.57648
40 Jones Walter NC R 0.738   192 Calvert Ken CA R -0.25717
41 Owens Bill NY D 0.73584   297 Camp Dave MI R -0.70096
42 Bishop Sanford GA D 0.73422   286 Campbell John CA R -0.66042
43 Hunter Duncan CA R 0.73419   161 Moore Capito Shelley WV R -0.10377
44 Gabbard Tulsi HI D 0.71825   258 Capps Lois CA D -0.50299
45 Ryan Tim OH D 0.71335   268 Capuano Michael MA D -0.56031
46 Royce Ed CA R 0.71151   257 Cárdenas Tony CA D -0.49833
47 Pascrell Bill NJ D 0.6869   91 Carney John DE D 0.25022
48 McKinley David WV R 0.67801   307 Carson André IN D -0.74296
49 Wasserman Schultz Debbie FL D 0.66505   260 Carter John TX R -0.52085
50 Rohrabacher Dana CA R 0.66498   152 Cartwright Matt PA D -0.04894
51 Rahall Nick WV D 0.65018   239 Cassidy Bill LA R -0.44253
52 Barrow John GA D 0.64039   213 Castor Kathy FL D -0.33169
53 Reed Tom NY R 0.62216   246 Castro Joaquin TX D -0.46958
54 Thompson Mike CA D 0.59863   75 Chabot Steve OH R 0.36289
55 Lance Leonard NJ R 0.59694   194 Chaffetz Jason UT R -0.26233
56 Sewell Terri AL D 0.5886   420 Christensen Donna VI D -1.64911
57 Kennedy Joe MA D 0.58741   354 Chu Judy CA D -0.91042
58 Butterfield G.K. NC D 0.57648   362 Cicilline David RI D -0.96626
59 Sensenbrenner Jim WI R 0.57005   184 Clark Katherine MA D -0.23559
60 Kilmer Derek WA D 0.54963   367 Clarke Yvette NY D -1.01361
61 Garcia Joe FL D 0.54493   292 Clay William MO D -0.68233
62 McKeon Buck CA R 0.52823   82 Cleaver Emanuel MO D 0.29706
63 Barber Ron AZ D 0.49588   81 Coble Howard NC R 0.29972
64 Crenshaw Ander FL R 0.49557   95 Coffman Mike CO R 0.23512
65 Issa Darrell CA R 0.48522   343 Cohen Steve TN D -0.84384
66 Schneider Bradley IL D 0.47516   97 Cole Tom OK R 0.21205
67 Rooney Tom FL R 0.45564   165 Collins Chris NY R -0.11423
68 Paulsen Erik MN R 0.42932   242 Collins Doug GA R -0.45534
69 Michaud Mike ME D 0.39673   209 Conaway Mike TX R -0.32153
70 LaMalfa Doug CA R 0.38421   163 Connolly Gerry VA D -0.11206
71 Tiberi Pat OH R 0.37476   372 Conyers John MI D -1.03329
72 Valadao David CA R 0.36747   24 Cook Paul CA R 0.87368
73 Denham Jeff CA R 0.36739   17 Cooper Jim TN D 1.02325
74 Renacci Jim OH R 0.36408   106 Costa Jim CA D 0.16635
75 Chabot Steve OH R 0.36289   395 Cotton Tom AR R -1.11961
76 Doyle Mike PA D 0.35947   108 Courtney Joe CT D 0.16576
77 Harper Gregg MS R 0.35603   407 Cramer Kevin ND R -1.3122
78 Green Gene TX D 0.33848   349 Crawford Rick AR R -0.86728
79 Sinema Kyrsten AZ D 0.32315   64 Crenshaw Ander FL R 0.49557
80 Sherman Brad CA D 0.30348   162 Crowley Joseph NY D -0.11052
81 Coble Howard NC R 0.29972   7 Cuellar Henry TX D 1.48994
82 Cleaver Emanuel MO D 0.29706   378 Culberson John TX R -1.0724
83 Marino Tom PA R 0.2933   345 Cummings Elijah MD D -0.84703
84 Guthrie Brett KY R 0.29315   360 Daines Steve MT R -0.94905
85 Kirkpatrick Ann AZ D 0.27807   26 Davis Rodney IL R 0.83803
86 Upton Fred MI R 0.2742   311 Davis Susan CA D -0.75559
87 Bustos Cheri IL D 0.27108   344 Davis Danny IL D -0.84629
88 Shuster Bill PA R 0.26449   238 DeFazio Peter OR D -0.44015
89 Posey Bill FL R 0.25718   98 DeGette Diana CO D 0.21098
90 Peters Gary MI D 0.25026   140 Delaney John MD D 0.00901
91 Carney John DE D 0.25022   396 DeLauro Rosa CT D -1.12682
92 Luján Ben NM D 0.24852   173 DelBene Suzan WA D -0.19733
93 Bachus Spencer AL R 0.24067   73 Denham Jeff CA R 0.36739
94 Engel Eliot NY D 0.2375   11 Dent Charlie PA R 1.26323
95 Coffman Mike CO R 0.23512   371 DeSantis Ron FL R -1.02635
96 Granger Kay TX R 0.21398   414 DesJarlais Scott TN R -1.43109
97 Cole Tom OK R 0.21205   269 Deutch Ted FL D -0.56361
98 DeGette Diana CO D 0.21098   230 Doggett Lloyd TX D -0.42038
99 Sires Albio NJ D 0.20075   76 Doyle Mike PA D 0.35947
100 Maloney Sean NY D 0.20036   39 Duckworth Tammy IL D 0.74216
101 McCollum Betty MN D 0.19824   319 Duffy Sean WI R -0.77962
102 Rigell Scott VA R 0.18338   109 Duncan John TN R 0.1597
103 Vela Filemon TX D 0.18199   411 Duncan Jeff SC R -1.36428
104 Miller Jeff FL R 0.18194   421 Edwards Donna MD D -1.66006
105 Turner Mike OH R 0.17187   368 Ellison Keith MN D -1.0174
106 Costa Jim CA D 0.16635   146 Ellmers Renee NC R -0.01708
107 Bishop Tim NY D 0.16609   94 Engel Eliot NY D 0.2375
108 Courtney Joe CT D 0.16576   128 Enyart Bill IL D 0.03324
109 Duncan John TN R 0.1597   142 Eshoo Anna CA D 0.00152
110 Braley Bruce IA D 0.14832   237 Esty Elizabeth CT D -0.43902
111 Frelinghuysen Rodney NJ R 0.14592   303 Faleomavaega Eni AS D -0.73126
112 Miller Candice MI R 0.14215   250 Farenthold Blake TX R -0.48675
113 Roskam Peter IL R 0.12937   129 Farr Sam CA D 0.03194
114 Blumenauer Earl OR D 0.11349   287 Fattah Chaka PA D -0.66075
115 Hultgren Randy IL R 0.10607   298 Fincher Stephen TN R -0.70246
116 Meeks Gregory NY D 0.10402   6 Fitzpatrick Mike PA R 1.53753
117 Rogers Mike MI R 0.10378   393 Fleischmann Chuck TN R -1.11551
118 O'Rourke Beto TX D 0.10174   401 Fleming John LA R -1.20126
119 Nolan Rick MN D 0.08951   309 Flores Bill TX R -0.75167
120 Nunnelee Alan MS R 0.0834   266 Forbes J. Randy VA R -0.54866
121 McGovern Jim MA D 0.07671   198 Fortenberry Jeff NE R -0.26734
122 Higgins Brian NY D 0.07508   197 Foster Bill IL D -0.267
123 Beatty Joyce OH D 0.07472   227 Foxx Virginia NC R -0.39366
124 Lofgren Zoe CA D 0.07095   249 Frankel Lois FL D -0.48599
125 Murphy Tim PA R 0.06466   214 Franks Trent AZ R -0.33525
126 Latta Bob OH R 0.05439   111 Frelinghuysen Rodney NJ R 0.14592
127 Hurt Robert VA R 0.03695   358 Fudge Marcia OH D -0.94074
128 Enyart Bill IL D 0.03324   44 Gabbard Tulsi HI D 0.71825
129 Farr Sam CA D 0.03194   291 Gallego Pete TX D -0.67883
130 Bera Ami CA D 0.03104   256 Garamendi John CA D -0.49753
131 McCaul Michael TX R 0.02932   61 Garcia Joe FL D 0.54493
132 Shimkus John IL R 0.02931   276 Gardner Cory CO R -0.59763
133 Poe Ted TX R 0.02512   283 Garrett Scott NJ R -0.64006
134 Nunes Devin CA R 0.02335   14 Gerlach Jim PA R 1.10905
135 Ribble Reid WI R 0.01908   248 Gibbs Bob OH R -0.48411
136 Ruiz Raul CA D 0.01492   1 Gibson Chris NY R 2.27089
137 Wilson Joe SC R 0.01461   341 Gingrey Phil GA R -0.84128
138 Swalwell Eric CA D 0.01368   418 Gohmert Louie TX R -1.49951
139 Burgess Michael TX R 0.01062   141 Goodlatte Bob VA R 0.00222
140 Delaney John MD D 0.00901   168 Gosar Paul AZ R -0.14755
141 Goodlatte Bob VA R 0.00222   406 Gowdy Trey SC R -1.30582
142 Eshoo Anna CA D 0.00152   96 Granger Kay TX R 0.21398
143 Moran Jim VA D -0.00447   220 Graves Sam MO R -0.3498
144 Thompson Bennie MS D -0.0126   326 Graves Tom GA R -0.80318
145 Barton Joe TX R -0.01645   388 Grayson Alan FL D -1.11016
146 Ellmers Renee NC R -0.01708   78 Green Gene TX D 0.33848
147 Hoyer Steny MD D -0.0194   306 Green Al TX D -0.73801
148 Titus Dina NV D -0.02128   317 Griffin Tim AR R -0.77289
149 Maffei Dan NY D -0.02294   235 Griffith Morgan VA R -0.43679
150 Herrera Beutler Jaime WA R -0.0246   410 Grijalva Raúl AZ D -1.34801
151 Benishek Dan MI R -0.03183   3 Grimm Michael NY R 2.20292
152 Cartwright Matt PA D -0.04894   84 Guthrie Brett KY R 0.29315
153 Larson John CT D -0.05052   364 Hahn Janice CA D -0.99957
154 Maloney Carolyn NY D -0.05328   212 Hall Ralph TX R -0.32524
155 Massie Thomas KY R -0.06253   271 Hanabusa Colleen HI D -0.56575
156 Welch Peter VT D -0.06492   5 Hanna Richard NY R 1.75808
157 Wittman Rob VA R -0.074   77 Harper Gregg MS R 0.35603
158 Simpson Mike ID R -0.08372   399 Harris Andy MD R -1.18254
159 Bilirakis Gus FL R -0.09588   253 Hartzler Vicky MO R -0.49365
160 Pittenger Robert NC R -0.09845   255 Hastings Alcee FL D -0.49531
161 Capito Shelley WV R -0.10377   310 Hastings Doc WA R -0.75443
162 Crowley Joseph NY D -0.11052   29 Heck Joe NV R 0.82552
163 Connolly Gerry VA D -0.11206   240 Heck Denny WA D -0.45289
164 Johnson Bill OH R -0.11224   150 Herrera Beutler Jaime WA R -0.0246
165 Collins Chris NY R -0.11423   122 Higgins Brian NY D 0.07508
166 Jenkins Lynn KS R -0.13182   335 Himes Jim CT D -0.82248
167 Buchanan Vern FL R -0.13642   334 Hinojosa Rubén TX D -0.82003
168 Gosar Paul AZ R -0.14755   241 Holding George NC R -0.45391
169 Barletta Lou PA R -0.1594   387 Holt Rush NJ D -1.10603
170 Bass Karen CA D -0.17486   380 Honda Mike CA D -1.08056
171 Larsen Rick WA D -0.17895   188 Horsford Steven NV D -0.25486
172 Andrews Rob NJ D -0.18639   147 Hoyer Steny MD D -0.0194
173 DelBene Suzan WA D -0.19733   223 Hudson Richard NC R -0.36879
174 McCarthy Kevin CA R -0.19959   422 Huelskamp Tim KS R -1.74617
175 Smith Lamar TX R -0.1997   331 Huffman Jared CA D -0.81735
176 Bonamici Suzanne OR D -0.20544   294 Huizenga Bill MI R -0.68805
177 Walden Greg OR R -0.2124   115 Hultgren Randy IL R 0.10607
178 Quigley Mike IL D -0.21679   43 Hunter Duncan CA R 0.73419
179 Vargas Juan CA D -0.21847   127 Hurt Robert VA R 0.03695
180 Kline John MN R -0.21962   183 Israel Steve NY D -0.23399
181 Sánchez Linda CA D -0.22405   65 Issa Darrell CA R 0.48522
182 Meadows Mark NC R -0.22478   373 Jackson Lee Sheila TX D -1.04388
183 Israel Steve NY D -0.23399   228 Jeffries Hakeem NY D -0.39519
184 Clark Katherine MA D -0.23559   166 Jenkins Lynn KS R -0.13182
185 Amash Justin MI R -0.24363   164 Johnson Bill OH R -0.11224
186 Bucshon Larry IN R -0.24571   195 Johnson Hank GA D -0.26441
187 Keating Bill MA D -0.25004   281 Johnson Eddie TX D -0.63366
188 Horsford Steven NV D -0.25486   314 Johnson Sam TX R -0.76921
189 Amodei Mark NV R -0.25496   40 Jones Walter NC R 0.738
190 Pitts Joe PA R -0.25658   251 Jordan Jim OH R -0.48808
191 Brownley Julia CA D -0.25698   13 Joyce Dave OH R 1.15114
192 Calvert Ken CA R -0.25717   205 Kaptur Marcy OH D -0.29338
193 Young Todd IN R -0.26198   187 Keating Bill MA D -0.25004
194 Chaffetz Jason UT R -0.26233   305 Kelly Mike PA R -0.73629
195 Johnson Hank GA D -0.26441   342 Kelly Robin IL D -0.84365
196 Nugent Rich FL R -0.2659   57 Kennedy Joe MA D 0.58741
197 Foster Bill IL D -0.267   272 Kildee Dan MI D -0.5699
198 Fortenberry Jeff NE R -0.26734   60 Kilmer Derek WA D 0.54963
199 Rogers Mike AL R -0.27359   18 Kind Ron WI D 0.98526
200 Luetkemeyer Blaine MO R -0.27366   2 King Pete NY R 2.26093
201 Barr Andy KY R -0.27916   405 King Steve IA R -1.27816
202 McMorris Rodgers Cathy WA R -0.28475   400 Kingston Jack GA R -1.20083
203 Matsui Doris CA D -0.28911   35 Kinzinger Adam IL R 0.778
204 Loebsack Dave IA D -0.29095   85 Kirkpatrick Ann AZ D 0.27807
205 Kaptur Marcy OH D -0.29338   180 Kline John MN R -0.21962
206 Tonko Paul NY D -0.29768   221 Kuster Ann NH D -0.35004
207 Yoder Kevin KS R -0.30905   261 Labrador Raúl ID R -0.52502
208 Sanchez Loretta CA D -0.31155   70 LaMalfa Doug CA R 0.38421
209 Conaway Mike TX R -0.32153   384 Lamborn Doug CO R -1.09291
210 Walorski Jackie IN R -0.32199   55 Lance Leonard NJ R 0.59694
211 Sarbanes John MD D -0.32379   290 Langevin Jim RI D -0.67493
212 Hall Ralph TX R -0.32524   370 Lankford James OK R -1.02371
213 Castor Kathy FL D -0.33169   171 Larsen Rick WA D -0.17895
214 Franks Trent AZ R -0.33525   153 Larson John CT D -0.05052
215 Levin Sandy MI D -0.33549   31 Latham Tom IA R 0.79689
216 Brady Kevin TX R -0.33724   126 Latta Bob OH R 0.05439
217 Lynch Stephen MA D -0.34386   381 Lee Barbara CA D -1.08666
218 Boustany Charles LA R -0.34507   215 Levin Sandy MI D -0.33549
219 Womack Steve AR R -0.34781   338 Lewis John GA D -0.82711
220 Graves Sam MO R -0.3498   16 Lipinski Dan IL D 1.06167
221 Kuster Ann NH D -0.35004   15 LoBiondo Frank NJ R 1.0661
222 Olson Pete TX R -0.35726   204 Loebsack Dave IA D -0.29095
223 Hudson Richard NC R -0.36879   124 Lofgren Zoe CA D 0.07095
224 Wagner Ann MO R -0.36938   323 Long Billy MO R -0.79142
225 Lummis Cynthia WY R -0.37373   404 Lowenthal Alan CA D -1.21699
226 Terry Lee NE R -0.38387   262 Lowey Nita NY D -0.53085
227 Foxx Virginia NC R -0.39366   340 Lucas Frank OK R -0.83033
228 Jeffries Hakeem NY D -0.39519   200 Luetkemeyer Blaine MO R -0.27366
229 Schwartz Allyson PA D -0.41441   92 Luján Ben NM D 0.24852
230 Doggett Lloyd TX D -0.42038   284 Lujan Grisham Michelle NM D -0.64289
231 Van Hollen Chris MD D -0.42323   225 Lummis Cynthia WY R -0.37373
232 Schiff Adam CA D -0.42622   217 Lynch Stephen MA D -0.34386
233 Meng Grace NY D -0.43181   149 Maffei Dan NY D -0.02294
234 Price David NC D -0.43522   100 Maloney Sean NY D 0.20036
235 Griffith Morgan VA R -0.43679   154 Maloney Carolyn NY D -0.05328
236 Richmond Cedric LA D -0.43835   413 Marchant Kenny TX R -1.4086
237 Esty Elizabeth CT D -0.43902   83 Marino Tom PA R 0.2933
238 DeFazio Peter OR D -0.44015   155 Massie Thomas KY R -0.06253
239 Cassidy Bill LA R -0.44253   9 Matheson Jim UT D 1.40457
240 Heck Denny WA D -0.45289   203 Matsui Doris CA D -0.28911
241 Holding George NC R -0.45391   374 McAllister Vance LA R -1.0493
242 Collins Doug GA R -0.45534   174 McCarthy Kevin CA R -0.19959
243 Polis Jared CO D -0.45618   301 McCarthy Carolyn NY D -0.72518
244 Ryan Paul WI R -0.46636   131 McCaul Michael TX R 0.02932
245 Speier Jackie CA D -0.46655   377 McClintock Tom CA R -1.07027
246 Castro Joaquin TX D -0.46958   101 McCollum Betty MN D 0.19824
247 McNerney Jerry CA D -0.4717   327 McDermott Jim WA D -0.80379
248 Gibbs Bob OH R -0.48411   121 McGovern Jim MA D 0.07671
249 Frankel Lois FL D -0.48599   321 McHenry Patrick NC R -0.78715
250 Farenthold Blake TX R -0.48675   37 McIntyre Mike NC D 0.77122
251 Jordan Jim OH R -0.48808   62 McKeon Buck CA R 0.52823
252 Perry Scott PA R -0.48855   48 McKinley David WV R 0.67801
253 Hartzler Vicky MO R -0.49365   202 McMorris Rodgers Cathy WA R -0.28475
254 Pompeo Mike KS R -0.49418   247 McNerney Jerry CA D -0.4717
255 Hastings Alcee FL D -0.49531   182 Meadows Mark NC R -0.22478
256 Garamendi John CA D -0.49753   36 Meehan Pat PA R 0.77429
257 Cárdenas Tony CA D -0.49833   116 Meeks Gregory NY D 0.10402
258 Capps Lois CA D -0.50299   233 Meng Grace NY D -0.43181
259 Scott David GA D -0.51495   416 Messer Luke IN R -1.48456
260 Carter John TX R -0.52085   69 Michaud Mike ME D 0.39673
261 Labrador Raúl ID R -0.52502   33 Miller Gary CA R 0.78949
262 Lowey Nita NY D -0.53085   104 Miller Jeff FL R 0.18194
263 Pierluisi Pedro PR D -0.53282   112 Miller Candice MI R 0.14215
264 Pallone Frank NJ D -0.53532   392 Miller George CA D -1.11379
265 Smith Adam WA D -0.54543   376 Moore Gwen WI D -1.06241
266 Forbes J. Randy VA R -0.54866   143 Moran Jim VA D -0.00447
267 Slaughter Louise NY D -0.55937   357 Mullin Markwayne OK R -0.93198
268 Capuano Michael MA D -0.56031   363 Mulvaney Mick SC R -0.96667
269 Deutch Ted FL D -0.56361   19 Murphy Patrick FL D 0.96725
270 Bordallo Madeleine GU D -0.56542   125 Murphy Tim PA R 0.06466
271 Hanabusa Colleen HI D -0.56575   386 Nadler Jerry NY D -1.09959
272 Kildee Dan MI D -0.5699   391 Napolitano Grace CA D -1.11364
273 Bachmann Michele MN R -0.57978   274 Neal Richard MA D -0.58108
274 Neal Richard MA D -0.58108   304 Negrete McLeod Gloria CA D -0.73187
275 Veasey Marc TX D -0.59465   359 Neugebauer Randy TX R -0.9461
276 Gardner Cory CO R -0.59763   299 Noem Kristi SD R -0.70392
277 Ross Dennis FL R -0.61217   119 Nolan Rick MN D 0.08951
278 Aderholt Robert AL R -0.61558   409 Norton Eleanor DC D -1.32595
279 Bentivolio Kerry MI R -0.62489   196 Nugent Rich FL R -0.2659
280 Rogers Hal KY R -0.63356   134 Nunes Devin CA R 0.02335
281 Johnson Eddie TX D -0.63366   120 Nunnelee Alan MS R 0.0834
282 Peters Scott CA D -0.63834   222 Olson Pete TX R -0.35726
283 Garrett Scott NJ R -0.64006   118 O'Rourke Beto TX D 0.10174
284 Lujan Grisham Michelle NM D -0.64289   41 Owens Bill NY D 0.73584
285 Bridenstine Jim OK R -0.65179   296 Palazzo Steven MS R -0.6891
286 Campbell John CA R -0.66042   264 Pallone Frank NJ D -0.53532
287 Fattah Chaka PA D -0.66075   47 Pascrell Bill NJ D 0.6869
288 Sessions Pete TX R -0.6663   68 Paulsen Erik MN R 0.42932
289 Radel Trey FL R -0.66931   293 Payne Donald NJ D -0.68712
290 Langevin Jim RI D -0.67493   351 Pearce Steve NM R -0.87635
291 Gallego Pete TX D -0.67883   23 Perlmutter Ed CO D 0.90054
292 Clay William MO D -0.68233   252 Perry Scott PA R -0.48855
293 Payne Donald NJ D -0.68712   90 Peters Gary MI D 0.25026
294 Huizenga Bill MI R -0.68805   282 Peters Scott CA D -0.63834
295 Roe Phil TN R -0.68841   21 Petri Tom WI R 0.92669
296 Palazzo Steven MS R -0.6891   263 Pierluisi Pedro PR D -0.53282
297 Camp Dave MI R -0.70096   320 Pingree Chellie ME D -0.78578
298 Fincher Stephen TN R -0.70246   160 Pittenger Robert NC R -0.09845
299 Noem Kristi SD R -0.70392   190 Pitts Joe PA R -0.25658
300 Tierney John MA D -0.70535   390 Pocan Mark WI D -1.11359
301 McCarthy Carolyn NY D -0.72518   133 Poe Ted TX R 0.02512
302 Yoho Ted FL R -0.7256   243 Polis Jared CO D -0.45618
303 Faleomavaega Eni AS D -0.73126   254 Pompeo Mike KS R -0.49418
304 Negrete McLeod Gloria CA D -0.73187   89 Posey Bill FL R 0.25718
305 Kelly Mike PA R -0.73629   234 Price David NC D -0.43522
306 Green Al TX D -0.73801   346 Price Tom GA R -0.84832
307 Carson André IN D -0.74296   178 Quigley Mike IL D -0.21679
308 Tipton Scott CO R -0.74358   289 Radel Trey FL R -0.66931
309 Flores Bill TX R -0.75167   51 Rahall Nick WV D 0.65018
310 Hastings Doc WA R -0.75443   318 Rangel Charlie NY D -0.77445
311 Davis Susan CA D -0.75559   53 Reed Tom NY R 0.62216
312 Walberg Tim MI R -0.76002   32 Reichert Dave WA R 0.79552
313 Thornberry Mac TX R -0.76516   74 Renacci Jim OH R 0.36408
314 Johnson Sam TX R -0.76921   135 Ribble Reid WI R 0.01908
315 Westmoreland Lynn GA R -0.7718   236 Richmond Cedric LA D -0.43835
316 Stewart Chris UT R -0.77189   102 Rigell Scott VA R 0.18338
317 Griffin Tim AR R -0.77289   398 Roby Martha AL R -1.16751
318 Rangel Charlie NY D -0.77445   295 Roe Phil TN R -0.68841
319 Duffy Sean WI R -0.77962   117 Rogers Mike MI R 0.10378
320 Pingree Chellie ME D -0.78578   199 Rogers Mike AL R -0.27359
321 McHenry Patrick NC R -0.78715   280 Rogers Harold KY R -0.63356
322 Scott Bobby VA D -0.79125   50 Rohrabacher Dana CA R 0.66498
323 Long Billy MO R -0.79142   333 Rokita Todd IN R -0.81843
324 Black Diane TN R -0.79336   67 Rooney Tom FL R 0.45564
325 Brady Robert PA D -0.79381   113 Roskam Peter IL R 0.12937
326 Graves Tom GA R -0.80318   4 Ros-Lehtinen Ileana FL R 2.1125
327 McDermott Jim WA D -0.80379   277 Ross Dennis FL R -0.61217
328 Salmon Matt AZ R -0.80429   332 Rothfus Keith PA R -0.81828
329 Shea-Porter Carol NH D -0.80467   356 Roybal-Allard Lucille CA D -0.92847
330 Rush Bobby IL D -0.81331   46 Royce Ed CA R 0.71151
331 Huffman Jared CA D -0.81735   136 Ruiz Raul CA D 0.01492
332 Rothfus Keith PA R -0.81828   8 Runyan Jon NJ R 1.4699
333 Rokita Todd IN R -0.81843   330 Rush Bobby IL D -0.81331
334 Hinojosa Rubén TX D -0.82003   45 Ryan Tim OH D 0.71335
335 Himes Jim CT D -0.82248   244 Ryan Paul WI R -0.46636
336 Takano Mark CA D -0.82415   383 Sablan Gregorio MP D -1.09032
337 Brooks Mo AL R -0.8255   328 Salmon Matt AZ R -0.80429
338 Lewis John GA D -0.82711   208 Sanchez Loretta CA D -0.31155
339 Wilson Frederica FL D -0.82827   181 Sánchez Linda CA D -0.22405
340 Lucas Frank OK R -0.83033   366 Sanford Mark SC R -1.01268
341 Gingrey Phil GA R -0.84128   211 Sarbanes John MD D -0.32379
342 Kelly Robin IL D -0.84365   389 Scalise Steve LA R -1.11052
343 Cohen Steve TN D -0.84384   385 Schakowsky Jan IL D -1.09409
344 Davis Danny IL D -0.84629   232 Schiff Adam CA D -0.42622
345 Cummings Elijah MD D -0.84703   66 Schneider Bradley IL D 0.47516
346 Price Tom GA R -0.84832   25 Schock Aaron IL R 0.83888
347 Williams Roger TX R -0.8509   10 Schrader Kurt OR D 1.27908
348 Bishop Rob UT R -0.86102   229 Schwartz Allyson PA D -0.41441
349 Crawford Rick AR R -0.86728   375 Schweikert David AZ R -1.05886
350 Tsongas Niki MA D -0.86864   259 Scott David GA D -0.51495
351 Pearce Steve NM R -0.87635   322 Scott Bobby VA D -0.79125
352 Broun Paul GA R -0.87694   394 Scott Austin GA R -1.11612
353 Blackburn Marsha TN R -0.891   59 Sensenbrenner Jim WI R 0.57005
354 Chu Judy CA D -0.91042   417 Serrano José NY D -1.4846
355 Smith Adrian NE R -0.92547   288 Sessions Pete TX R -0.6663
356 Roybal-Allard Lucille CA D -0.92847   56 Sewell Terri AL D 0.5886
357 Mullin Markwayne OK R -0.93198   329 Shea-Porter Carol NH D -0.80467
358 Fudge Marcia OH D -0.94074   80 Sherman Brad CA D 0.30348
359 Neugebauer Randy TX R -0.9461   132 Shimkus John IL R 0.02931
360 Daines Steve MT R -0.94905   88 Shuster Bill PA R 0.26449
361 Yarmuth John KY D -0.96593   158 Simpson Mike ID R -0.08372
362 Cicilline David RI D -0.96626   79 Sinema Kyrsten AZ D 0.32315
363 Mulvaney Mick SC R -0.96667   99 Sires Albio NJ D 0.20075
364 Hahn Janice CA D -0.99957   267 Slaughter Louise NY D -0.55937
365 Stutzman Marlin IN R -1.00515   12 Smith Chris NJ R 1.18265
366 Sanford Mark SC R -1.01268   175 Smith Lamar TX R -0.1997
367 Clarke Yvette NY D -1.01361   265 Smith Adam WA D -0.54543
368 Ellison Keith MN D -1.0174   355 Smith Adrian NE R -0.92547
369 Southerland Steve FL R -1.01941   415 Smith Jason MO R -1.4447
370 Lankford James OK R -1.02371   369 Southerland Steve FL R -1.01941
371 DeSantis Ron FL R -1.02635   245 Speier Jackie CA D -0.46655
372 Conyers John MI D -1.03329   316 Stewart Chris UT R -0.77189
373 Jackson Lee Sheila TX D -1.04388   30 Stivers Steve OH R 0.81931
374 McAllister Vance LA R -1.0493   382 Stockman Steve TX R -1.08726
375 Schweikert David AZ R -1.05886   365 Stutzman Marlin IN R -1.00515
376 Moore Gwen WI D -1.06241   138 Swalwell Eric CA D 0.01368
377 McClintock Tom CA R -1.07027   336 Takano Mark CA D -0.82415
378 Culberson John TX R -1.0724   226 Terry Lee NE R -0.38387
379 Woodall Rob GA R -1.07638   28 Thompson Glenn PA R 0.83151
380 Honda Mike CA D -1.08056   54 Thompson Mike CA D 0.59863
381 Lee Barbara CA D -1.08666   144 Thompson Bennie MS D -0.0126
382 Stockman Steve TX R -1.08726   313 Thornberry Mac TX R -0.76516
383 Sablan Gregorio MP D -1.09032   71 Tiberi Pat OH R 0.37476
384 Lamborn Doug CO R -1.09291   300 Tierney John MA D -0.70535
385 Schakowsky Jan IL D -1.09409   308 Tipton Scott CO R -0.74358
386 Nadler Jerry NY D -1.09959   148 Titus Dina NV D -0.02128
387 Holt Rush NJ D -1.10603   206 Tonko Paul NY D -0.29768
388 Grayson Alan FL D -1.11016   350 Tsongas Niki MA D -0.86864
389 Scalise Steve LA R -1.11052   105 Turner Mike OH R 0.17187
390 Pocan Mark WI D -1.11359   86 Upton Fred MI R 0.2742
391 Napolitano Grace CA D -1.11364   72 Valadao David CA R 0.36747
392 Miller George CA D -1.11379   231 Van Hollen Chris MD D -0.42323
393 Fleischmann Chuck TN R -1.11551   179 Vargas Juan CA D -0.21847
394 Scott Austin GA R -1.11612   275 Veasey Marc TX D -0.59465
395 Cotton Tom AR R -1.11961   103 Vela Filemon TX D 0.18199
396 DeLauro Rosa CT D -1.12682   402 Velázquez Nydia NY D -1.20446
397 Webster Dan FL R -1.1666   224 Wagner Ann MO R -0.36938
398 Roby Martha AL R -1.16751   312 Walberg Tim MI R -0.76002
399 Harris Andy MD R -1.18254   177 Walden Greg OR R -0.2124
400 Kingston Jack GA R -1.20083   210 Walorski Jackie IN R -0.32199
401 Fleming John LA R -1.20126   20 Walz Tim MN D 0.95546
402 Velázquez Nydia NY D -1.20446   49 Wasserman Schultz Debbie FL D 0.66505
403 Weber Randy TX R -1.20678   408 Waters Maxine CA D -1.3184
404 Lowenthal Alan CA D -1.21699   419 Watt Mel NC D -1.50481
405 King Steve IA R -1.27816   412 Waxman Henry CA D -1.38128
406 Gowdy Trey SC R -1.30582   403 Weber Randy TX R -1.20678
407 Cramer Kevin ND R -1.3122   397 Webster Dan FL R -1.1666
408 Waters Maxine CA D -1.3184   156 Welch Peter VT D -0.06492
409 Norton Eleanor DC D -1.32595   315 Westmoreland Lynn GA R -0.7718
410 Grijalva Raúl AZ D -1.34801   22 Whitfield Ed KY R 0.91662
411 Duncan Jeff SC R -1.36428   347 Williams Roger TX R -0.8509
412 Waxman Henry CA D -1.38128   137 Wilson Joe SC R 0.01461
413 Marchant Kenny TX R -1.4086   339 Wilson Frederica FL D -0.82827
414 DesJarlais Scott TN R -1.43109   157 Wittman Rob VA R -0.074
415 Smith Jason MO R -1.4447   34 Wolf Frank VA R 0.78146
416 Messer Luke IN R -1.48456   219 Womack Steve AR R -0.34781
417 Serrano José NY D -1.4846   379 Woodall Rob GA R -1.07638
418 Gohmert Louie TX R -1.49951   361 Yarmuth John KY D -0.96593
419 Watt Mel NC D -1.50481   207 Yoder Kevin KS R -0.30905
420 Christensen Donna VI D -1.64911   302 Yoho Ted FL R -0.7256
421 Edwards Donna MD D -1.66006   38 Young Don AK R 0.74952
422 Huelskamp Tim KS R -1.74617   193 Young Todd IN R -0.26198

GovTrack data was used in the production of these scores.

Notes:

Representatives who served fewer than 10 months are excluded (Alma Adams, D-NC; Rodney Alexander, R-LA; Jo Bonner, R-AL; David Brat, R-VA; Curt Clawson, R-FL; Jo Ann Emerson, R-MO; David Jolly, R-FL; Ed Markey, D-MA; Donald Norcross, D-NJ; Bill Young, R-FL).

Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) and Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) are excluded.

Representatives sponsoring fewer than 3 qualifying bills are excluded (Xavier Becerra, D-CA; Corrine Brown, D-FL; Bradley Byrne, R-AL; Eric Cantor, R-VA; Jim Clyburn, D-SC; Mario Diaz-Balart, R-FL; John Dingell, D-MI; Luis Gutiérrez, D-IL; Jeb Hensarling, R-TX; John Mica, R-FL; Ed Pastor, D-AZ; Collin Peterson, D-MN; Tom Rice, R-SC; Dutch Ruppersberger, D-MD; Pete Visclosky, D-IN; Brad Wenstrup, R-OH).

103rd-112th Congresses: Senate Scores

                   

The Lugar Center - McCourt School Bipartisan Index

Senate Scores

103rd - 112th Congresses

112th Congress

Senator (by score)   Senator (alphabetical)
# Name State Party Score   # Name State Party Score
1 Snowe Olympia ME R 2.081488   60 Akaka Daniel HI D -0.71658
2 Collins Susan ME R 1.533183   23 Alexander Lamar TN R -0.0494
3 Murkowski Lisa AK R 1.509344   41 Ayotte Kelly NH R -0.40915
4 Manchin Joe WV D 0.869413   86 Barrasso John WY R -1.16826
5 Grassley Chuck IA R 0.728107   52 Baucus Max MT D -0.54218
6 Brown Scott MA R 0.651887   11 Begich Mark AK D 0.392413
7 Kirk Mark IL R 0.627258   51 Bennet Michael CO D -0.54173
8 Conrad Kent ND D 0.562812   32 Bingaman Jeff NM D -0.24146
9 McCaskill Claire MO D 0.495112   75 Blumenthal Richard CT D -0.93761
10 Pryor Mark AR D 0.404719   15 Blunt Roy MO R 0.223598
11 Begich Mark AK D 0.392413   19 Boozman John AR R 0.037841
12 Lieberman Joe CT D 0.389837   65 Boxer Barbara CA D -0.77756
13 Landrieu Mary LA D 0.318963   6 Brown Scott MA R 0.651887
14 Nelson Bill FL D 0.226657   87 Brown Sherrod OH D -1.19045
15 Blunt Roy MO R 0.223598   31 Burr Richard NC R -0.19975
16 Shaheen Jeanne NH D 0.198168   49 Cantwell Maria WA D -0.5206
17 Portman Rob OH R 0.185773   34 Cardin Ben MD D -0.27569
18 Nelson Ben NE D 0.147509   35 Carper Tom DE D -0.28793
19 Boozman John AR R 0.037841   73 Casey Bob PA D -0.92346
20 Isakson Johnny GA R -0.03851   85 Chambliss Saxby GA R -1.13754
21 Johnson Tim SD D -0.04288   97 Coats Dan IN R -2.00828
22 Warner Mark VA D -0.04552   36 Coburn Tom OK R -0.28924
23 Alexander Lamar TN R -0.0494   26 Cochran Thad MS R -0.10865
24 Klobuchar Amy MN D -0.05525   2 Collins Susan ME R 1.533183
25 Tester Jon MT D -0.07894   8 Conrad Kent ND D 0.562812
26 Cochran Thad MS R -0.10865   62 Coons Chris MD D -0.75225
27 Hoeven John ND R -0.11976   40 Corker Bob TN R -0.32468
28 Crapo Mike ID R -0.14587   81 Cornyn John TX R -1.0794
29 Webb Jim VA D -0.14716   28 Crapo Mike ID R -0.14587
30 Udall Mark CO D -0.19511   98 DeMint Jim SC R -2.09564
31 Burr Richard NC R -0.19975   56 Durbin Dick IL D -0.63792
32 Bingaman Jeff NM D -0.24146   50 Enzi Mike WY R -0.52546
33 Kohl Herb WI D -0.25333   57 Feinstein Dianne CA D -0.65222
34 Cardin Ben MD D -0.27569   69 Franken Al MN D -0.8607
35 Carper Tom DE D -0.28793   77 Gillibrand Kirsten NY D -0.98966
36 Coburn Tom OK R -0.28924   79 Graham Lindsey SC R -1.05669
37 Hutchison Kay TX R -0.29023   5 Grassley Chuck IA R 0.728107
38 Johanns Mike NE R -0.3044   46 Hagan Kay NC D -0.45734
39 Wyden Ron OR D -0.31321   64 Harkin Tom IA D -0.77372
40 Corker Bob TN R -0.32468   90 Hatch Orrin UT R -1.36047
41 Ayotte Kelly NH R -0.40915   43 Heller Dean NV R -0.42524
42 Thune John SD R -0.42003   27 Hoeven John ND R -0.11976
43 Heller Dean NV R -0.42524   37 Hutchison Kay TX R -0.29023
44 Stabenow Debbie MI D -0.42837   83 Inhofe Jim OK R -1.10199
45 Roberts Pat KS R -0.43788   72 Inouye Daniel HI D -0.92251
46 Hagan Kay NC D -0.45734   20 Isakson Johnny GA R -0.03851
47 Leahy Patrick VT D -0.46341   38 Johanns Mike NE R -0.3044
48 Lugar Richard IN R -0.51131   21 Johnson Tim SD D -0.04288
49 Cantwell Maria WA D -0.5206   96 Johnson Ron WI R -2.00491
50 Enzi Mike WY R -0.52546   55 Kerry John MA D -0.61321
51 Bennet Michael CO D -0.54173   7 Kirk Mark IL R 0.627258
52 Baucus Max MT D -0.54218   24 Klobuchar Amy MN D -0.05525
53 Moran Jerry KS R -0.56987   33 Kohl Herb WI D -0.25333
54 Whitehouse Sheldon RI D -0.57005   89 Kyl Jon AZ R -1.27156
55 Kerry John MA D -0.61321   13 Landrieu Mary LA D 0.318963
56 Durbin Dick IL D -0.63792   91 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -1.45787
57 Feinstein Dianne CA D -0.65222   47 Leahy Patrick VT D -0.46341
58 Reed Jack RI D -0.65399   94 Lee Mike UT R -1.81647
59 Rubio Marco FL R -0.67835   84 Levin Carl MI D -1.11181
60 Akaka Daniel HI D -0.71658   12 Lieberman Joe CT D 0.389837
61 Sessions Jeff AL R -0.71915   48 Lugar Richard IN R -0.51131
62 Coons Chris MD D -0.75225   4 Manchin Joe WV D 0.869413
63 Toomey Pat PA R -0.75798   66 McCain John AZ R -0.83075
64 Harkin Tom IA D -0.77372   9 McCaskill Claire MO D 0.495112
65 Boxer Barbara CA D -0.77756   82 Menéndez Bob NJ D -1.09034
66 McCain John AZ R -0.83075   67 Merkley Jeff OR D -0.83459
67 Merkley Jeff OR D -0.83459   68 Mikulski Barbara MD D -0.85122
68 Mikulski Barbara MD D -0.85122   53 Moran Jerry KS R -0.56987
69 Franken Al MN D -0.8607   3 Murkowski Lisa AK R 1.509344
70 Udall Tom NM D -0.87324   80 Murray Patty WA D -1.05965
71 Schumer Chuck NY D -0.89017   14 Nelson Bill FL D 0.226657
72 Inouye Daniel HI D -0.92251   18 Nelson Ben NE D 0.147509
73 Casey Bob PA D -0.92346   95 Paul Rand KY R -1.90618
74 Rockefeller Jay WV D -0.93095   17 Portman Rob OH R 0.185773
75 Blumenthal Richard CT D -0.93761   10 Pryor Mark AR D 0.404719
76 Vitter David LA R -0.97178   58 Reed Jack RI D -0.65399
77 Gillibrand Kirsten NY D -0.98966   92 Risch Jim ID R -1.63499
78 Wicker Roger MS R -1.01025   45 Roberts Pat KS R -0.43788
79 Graham Lindsey SC R -1.05669   74 Rockefeller Jay WV D -0.93095
80 Murray Patty WA D -1.05965   59 Rubio Marco FL R -0.67835
81 Cornyn John TX R -1.0794   93 Sanders Bernie VT D -1.71773
82 Menéndez Bob NJ D -1.09034   71 Schumer Chuck NY D -0.89017
83 Inhofe Jim OK R -1.10199   61 Sessions Jeff AL R -0.71915
84 Levin Carl MI D -1.11181   16 Shaheen Jeanne NH D 0.198168
85 Chambliss Saxby GA R -1.13754   88 Shelby Richard AL R -1.21059
86 Barrasso John WY R -1.16826   1 Snowe Olympia ME R 2.081488
87 Brown Sherrod OH D -1.19045   44 Stabenow Debbie MI D -0.42837
88 Shelby Richard AL R -1.21059   25 Tester Jon MT D -0.07894
89 Kyl Jon AZ R -1.27156   42 Thune John SD R -0.42003
90 Hatch Orrin UT R -1.36047   63 Toomey Pat PA R -0.75798
91 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -1.45787   30 Udall Mark CO D -0.19511
92 Risch Jim ID R -1.63499   70 Udall Tom NM D -0.87324
93 Sanders Bernie VT D -1.71773   76 Vitter David LA R -0.97178
94 Lee Mike UT R -1.81647   22 Warner Mark VA D -0.04552
95 Paul Rand KY R -1.90618   29 Webb Jim VA D -0.14716
96 Johnson Ron WI R -2.00491   54 Whitehouse Sheldon RI D -0.57005
97 Coats Dan IN R -2.00828   78 Wicker Roger MS R -1.01025
98 DeMint Jim SC R -2.09564   39 Wyden Ron OR D -0.31321
GovTrack data was used in the production of these scores.
                         
Notes:
                         
Senators who served fewer than 10 months are excluded (John Ensign, R-NV; Brian Schatz, D-HI; Tim Scott, R-SC). 
                         
Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) and Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) are excluded.  
   
   

111th Congress

Senator (by score)   Senator (alphabetical)
# Name State Party Score   # Name State Party Score
1 Snowe Olympia ME R 2.637516   39 Akaka Daniel HI D -0.15392
2 Lugar Richard IN R 2.102551   37 Alexander Lamar TN R -0.1335
3 Collins Susan ME R 2.003958   65 Barrasso John WY R -0.53507
4 Voinovich George OH R 1.96472   23 Baucus Max MT D 0.19785
5 Murkowski Lisa AK R 1.199511   13 Bayh Evan IN D 0.444763
6 Grassley Chuck IA R 1.082102   56 Begich Mark AK D -0.39899
7 Conrad Kent ND D 1.021832   85 Bennet Michael CO D -0.90316
8 Gregg Judd NH R 0.764227   72 Bennett Bob UT R -0.70213
9 Crapo Mike ID R 0.703419   36 Bingaman Jeff NM D -0.13293
10 Cochran Thad MS R 0.685287   25 Bond Kit MO R 0.161932
11 Hatch Orrin UT R 0.551959   75 Boxer Barbara CA D -0.76087
12 Lincoln Blanche AR D 0.469925   18 Brown Scott MA R 0.316876
13 Bayh Evan IN D 0.444763   34 Brown Sherrod OH D -0.0545
14 Thune John SD R 0.397185   31 Brownback Sam KS R 0.012582
15 Dorgan Byron ND D 0.378719   63 Bunning Jim KY R -0.51324
16 Ensign John NV R 0.365479   22 Burr Richard NC R 0.283684
17 Enzi Mike WY R 0.345669   97 Burris Roland IL D -1.46384
18 Brown Scott MA R 0.316876   77 Byrd Robert WV D -0.7914
19 Johanns Mike NE R 0.307286   68 Cantwell Maria WA D -0.60268
20 Nelson Ben NE D 0.295855   67 Cardin Ben MD D -0.55949
21 LeMieux George FL R 0.29253   49 Carper Tom DE D -0.31705
22 Burr Richard NC R 0.283684   95 Casey Bob PA D -1.24687
23 Baucus Max MT D 0.19785   55 Chambliss Saxby GA R -0.39221
24 Landrieu Mary LA D 0.195274   88 Coburn Tom OK R -1.06829
25 Bond Kit MO R 0.161932   10 Cochran Thad MS R 0.685287
26 Lieberman Joe CT D 0.105543   3 Collins Susan ME R 2.003958
27 Nelson Bill FL D 0.104082   7 Conrad Kent ND D 1.021832
28 McCaskill Claire MO D 0.089682   30 Corker Bob TN R 0.040318
29 McCain John AZ R 0.056456   66 Cornyn John TX R -0.54
30 Corker Bob TN R 0.040318   9 Crapo Mike ID R 0.703419
31 Brownback Sam KS R 0.012582   98 DeMint Jim SC R -1.84915
32 Hutchison Kay TX R 0.008974   73 Dodd Chris CT D -0.7232
33 Isakson Johnny GA R -0.05154   15 Dorgan Byron ND D 0.378719
34 Brown Sherrod OH D -0.0545   57 Durbin Dick IL D -0.43106
35 Graham Lindsey SC R -0.10075   16 Ensign John NV R 0.365479
36 Bingaman Jeff NM D -0.13293   17 Enzi Mike WY R 0.345669
37 Alexander Lamar TN R -0.1335   52 Feingold Russ WI D -0.35243
38 Pryor Mark AR D -0.13924   83 Feinstein Dianne CA D -0.87923
39 Akaka Daniel HI D -0.15392   71 Franken Al MN D -0.65362
40 Leahy Patrick VT D -0.20408   96 Gillibrand Kirsten NY D -1.38419
41 Shaheen Jeanne NH D -0.24298   35 Graham Lindsey SC R -0.10075
42 Johnson Tim SD D -0.24317   6 Grassley Chuck IA R 1.082102
43 Roberts Pat KS R -0.24327   8 Gregg Judd NH R 0.764227
44 Kohl Herb WI D -0.26205   84 Hagan Kay NC D -0.88445
45 Mikulski Barbara MD D -0.27657   46 Harkin Tom IA D -0.28458
46 Harkin Tom IA D -0.28458   11 Hatch Orrin UT R 0.551959
47 Kerry John MA D -0.31083   32 Hutchison Kay TX R 0.008974
48 Webb Jim VA D -0.31156   81 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.81905
49 Carper Tom DE D -0.31705   76 Inouye Daniel HI D -0.77691
50 Klobuchar Amy MN D -0.32023   33 Isakson Johnny GA R -0.05154
51 Wyden Ron OR D -0.35241   19 Johanns Mike NE R 0.307286
52 Feingold Russ WI D -0.35243   42 Johnson Tim SD D -0.24317
53 Warner Mark VA D -0.36639   64 Kaufman Ted DE D -0.53238
54 Wicker Roger MS R -0.37067   47 Kerry John MA D -0.31083
55 Chambliss Saxby GA R -0.39221   50 Klobuchar Amy MN D -0.32023
56 Begich Mark AK D -0.39899   44 Kohl Herb WI D -0.26205
57 Durbin Dick IL D -0.43106   86 Kyl Jon AZ R -1.04074
58 Rockefeller Jay WV D -0.45928   24 Landrieu Mary LA D 0.195274
59 Stabenow Debbie MI D -0.47264   92 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -1.15806
60 Tester Jon MT D -0.48152   40 Leahy Patrick VT D -0.20408
61 Sessions Jeff AL R -0.50229   21 LeMieux George FL R 0.29253
62 Vitter David LA R -0.50416   90 Levin Carl MI D -1.07376
63 Bunning Jim KY R -0.51324   26 Lieberman Joe CT D 0.105543
64 Kaufman Ted DE D -0.53238   12 Lincoln Blanche AR D 0.469925
65 Barrasso John WY R -0.53507   2 Lugar Richard IN R 2.102551
66 Cornyn John TX R -0.54   29 McCain John AZ R 0.056456
67 Cardin Ben MD D -0.55949   28 McCaskill Claire MO D 0.089682
68 Cantwell Maria WA D -0.60268   94 Menéndez Bob NJ D -1.17711
69 Udall Mark CO D -0.63468   79 Merkley Jeff OR D -0.79883
70 Schumer Chuck NY D -0.65208   45 Mikulski Barbara MD D -0.27657
71 Franken Al MN D -0.65362   5 Murkowski Lisa AK R 1.199511
72 Bennett Bob UT R -0.70213   74 Murray Patty WA D -0.75717
73 Dodd Chris CT D -0.7232   20 Nelson Ben NE D 0.295855
74 Murray Patty WA D -0.75717   27 Nelson Bill FL D 0.104082
75 Boxer Barbara CA D -0.76087   38 Pryor Mark AR D -0.13924
76 Inouye Daniel HI D -0.77691   82 Reed Jack RI D -0.8462
77 Byrd Robert WV D -0.7914   80 Risch Jim ID R -0.81773
78 Whitehouse Sheldon RI D -0.79176   43 Roberts Pat KS R -0.24327
79 Merkley Jeff OR D -0.79883   58 Rockefeller Jay WV D -0.45928
80 Risch Jim ID R -0.81773   91 Sanders Bernie VT D -1.12887
81 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.81905   70 Schumer Chuck NY D -0.65208
82 Reed Jack RI D -0.8462   61 Sessions Jeff AL R -0.50229
83 Feinstein Dianne CA D -0.87923   41 Shaheen Jeanne NH D -0.24298
84 Hagan Kay NC D -0.88445   87 Shelby Richard AL R -1.04134
85 Bennet Michael CO D -0.90316   1 Snowe Olympia ME R 2.637516
86 Kyl Jon AZ R -1.04074   89 Specter Arlen PA D -1.06881
87 Shelby Richard AL R -1.04134   59 Stabenow Debbie MI D -0.47264
88 Coburn Tom OK R -1.06829   60 Tester Jon MT D -0.48152
89 Specter Arlen PA D -1.06881   14 Thune John SD R 0.397185
90 Levin Carl MI D -1.07376   69 Udall Mark CO D -0.63468
91 Sanders Bernie VT D -1.12887   93 Udall Tom NM D -1.16001
92 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -1.15806   62 Vitter David LA R -0.50416
93 Udall Tom NM D -1.16001   4 Voinovich George OH R 1.96472
94 Menéndez Bob NJ D -1.17711   53 Warner Mark VA D -0.36639
95 Casey Bob PA D -1.24687   48 Webb Jim VA D -0.31156
96 Gillibrand Kirsten NY D -1.38419   78 Whitehouse Sheldon RI D -0.79176
97 Burris Roland IL D -1.46384   54 Wicker Roger MS R -0.37067
98 DeMint Jim SC R -1.84915   51 Wyden Ron OR D -0.35241
GovTrack data was used in the production of these scores.
                         
Notes:
                         
Senators who served fewer than 10 months are excluded (Joe Biden, D-DE; Hillary Clinton, D-NY; Chris Coons, D-DE; Carte Goodwin, D-WV; Ted Kennedy, D-MA; Mark Kirk, R-IL; Paul Kirk, D-MA; Joe Manchin, D-WV; Mel Martinez, R-FL; Ken Salazar, D-CO). 
                         
Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) and Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) are excluded.  
   
   

110th Congress

Senator (by score)   Senator (alphabetical)
# Name State Party Score   # Name State Party Score
1 Smith Gordon OR R 2.718033   70 Akaka Daniel HI D -0.0709
2 Snowe Olympia ME R 2.058388   55 Alexander Lamar TN R 0.151519
3 Lugar Richard IN R 1.889898   40 Allard Wayne CO R 0.329681
4 Lincoln Blanche AR D 1.707906   92 Barrasso John WY R -0.89613
5 Specter Arlen PA R 1.663065   28 Baucus Max MT D 0.676827
6 Domenici Pete NM R 1.637686   32 Bayh Evan IN D 0.517205
7 Collins Susan ME R 1.542245   84 Bennett Bob UT R -0.49748
8 Warner John VA R 1.512425   31 Biden Joe DE D 0.556175
9 Conrad Kent ND D 1.372446   13 Bingaman Jeff NM D 1.140003
10 Coleman Norm MN R 1.348349   16 Bond Kit MO R 0.932699
11 Grassley Chuck IA R 1.334054   88 Boxer Barbara CA D -0.65327
12 Nelson Ben NE D 1.321263   75 Brown Sherrod OH D -0.27162
13 Bingaman Jeff NM D 1.140003   44 Brownback Sam KS R 0.247898
14 Hatch Orrin UT R 1.123483   35 Bunning Jim KY R 0.474514
15 Hagel Chuck NE R 1.105567   71 Burr Richard NC R -0.15464
16 Bond Kit MO R 0.932699   94 Byrd Robert WV D -0.95158
17 Cochran Thad MS R 0.862258   43 Cantwell Maria WA D 0.248778
18 McCain John AZ R 0.854752   36 Cardin Ben MD D 0.445769
19 Lieberman Joe CT D 0.825711   20 Carper Tom DE D 0.803081
20 Carper Tom DE D 0.803081   66 Casey Bob PA D 0.009973
21 Wyden Ron OR D 0.78914   54 Chambliss Saxby GA R 0.154351
22 Voinovich George OH R 0.786521   76 Clinton Hillary NY D -0.30454
23 Salazar Ken CO D 0.729451   98 Coburn Tom OK R -1.38334
24 Stevens Ted AK R 0.725641   17 Cochran Thad MS R 0.862258
25 Leahy Patrick VT D 0.703892   10 Coleman Norm MN R 1.348349
26 Johnson Tim SD D 0.68741   7 Collins Susan ME R 1.542245
27 Pryor Mark AR D 0.678772   9 Conrad Kent ND D 1.372446
28 Baucus Max MT D 0.676827   60 Corker Bob TN R 0.109245
29 Landrieu Mary LA D 0.648046   79 Cornyn John TX R -0.40268
30 Harkin Tom IA D 0.565903   81 Craig Larry ID R -0.43577
31 Biden Joe DE D 0.556175   34 Crapo Mike ID R 0.483655
32 Bayh Evan IN D 0.517205   99 DeMint Jim SC R -2.03566
33 Webb Jim VA D 0.489339   67 Dodd Chris CT D -0.0047
34 Crapo Mike ID R 0.483655   46 Dole Elizabeth NC R 0.23186
35 Bunning Jim KY R 0.474514   6 Domenici Pete NM R 1.637686
36 Cardin Ben MD D 0.445769   38 Dorgan Byron ND D 0.40366
37 Nelson Bill FL D 0.405631   56 Durbin Dick IL D 0.150868
38 Dorgan Byron ND D 0.40366   61 Ensign John NV R 0.107549
39 Thune John SD R 0.345901   59 Enzi Mike WY R 0.115882
40 Allard Wayne CO R 0.329681   72 Feingold Russ WI D -0.16007
41 Kerry John MA D 0.276677   63 Feinstein Dianne CA D 0.066608
42 Hutchison Kay TX R 0.261282   73 Graham Lindsey SC R -0.20966
43 Cantwell Maria WA D 0.248778   11 Grassley Chuck IA R 1.334054
44 Brownback Sam KS R 0.247898   64 Gregg Judd NH R 0.061546
45 Klobuchar Amy MN D 0.246509   15 Hagel Chuck NE R 1.105567
46 Dole Elizabeth NC R 0.23186   30 Harkin Tom IA D 0.565903
47 Rockefeller Jay WV D 0.228783   14 Hatch Orrin UT R 1.123483
48 Reed Jack RI D 0.222883   42 Hutchison Kay TX R 0.261282
49 Kennedy Ted MA D 0.218964   91 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.81195
50 Stabenow Debbie MI D 0.204984   53 Inouye Daniel HI D 0.156951
51 Martinez Mel FL R 0.202842   74 Isakson Johnny GA R -0.24732
52 Sununu John NH R 0.195769   26 Johnson Tim SD D 0.68741
53 Inouye Daniel HI D 0.156951   49 Kennedy Ted MA D 0.218964
54 Chambliss Saxby GA R 0.154351   41 Kerry John MA D 0.276677
55 Alexander Lamar TN R 0.151519   45 Klobuchar Amy MN D 0.246509
56 Durbin Dick IL D 0.150868   65 Kohl Herb WI D 0.060078
57 Murkowski Lisa AK R 0.122407   96 Kyl Jon AZ R -1.05846
58 Lott Trent MS R 0.122203   29 Landrieu Mary LA D 0.648046
59 Enzi Mike WY R 0.115882   77 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -0.32126
60 Corker Bob TN R 0.109245   25 Leahy Patrick VT D 0.703892
61 Ensign John NV R 0.107549   87 Levin Carl MI D -0.52979
62 Mikulski Barbara MD D 0.067395   19 Lieberman Joe CT D 0.825711
63 Feinstein Dianne CA D 0.066608   4 Lincoln Blanche AR D 1.707906
64 Gregg Judd NH R 0.061546   58 Lott Trent MS R 0.122203
65 Kohl Herb WI D 0.060078   3 Lugar Richard IN R 1.889898
66 Casey Bob PA D 0.009973   51 Martinez Mel FL R 0.202842
67 Dodd Chris CT D -0.0047   18 McCain John AZ R 0.854752
68 Roberts Pat KS R -0.00994   69 McCaskill Claire MO D -0.01456
69 McCaskill Claire MO D -0.01456   93 Menéndez Bob NJ D -0.90422
70 Akaka Daniel HI D -0.0709   62 Mikulski Barbara MD D 0.067395
71 Burr Richard NC R -0.15464   57 Murkowski Lisa AK R 0.122407
72 Feingold Russ WI D -0.16007   78 Murray Patty WA D -0.36781
73 Graham Lindsey SC R -0.20966   12 Nelson Ben NE D 1.321263
74 Isakson Johnny GA R -0.24732   37 Nelson Bill FL D 0.405631
75 Brown Sherrod OH D -0.27162   82 Obama Barack IL D -0.44295
76 Clinton Hillary NY D -0.30454   27 Pryor Mark AR D 0.678772
77 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -0.32126   48 Reed Jack RI D 0.222883
78 Murray Patty WA D -0.36781   68 Roberts Pat KS R -0.00994
79 Cornyn John TX R -0.40268   47 Rockefeller Jay WV D 0.228783
80 Tester Jon MT D -0.4053   23 Salazar Ken CO D 0.729451
81 Craig Larry ID R -0.43577   83 Sanders Bernie VT D -0.49134
82 Obama Barack IL D -0.44295   85 Schumer Chuck NY D -0.50865
83 Sanders Bernie VT D -0.49134   86 Sessions Jeff AL R -0.50906
84 Bennett Bob UT R -0.49748   97 Shelby Richard AL R -1.09441
85 Schumer Chuck NY D -0.50865   1 Smith Gordon OR R 2.718033
86 Sessions Jeff AL R -0.50906   2 Snowe Olympia ME R 2.058388
87 Levin Carl MI D -0.52979   5 Specter Arlen PA R 1.663065
88 Boxer Barbara CA D -0.65327   50 Stabenow Debbie MI D 0.204984
89 Vitter David LA R -0.76557   24 Stevens Ted AK R 0.725641
90 Whitehouse Sheldon RI D -0.80056   52 Sununu John NH R 0.195769
91 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.81195   80 Tester Jon MT D -0.4053
92 Barrasso John WY R -0.89613   39 Thune John SD R 0.345901
93 Menéndez Bob NJ D -0.90422   89 Vitter David LA R -0.76557
94 Byrd Robert WV D -0.95158   22 Voinovich George OH R 0.786521
95 Wicker Roger MS R -0.96495   8 Warner John VA R 1.512425
96 Kyl Jon AZ R -1.05846   33 Webb Jim VA D 0.489339
97 Shelby Richard AL R -1.09441   90 Whitehouse Sheldon RI D -0.80056
98 Coburn Tom OK R -1.38334   95 Wicker Roger MS R -0.96495
99 DeMint Jim SC R -2.03566   21 Wyden Ron OR D 0.78914
GovTrack data was used in the production of these scores.
                         
Notes:
                         
Senators who served fewer than 10 months are excluded (Craig Thomas, R-WY).      
                         
Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) and Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) are excluded.  
   
   

109th Congress

Senator (by score)   Senator (alphabetical)
# Name State Party Score   # Name State Party Score
1 Chafee Lincoln RI R 2.60232   75 Akaka Daniel HI D -0.47411
2 Smith Gordon OR R 2.122527   59 Alexander Lamar TN R -0.1165
3 Collins Susan ME R 1.949349   25 Allard Wayne CO R 0.437609
4 Snowe Olympia ME R 1.700494   53 Allen George VA R -0.05458
5 Cochran Thad MS R 1.553067   23 Baucus Max MT D 0.573201
6 Lugar Richard IN R 1.51523   51 Bayh Evan IN D -0.00264
7 Grassley Chuck IA R 1.427198   60 Bennett Bob UT R -0.12631
8 Gregg Judd NH R 1.278922   42 Biden Joe DE D 0.183968
9 Domenici Pete NM R 1.23841   14 Bingaman Jeff NM D 0.883913
10 Coleman Norm MN R 1.194602   32 Bond Kit MO R 0.308877
11 DeWine Mike OH R 1.036291   94 Boxer Barbara CA D -1.02364
12 Conrad Kent ND D 0.998569   64 Brownback Sam KS R -0.23342
13 Nelson Ben NE D 0.914723   55 Bunning Jim KY R -0.08185
14 Bingaman Jeff NM D 0.883913   52 Burns Conrad MT R -0.01426
15 Hatch Orrin UT R 0.864398   95 Burr Richard NC R -1.06752
16 Sununu John NH R 0.803837   41 Byrd Robert WV D 0.222432
17 McCain John AZ R 0.738979   86 Cantwell Maria WA D -0.7269
18 Hagel Chuck NE R 0.732314   24 Carper Tom DE D 0.452357
19 Specter Arlen PA R 0.698379   1 Chafee Lincoln RI R 2.60232
20 Enzi Mike WY R 0.657524   96 Chambliss Saxby GA R -1.15204
21 Johnson Tim SD D 0.641847   82 Clinton Hillary NY D -0.59329
22 Ensign John NV R 0.604102   69 Coburn Tom OK R -0.39402
23 Baucus Max MT D 0.573201   5 Cochran Thad MS R 1.553067
24 Carper Tom DE D 0.452357   10 Coleman Norm MN R 1.194602
25 Allard Wayne CO R 0.437609   3 Collins Susan ME R 1.949349
26 Warner John VA R 0.417434   12 Conrad Kent ND D 0.998569
27 Lincoln Blanche AR D 0.406975   73 Cornyn John TX R -0.45387
28 Reed Jack RI D 0.404531   87 Corzine Jon NJ D -0.73586
29 Stevens Ted AK R 0.402821   44 Craig Larry ID R 0.117916
30 Nelson Bill FL D 0.394641   67 Crapo Mike ID R -0.34679
31 Lieberman Joe CT D 0.390794   88 Dayton Mark MN D -0.75753
32 Bond Kit MO R 0.308877   98 DeMint Jim SC R -1.44313
33 Thune John SD R 0.306375   11 DeWine Mike OH R 1.036291
34 Wyden Ron OR D 0.289972   47 Dodd Chris CT D 0.074502
35 Dorgan Byron ND D 0.27014   90 Dole Elizabeth NC R -0.78595
36 Voinovich George OH R 0.259029   9 Domenici Pete NM R 1.23841
37 Sarbanes Paul MD D 0.24718   35 Dorgan Byron ND D 0.27014
38 Thomas Craig WY R 0.240569   78 Durbin Dick IL D -0.50202
39 Landrieu Mary LA D 0.228736   22 Ensign John NV R 0.604102
40 Roberts Pat KS R 0.223522   20 Enzi Mike WY R 0.657524
41 Byrd Robert WV D 0.222432   81 Feingold Russ WI D -0.55585
42 Biden Joe DE D 0.183968   56 Feinstein Dianne CA D -0.08543
43 Santorum Rick PA R 0.1304   54 Graham Lindsey SC R -0.05973
44 Craig Larry ID R 0.117916   7 Grassley Chuck IA R 1.427198
45 Lott Trent MS R 0.103193   8 Gregg Judd NH R 1.278922
46 Mikulski Barbara MD D 0.084989   18 Hagel Chuck NE R 0.732314
47 Dodd Chris CT D 0.074502   48 Harkin Tom IA D 0.060547
48 Harkin Tom IA D 0.060547   15 Hatch Orrin UT R 0.864398
49 Salazar Ken CO D 0.046976   57 Hutchison Kay TX R -0.09006
50 Martinez Mel FL R 0.023966   92 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.86018
51 Bayh Evan IN D -0.00264   63 Inouye Daniel HI D -0.21387
52 Burns Conrad MT R -0.01426   89 Isakson Johnny GA R -0.76333
53 Allen George VA R -0.05458   61 Jeffords Jim VT D -0.15161
54 Graham Lindsey SC R -0.05973   21 Johnson Tim SD D 0.641847
55 Bunning Jim KY R -0.08185   91 Kennedy Ted MA D -0.80191
56 Feinstein Dianne CA D -0.08543   85 Kerry John MA D -0.64776
57 Hutchison Kay TX R -0.09006   70 Kohl Herb WI D -0.40821
58 Pryor Mark AR D -0.1097   68 Kyl Jon AZ R -0.39021
59 Alexander Lamar TN R -0.1165   39 Landrieu Mary LA D 0.228736
60 Bennett Bob UT R -0.12631   93 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -0.88371
61 Jeffords Jim VT D -0.15161   77 Leahy Patrick VT D -0.50132
62 Talent Jim MO R -0.20461   76 Levin Carl MI D -0.47462
63 Inouye Daniel HI D -0.21387   31 Lieberman Joe CT D 0.390794
64 Brownback Sam KS R -0.23342   27 Lincoln Blanche AR D 0.406975
65 McConnell Mitch KY R -0.31395   45 Lott Trent MS R 0.103193
66 Rockefeller Jay WV D -0.34245   6 Lugar Richard IN R 1.51523
67 Crapo Mike ID R -0.34679   50 Martinez Mel FL R 0.023966
68 Kyl Jon AZ R -0.39021   17 McCain John AZ R 0.738979
69 Coburn Tom OK R -0.39402   65 McConnell Mitch KY R -0.31395
70 Kohl Herb WI D -0.40821   97 Menéndez Bob NJ D -1.25438
71 Murkowski Lisa AK R -0.44399   46 Mikulski Barbara MD D 0.084989
72 Obama Barack IL D -0.45116   71 Murkowski Lisa AK R -0.44399
73 Cornyn John TX R -0.45387   83 Murray Patty WA D -0.61385
74 Sessions Jeff AL R -0.46175   13 Nelson Ben NE D 0.914723
75 Akaka Daniel HI D -0.47411   30 Nelson Bill FL D 0.394641
76 Levin Carl MI D -0.47462   72 Obama Barack IL D -0.45116
77 Leahy Patrick VT D -0.50132   58 Pryor Mark AR D -0.1097
78 Durbin Dick IL D -0.50202   28 Reed Jack RI D 0.404531
79 Vitter David LA R -0.50769   40 Roberts Pat KS R 0.223522
80 Stabenow Debbie MI D -0.53814   66 Rockefeller Jay WV D -0.34245
81 Feingold Russ WI D -0.55585   49 Salazar Ken CO D 0.046976
82 Clinton Hillary NY D -0.59329   43 Santorum Rick PA R 0.1304
83 Murray Patty WA D -0.61385   37 Sarbanes Paul MD D 0.24718
84 Schumer Chuck NY D -0.64662   84 Schumer Chuck NY D -0.64662
85 Kerry John MA D -0.64776   74 Sessions Jeff AL R -0.46175
86 Cantwell Maria WA D -0.7269   99 Shelby Richard AL R -1.488
87 Corzine Jon NJ D -0.73586   2 Smith Gordon OR R 2.122527
88 Dayton Mark MN D -0.75753   4 Snowe Olympia ME R 1.700494
89 Isakson Johnny GA R -0.76333   19 Specter Arlen PA R 0.698379
90 Dole Elizabeth NC R -0.78595   80 Stabenow Debbie MI D -0.53814
91 Kennedy Ted MA D -0.80191   29 Stevens Ted AK R 0.402821
92 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.86018   16 Sununu John NH R 0.803837
93 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -0.88371   62 Talent Jim MO R -0.20461
94 Boxer Barbara CA D -1.02364   38 Thomas Craig WY R 0.240569
95 Burr Richard NC R -1.06752   33 Thune John SD R 0.306375
96 Chambliss Saxby GA R -1.15204   79 Vitter David LA R -0.50769
97 Menéndez Bob NJ D -1.25438   36 Voinovich George OH R 0.259029
98 DeMint Jim SC R -1.44313   26 Warner John VA R 0.417434
99 Shelby Richard AL R -1.488   34 Wyden Ron OR D 0.289972
GovTrack data was used in the production of these scores.
                         
Notes:
                         
Majority Leader Bill Frist (R-TN) and Minority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) are excluded.    
     
     

108th Congress

Senator (by score)   Senator (alphabetical)
# Name State Party Score   # Name State Party Score
1 Collins Susan ME R 2.352347   71 Akaka Daniel HI D -0.18218
2 Chafee Lincoln RI R 2.120901   18 Alexander Lamar TN R 0.773188
3 Snowe Olympia ME R 1.987207   80 Allard Wayne CO R -0.30625
4 Smith Gordon OR R 1.890749   36 Allen George VA R 0.449882
5 Grassley Chuck IA R 1.768962   13 Baucus Max MT D 1.074115
6 Hatch Orrin UT R 1.732355   79 Bayh Evan IN D -0.30304
7 McCain John AZ R 1.430356   94 Bennett Bob UT R -0.78527
8 Cochran Thad MS R 1.386495   16 Biden Joe DE D 0.941125
9 DeWine Mike OH R 1.371873   38 Bingaman Jeff NM D 0.421823
10 Miller Zell GA D 1.292962   30 Bond Kit MO R 0.515223
11 Ensign John NV R 1.25877   91 Boxer Barbara CA D -0.63489
12 Specter Arlen PA R 1.088606   47 Breaux John LA D 0.246572
13 Baucus Max MT D 1.074115   19 Brownback Sam KS R 0.763519
14 Campbell Ben CO R 0.993255   54 Bunning Jim KY R 0.168128
15 Domenici Pete NM R 0.95962   45 Burns Conrad MT R 0.310753
16 Biden Joe DE D 0.941125   69 Byrd Robert WV D -0.1355
17 Gregg Judd NH R 0.848282   14 Campbell Ben CO R 0.993255
18 Alexander Lamar TN R 0.773188   77 Cantwell Maria WA D -0.29993
19 Brownback Sam KS R 0.763519   58 Carper Tom DE D 0.144729
20 Warner John VA R 0.743242   2 Chafee Lincoln RI R 2.120901
21 Coleman Norm MN R 0.726733   39 Chambliss Saxby GA R 0.407467
22 Lugar Richard IN R 0.703997   88 Clinton Hillary NY D -0.50614
23 Fitzgerald Peter IL R 0.693371   8 Cochran Thad MS R 1.386495
24 Lincoln Blanche AR D 0.687154   21 Coleman Norm MN R 0.726733
25 Craig Larry ID R 0.633051   1 Collins Susan ME R 2.352347
26 Hutchison Kay TX R 0.629575   33 Conrad Kent ND D 0.491429
27 Enzi Mike WY R 0.60464   93 Cornyn John TX R -0.75691
28 Dorgan Byron ND D 0.575187   98 Corzine Jon NJ D -1.00325
29 McConnell Mitch KY R 0.5424   25 Craig Larry ID R 0.633051
30 Bond Kit MO R 0.515223   32 Crapo Mike ID R 0.505788
31 Hagel Chuck NE R 0.511432   92 Dayton Mark MN D -0.69256
32 Crapo Mike ID R 0.505788   9 DeWine Mike OH R 1.371873
33 Conrad Kent ND D 0.491429   65 Dodd Chris CT D -0.0207
34 Reid Harry NV D 0.478152   40 Dole Elizabeth NC R 0.390461
35 Hollings Ernest SC D 0.451528   15 Domenici Pete NM R 0.95962
36 Allen George VA R 0.449882   28 Dorgan Byron ND D 0.575187
37 Nelson Ben NE D 0.445018   75 Durbin Dick IL D -0.2676
38 Bingaman Jeff NM D 0.421823   95 Edwards John NC D -0.8893
39 Chambliss Saxby GA R 0.407467   11 Ensign John NV R 1.25877
40 Dole Elizabeth NC R 0.390461   27 Enzi Mike WY R 0.60464
41 Graham Lindsey SC R 0.384826   84 Feingold Russ WI D -0.34983
42 Stevens Ted AK R 0.37903   46 Feinstein Dianne CA D 0.253193
43 Shelby Richard AL R 0.362295   23 Fitzgerald Peter IL R 0.693371
44 Santorum Rick PA R 0.341451   41 Graham Lindsey SC R 0.384826
45 Burns Conrad MT R 0.310753   72 Graham Bob FL D -0.21935
46 Feinstein Dianne CA D 0.253193   5 Grassley Chuck IA R 1.768962
47 Breaux John LA D 0.246572   17 Gregg Judd NH R 0.848282
48 Sununu John NH R 0.236931   31 Hagel Chuck NE R 0.511432
49 Leahy Patrick VT D 0.223973   50 Harkin Tom IA D 0.214446
50 Harkin Tom IA D 0.214446   6 Hatch Orrin UT R 1.732355
51 Voinovich George OH R 0.205656   35 Hollings Ernest SC D 0.451528
52 Mikulski Barbara MD D 0.176934   26 Hutchison Kay TX R 0.629575
53 Roberts Pat KS R 0.174163   82 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.31592
54 Bunning Jim KY R 0.168128   70 Inouye Daniel HI D -0.15629
55 Lott Trent MS R 0.150763   57 Jeffords Jim VT D 0.145458
56 Sarbanes Paul MD D 0.147101   67 Johnson Tim SD D -0.0549
57 Jeffords Jim VT D 0.145458   78 Kennedy Ted MA D -0.30183
58 Carper Tom DE D 0.144729   76 Kerry John MA D -0.27479
59 Nickles Don OK R 0.128758   60 Kohl Herb WI D 0.125303
60 Kohl Herb WI D 0.125303   73 Kyl Jon AZ R -0.24832
61 Wyden Ron OR D 0.019573   68 Landrieu Mary LA D -0.07038
62 Lieberman Joe CT D 0.008762   97 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -0.96763
63 Levin Carl MI D 0.000814   49 Leahy Patrick VT D 0.223973
64 Reed Jack RI D -0.01831   63 Levin Carl MI D 0.000814
65 Dodd Chris CT D -0.0207   62 Lieberman Joe CT D 0.008762
66 Sessions Jeff AL R -0.04495   24 Lincoln Blanche AR D 0.687154
67 Johnson Tim SD D -0.0549   55 Lott Trent MS R 0.150763
68 Landrieu Mary LA D -0.07038   22 Lugar Richard IN R 0.703997
69 Byrd Robert WV D -0.1355   7 McCain John AZ R 1.430356
70 Inouye Daniel HI D -0.15629   29 McConnell Mitch KY R 0.5424
71 Akaka Daniel HI D -0.18218   52 Mikulski Barbara MD D 0.176934
72 Graham Bob FL D -0.21935   10 Miller Zell GA D 1.292962
73 Kyl Jon AZ R -0.24832   74 Murkowski Lisa AK R -0.26726
74 Murkowski Lisa AK R -0.26726   81 Murray Patty WA D -0.30915
75 Durbin Dick IL D -0.2676   37 Nelson Ben NE D 0.445018
76 Kerry John MA D -0.27479   89 Nelson Bill FL D -0.55979
77 Cantwell Maria WA D -0.29993   59 Nickles Don OK R 0.128758
78 Kennedy Ted MA D -0.30183   96 Pryor Mark AR D -0.89928
79 Bayh Evan IN D -0.30304   64 Reed Jack RI D -0.01831
80 Allard Wayne CO R -0.30625   34 Reid Harry NV D 0.478152
81 Murray Patty WA D -0.30915   53 Roberts Pat KS R 0.174163
82 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.31592   83 Rockefeller Jay WV D -0.31825
83 Rockefeller Jay WV D -0.31825   44 Santorum Rick PA R 0.341451
84 Feingold Russ WI D -0.34983   56 Sarbanes Paul MD D 0.147101
85 Thomas Craig WY R -0.36751   87 Schumer Chuck NY D -0.50607
86 Talent Jim MO R -0.43086   66 Sessions Jeff AL R -0.04495
87 Schumer Chuck NY D -0.50607   43 Shelby Richard AL R 0.362295
88 Clinton Hillary NY D -0.50614   4 Smith Gordon OR R 1.890749
89 Nelson Bill FL D -0.55979   3 Snowe Olympia ME R 1.987207
90 Stabenow Debbie MI D -0.61577   12 Specter Arlen PA R 1.088606
91 Boxer Barbara CA D -0.63489   90 Stabenow Debbie MI D -0.61577
92 Dayton Mark MN D -0.69256   42 Stevens Ted AK R 0.37903
93 Cornyn John TX R -0.75691   48 Sununu John NH R 0.236931
94 Bennett Bob UT R -0.78527   86 Talent Jim MO R -0.43086
95 Edwards John NC D -0.8893   85 Thomas Craig WY R -0.36751
96 Pryor Mark AR D -0.89928   51 Voinovich George OH R 0.205656
97 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -0.96763   20 Warner John VA R 0.743242
98 Corzine Jon NJ D -1.00325   61 Wyden Ron OR D 0.019573
GovTrack data was used in the production of these scores.
                         
Notes:
                         
Majority Leader Bill Frist (R-TN) and Minority Leader Tom Daschle (D-SD) are excluded.    
     
     

107th Congress

Senator (by score)   Senator (alphabetical)
# Name State Party Score   # Name State Party Score
1 Chafee Lincoln RI R 2.160978   61 Akaka Daniel HI D 0.182421
2 Hollings Ernest SC D 1.659715   87 Allard Wayne CO R -0.37322
3 Miller Zell GA D 1.483409   83 Allen George VA R -0.32047
4 Biden Joe DE D 1.459048   15 Baucus Max MT D 1.141948
5 Conrad Kent ND D 1.439781   18 Bayh Evan IN D 1.028453
6 Jeffords Jim VT D 1.43013   97 Bennett Bob UT R -0.7764
7 Collins Susan ME R 1.383572   4 Biden Joe DE D 1.459048
8 Bingaman Jeff NM D 1.301607   8 Bingaman Jeff NM D 1.301607
9 Reid Harry NV D 1.245897   50 Bond Kit MO R 0.321025
10 Breaux John LA D 1.242909   69 Boxer Barbara CA D 0.036402
11 Lieberman Joe CT D 1.230445   10 Breaux John LA D 1.242909
12 Grassley Chuck IA R 1.217369   49 Brownback Sam KS R 0.364841
13 Wyden Ron OR D 1.190127   96 Bunning Jim KY R -0.75771
14 Lincoln Blanche AR D 1.187016   79 Burns Conrad MT R -0.16352
15 Baucus Max MT D 1.141948   70 Byrd Robert WV D 0.027755
16 Snowe Olympia ME R 1.097142   52 Campbell Ben CO R 0.264355
17 Dorgan Byron ND D 1.041013   47 Cantwell Maria WA D 0.432581
18 Bayh Evan IN D 1.028453   51 Carnahan Jean MO D 0.320078
19 McCain John AZ R 1.011645   56 Carper Tom DE D 0.228417
20 Specter Arlen PA R 1.010202   1 Chafee Lincoln RI R 2.160978
21 Harkin Tom IA D 1.008683   37 Cleland Max GA D 0.534603
22 Kerry John MA D 0.991128   81 Clinton Hillary NY D -0.18726
23 Reed Jack RI D 0.984637   41 Cochran Thad MS R 0.504694
24 Leahy Patrick VT D 0.849692   7 Collins Susan ME R 1.383572
25 Feinstein Dianne CA D 0.845501   5 Conrad Kent ND D 1.439781
26 Fitzgerald Peter IL R 0.84134   78 Corzine Jon NJ D -0.15552
27 Hatch Orrin UT R 0.815271   65 Craig Larry ID R 0.118445
28 Mikulski Barbara MD D 0.802624   77 Crapo Mike ID R -0.14199
29 Hutchison Kay TX R 0.790041   54 Dayton Mark MN D 0.230325
30 Graham Bob FL D 0.782752   36 DeWine Mike OH R 0.564141
31 Johnson Tim SD D 0.742939   35 Dodd Chris CT D 0.616512
32 Kennedy Ted MA D 0.742191   38 Domenici Pete NM R 0.527382
33 Smith Gordon OR R 0.714327   17 Dorgan Byron ND D 1.041013
34 Frist Bill TN R 0.712096   44 Durbin Dick IL D 0.46885
35 Dodd Chris CT D 0.616512   64 Edwards John NC D 0.125868
36 DeWine Mike OH R 0.564141   59 Ensign John NV R 0.199326
37 Cleland Max GA D 0.534603   91 Enzi Mike WY R -0.57806
38 Domenici Pete NM R 0.527382   39 Feingold Russ WI D 0.519288
39 Feingold Russ WI D 0.519288   25 Feinstein Dianne CA D 0.845501
40 Hagel Chuck NE R 0.509439   26 Fitzgerald Peter IL R 0.84134
41 Cochran Thad MS R 0.504694   34 Frist Bill TN R 0.712096
42 Thurmond Strom SC R 0.504136   30 Graham Bob FL D 0.782752
43 Stabenow Debbie MI D 0.484285   92 Gramm Phil TX R -0.65647
44 Durbin Dick IL D 0.46885   12 Grassley Chuck IA R 1.217369
45 Landrieu Mary LA D 0.467138   73 Gregg Judd NH R -0.07516
46 Sarbanes Paul MD D 0.447667   40 Hagel Chuck NE R 0.509439
47 Cantwell Maria WA D 0.432581   21 Harkin Tom IA D 1.008683
48 Kohl Herb WI D 0.377202   27 Hatch Orrin UT R 0.815271
49 Brownback Sam KS R 0.364841   98 Helms Jesse NC R -0.96312
50 Bond Kit MO R 0.321025   2 Hollings Ernest SC D 1.659715
51 Carnahan Jean MO D 0.320078   86 Hutchinson Tim AR R -0.34461
52 Campbell Ben CO R 0.264355   29 Hutchison Kay TX R 0.790041
53 Thompson Fred TN R 0.24233   93 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.66946
54 Dayton Mark MN D 0.230325   63 Inouye Daniel HI D 0.144611
55 Rockefeller Jay WV D 0.230108   6 Jeffords Jim VT D 1.43013
56 Carper Tom DE D 0.228417   31 Johnson Tim SD D 0.742939
57 Schumer Chuck NY D 0.227848   32 Kennedy Ted MA D 0.742191
58 Murray Patty WA D 0.200398   22 Kerry John MA D 0.991128
59 Ensign John NV R 0.199326   48 Kohl Herb WI D 0.377202
60 McConnell Mitch KY R 0.193876   74 Kyl Jon AZ R -0.08428
61 Akaka Daniel HI D 0.182421   45 Landrieu Mary LA D 0.467138
62 Lugar Richard IN R 0.162468   24 Leahy Patrick VT D 0.849692
63 Inouye Daniel HI D 0.144611   71 Levin Carl MI D -0.00086
64 Edwards John NC D 0.125868   11 Lieberman Joe CT D 1.230445
65 Craig Larry ID R 0.118445   14 Lincoln Blanche AR D 1.187016
66 Warner John VA R 0.073122   62 Lugar Richard IN R 0.162468
67 Torricelli Robert NJ D 0.070483   19 McCain John AZ R 1.011645
68 Nelson Bill FL D 0.050455   60 McConnell Mitch KY R 0.193876
69 Boxer Barbara CA D 0.036402   28 Mikulski Barbara MD D 0.802624
70 Byrd Robert WV D 0.027755   3 Miller Zell GA D 1.483409
71 Levin Carl MI D -0.00086   89 Murkowski Frank AK R -0.56112
72 Voinovich George OH R -0.02814   58 Murray Patty WA D 0.200398
73 Gregg Judd NH R -0.07516   68 Nelson Bill FL D 0.050455
74 Kyl Jon AZ R -0.08428   76 Nelson Ben NE D -0.13706
75 Stevens Ted AK R -0.11454   88 Nickles Don OK R -0.52556
76 Nelson Ben NE D -0.13706   23 Reed Jack RI D 0.984637
77 Crapo Mike ID R -0.14199   9 Reid Harry NV D 1.245897
78 Corzine Jon NJ D -0.15552   95 Roberts Pat KS R -0.70803
79 Burns Conrad MT R -0.16352   55 Rockefeller Jay WV D 0.230108
80 Sessions Jeff AL R -0.16671   82 Santorum Rick PA R -0.23277
81 Clinton Hillary NY D -0.18726   46 Sarbanes Paul MD D 0.447667
82 Santorum Rick PA R -0.23277   57 Schumer Chuck NY D 0.227848
83 Allen George VA R -0.32047   80 Sessions Jeff AL R -0.16671
84 Thomas Craig WY R -0.32943   94 Shelby Richard AL R -0.67662
85 Wellstone Paul MN D -0.33478   33 Smith Gordon OR R 0.714327
86 Hutchinson Tim AR R -0.34461   90 Smith Bob NH R -0.57485
87 Allard Wayne CO R -0.37322   16 Snowe Olympia ME R 1.097142
88 Nickles Don OK R -0.52556   20 Specter Arlen PA R 1.010202
89 Murkowski Frank AK R -0.56112   43 Stabenow Debbie MI D 0.484285
90 Smith Bob NH R -0.57485   75 Stevens Ted AK R -0.11454
91 Enzi Mike WY R -0.57806   84 Thomas Craig WY R -0.32943
92 Gramm Phil TX R -0.65647   53 Thompson Fred TN R 0.24233
93 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.66946   42 Thurmond Strom SC R 0.504136
94 Shelby Richard AL R -0.67662   67 Torricelli Robert NJ D 0.070483
95 Roberts Pat KS R -0.70803   72 Voinovich George OH R -0.02814
96 Bunning Jim KY R -0.75771   66 Warner John VA R 0.073122
97 Bennett Bob UT R -0.7764   85 Wellstone Paul MN D -0.33478
98 Helms Jesse NC R -0.96312   13 Wyden Ron OR D 1.190127
GovTrack data was used in the production of these scores.
                         
Notes:
                         
Senators who served fewer than 10 months are excluded (Dean Barkley, I-MN; John Cornyn, R-TX; Lisa Murkowski, R-AK; Jim Talent, R-MO). 
                         
Majority Leader/Minority Leader Trent Lott (R-MS) and Minority Leader/Majority Leader Tom Daschle (D-SD) are excluded.
 

106th Congress

Senator (by score)   Senator (alphabetical)
# Name State Party Score   # Name State Party Score
1 Chafee Lincoln RI R 2.007453   29 Abraham Spencer MI R 0.55798
2 Jeffords Jim VT R 1.847109   30 Akaka Daniel HI D 0.555098
3 Lieberman Joe CT D 1.519795   92 Allard Wayne CO R -0.62196
4 Grassley Chuck IA R 1.22341   75 Ashcroft John MO R -0.07922
5 Graham Bob FL D 1.220357   24 Baucus Max MT D 0.636193
6 Robb Chuck VA D 1.060063   45 Bayh Evan IN D 0.322941
7 Breaux John LA D 0.959556   88 Bennett Bob UT R -0.42861
8 Wyden Ron OR D 0.937426   20 Biden Joe DE D 0.687617
9 DeWine Mike OH R 0.888622   27 Bingaman Jeff NM D 0.568855
10 Conrad Kent ND D 0.85724   62 Bond Kit MO R 0.147305
11 Collins Susan ME R 0.836519   86 Boxer Barbara CA D -0.31439
12 Edwards John NC D 0.816945   7 Breaux John LA D 0.959556
13 Hollings Ernest SC D 0.80663   44 Brownback Sam KS R 0.325459
14 Hatch Orrin UT R 0.77272   56 Bryan Richard NV D 0.210282
15 Landrieu Mary LA D 0.772288   95 Bunning Jim KY R -0.7554
16 Rockefeller Jay WV D 0.75556   51 Burns Conrad MT R 0.269896
17 Mack Connie FL R 0.747973   66 Byrd Robert WV D 0.102931
18 Johnson Tim SD D 0.742597   40 Campbell Ben CO R 0.401675
19 Leahy Patrick VT D 0.738886   1 Chafee Lincoln RI R 2.007453
20 Biden Joe DE D 0.687617   28 Cleland Max GA D 0.561522
21 Snowe Olympia ME R 0.659898   53 Cochran Thad MS R 0.244938
22 Specter Arlen PA R 0.658396   11 Collins Susan ME R 0.836519
23 Kohl Herb WI D 0.645793   10 Conrad Kent ND D 0.85724
24 Baucus Max MT D 0.636193   83 Coverdell Paul GA R -0.23603
25 Hagel Chuck NE R 0.609725   80 Craig Larry ID R -0.17599
26 Reed Jack RI D 0.586177   89 Crapo Mike ID R -0.47263
27 Bingaman Jeff NM D 0.568855   9 DeWine Mike OH R 0.888622
28 Cleland Max GA D 0.561522   63 Dodd Chris CT D 0.142755
29 Abraham Spencer MI R 0.55798   69 Domenici Pete NM R 0.051453
30 Akaka Daniel HI D 0.555098   31 Dorgan Byron ND D 0.547766
31 Dorgan Byron ND D 0.547766   61 Durbin Dick IL D 0.152682
32 Smith Gordon OR R 0.539191   12 Edwards John NC D 0.816945
33 Fitzgerald Peter IL R 0.536313   98 Enzi Michael WY R -0.91669
34 Levin Carl MI D 0.532814   58 Feingold Russ WI D 0.193082
35 Lincoln Blanche AR D 0.522533   52 Feinstein Dianne CA D 0.263205
36 Frist Bill TN R 0.478239   33 Fitzgerald Peter IL R 0.536313
37 Sarbanes Paul MD D 0.475616   36 Frist Bill TN R 0.478239
38 Kerry John MA D 0.421564   55 Gorton Slade WA R 0.234384
39 Lugar Richard IN R 0.412026   5 Graham Bob FL D 1.220357
40 Campbell Ben CO R 0.401675   96 Gramm Phil TX R -0.76253
41 Kerrey Bob NE D 0.389448   82 Grams Rod MN R -0.1949
42 McCain John AZ R 0.371956   4 Grassley Chuck IA R 1.22341
43 Mikulski Barbara MD D 0.364808   81 Gregg Judd NH R -0.18177
44 Brownback Sam KS R 0.325459   25 Hagel Chuck NE R 0.609725
45 Bayh Evan IN D 0.322941   59 Harkin Tom IA D 0.178437
46 Roberts Pat KS R 0.320201   14 Hatch Orrin UT R 0.77272
47 Roth Bill DE R 0.312333   93 Helms Jesse NC R -0.65296
48 Kennedy Ted MA D 0.306207   13 Hollings Ernest SC D 0.80663
49 Stevens Ted AK R 0.295238   65 Hutchinson Tim AR R 0.1254
50 Moynihan Pat NY D 0.27462   57 Hutchison Kay TX R 0.194567
51 Burns Conrad MT R 0.269896   87 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.36999
52 Feinstein Dianne CA D 0.263205   74 Inouye Daniel HI D -0.07182
53 Cochran Thad MS R 0.244938   2 Jeffords Jim VT R 1.847109
54 Warner John VA R 0.24025   18 Johnson Tim SD D 0.742597
55 Gorton Slade WA R 0.234384   48 Kennedy Ted MA D 0.306207
56 Bryan Richard NV D 0.210282   41 Kerrey Bob NE D 0.389448
57 Hutchison Kay TX R 0.194567   38 Kerry John MA D 0.421564
58 Feingold Russ WI D 0.193082   23 Kohl Herb WI D 0.645793
59 Harkin Tom IA D 0.178437   97 Kyl Jon AZ R -0.80194
60 Santorum Rick PA R 0.176711   15 Landrieu Mary LA D 0.772288
61 Durbin Dick IL D 0.152682   77 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -0.09662
62 Bond Kit MO R 0.147305   19 Leahy Patrick VT D 0.738886
63 Dodd Chris CT D 0.142755   34 Levin Carl MI D 0.532814
64 Murray Patty WA D 0.133964   3 Lieberman Joe CT D 1.519795
65 Hutchinson Tim AR R 0.1254   35 Lincoln Blanche AR D 0.522533
66 Byrd Robert WV D 0.102931   39 Lugar Richard IN R 0.412026
67 Murkowski Frank AK R 0.097501   17 Mack Connie FL R 0.747973
68 Voinovich George OH R 0.071174   42 McCain John AZ R 0.371956
69 Domenici Pete NM R 0.051453   79 McConnell Mitch KY R -0.16384
70 Torricelli Robert NJ D 0.022646   43 Mikulski Barbara MD D 0.364808
71 Sessions Jeff AL R 0.011957   50 Moynihan Pat NY D 0.27462
72 Schumer Chuck NY D -0.01619   67 Murkowski Frank AK R 0.097501
73 Smith Bob NH R -0.01692   64 Murray Patty WA D 0.133964
74 Inouye Daniel HI D -0.07182   78 Nickles Don OK R -0.09665
75 Ashcroft John MO R -0.07922   26 Reed Jack RI D 0.586177
76 Reid Harry NV D -0.08985   76 Reid Harry NV D -0.08985
77 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -0.09662   6 Robb Chuck VA D 1.060063
78 Nickles Don OK R -0.09665   46 Roberts Pat KS R 0.320201
79 McConnell Mitch KY R -0.16384   16 Rockefeller Jay WV D 0.75556
80 Craig Larry ID R -0.17599   47 Roth Bill DE R 0.312333
81 Gregg Judd NH R -0.18177   60 Santorum Rick PA R 0.176711
82 Grams Rod MN R -0.1949   37 Sarbanes Paul MD D 0.475616
83 Coverdell Paul GA R -0.23603   72 Schumer Chuck NY D -0.01619
84 Thompson Fred TN R -0.2527   71 Sessions Jeff AL R 0.011957
85 Wellstone Paul MN D -0.25575   91 Shelby Richard AL R -0.59038
86 Boxer Barbara CA D -0.31439   32 Smith Gordon OR R 0.539191
87 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.36999   73 Smith Bob NH R -0.01692
88 Bennett Bob UT R -0.42861   21 Snowe Olympia ME R 0.659898
89 Crapo Mike ID R -0.47263   22 Specter Arlen PA R 0.658396
90 Thurmond Strom SC R -0.49586   49 Stevens Ted AK R 0.295238
91 Shelby Richard AL R -0.59038   94 Thomas Craig WY R -0.66941
92 Allard Wayne CO R -0.62196   84 Thompson Fred TN R -0.2527
93 Helms Jesse NC R -0.65296   90 Thurmond Strom SC R -0.49586
94 Thomas Craig WY R -0.66941   70 Torricelli Robert NJ D 0.022646
95 Bunning Jim KY R -0.7554   68 Voinovich George OH R 0.071174
96 Gramm Phil TX R -0.76253   54 Warner John VA R 0.24025
97 Kyl Jon AZ R -0.80194   85 Wellstone Paul MN D -0.25575
98 Enzi Michael WY R -0.91669   8 Wyden Ron OR D 0.937426
GovTrack data was used in the production of these scores.
                         
Notes:
                         
Senators who served fewer than 10 months are excluded (John Chafee, R-RI; Zell Miller, D-GA). 
                         
Majority Leader Trent Lott (R-MS) and Minority Leader Tom Daschle (D-SD) are excluded.
 
 

105th Congress

Senator (by score)   Senator (alphabetical)
# Name State Party Score   # Name State Party Score
1 Baucus Max MT D 1.508111   42 Abraham Spencer MI R 0.001995
2 Jeffords Jim VT R 1.489298   52 Akaka Daniel HI D -0.15487
3 Graham Bob FL D 1.382607   98 Allard Wayne CO R -1.19474
4 Grassley Chuck IA R 1.318237   93 Ashcroft John MO R -1.04759
5 Rockefeller Jay WV D 1.31745   1 Baucus Max MT D 1.508111
6 Chafee John RI R 1.178853   92 Bennett Bob UT R -1.00399
7 D'Amato Alfonse NY R 1.03031   57 Biden Joe DE D -0.18831
8 Lieberman Joe CT D 1.001284   16 Bingaman Jeff NM D 0.62793
9 Breaux John LA D 0.960211   58 Bond Kit MO R -0.20063
10 Snowe Olympia ME R 0.89564   80 Boxer Barbara CA D -0.71061
11 Wyden Ron OR D 0.839009   9 Breaux John LA D 0.960211
12 Moynihan Pat NY D 0.757475   83 Brownback Sam KS R -0.74768
13 Leahy Patrick VT D 0.746717   27 Bryan Richard NV D 0.268497
14 Kohl Herb WI D 0.655888   68 Bumpers Dale AR D -0.4263
15 Ford Wendell KY D 0.642862   46 Burns Conrad MT R -0.04357
16 Bingaman Jeff NM D 0.62793   24 Byrd Robert WV D 0.329045
17 Mack Connie FL R 0.625869   60 Campbell Ben CO R -0.28681
18 Kerrey Bob NE D 0.592259   6 Chafee John RI R 1.178853
19 Cleland Max GA D 0.51224   19 Cleland Max GA D 0.51224
20 Durbin Dick IL D 0.440885   56 Coats Dan IN R -0.18014
21 Collins Susan ME R 0.43791   62 Cochran Thad MS R -0.30584
22 Landrieu Mary LA D 0.368083   21 Collins Susan ME R 0.43791
23 Hollings Ernest SC D 0.342684   43 Conrad Kent ND D 0.001778
24 Byrd Robert WV D 0.329045   78 Coverdell Paul GA R -0.63379
25 DeWine Mike OH R 0.29847   64 Craig Larry ID R -0.34232
26 Robb Chuck VA D 0.296621   7 D'Amato Alfonse NY R 1.03031
27 Bryan Richard NV D 0.268497   25 DeWine Mike OH R 0.29847
28 Murray Patty WA D 0.251851   29 Dodd Chris CT D 0.221656
29 Dodd Chris CT D 0.221656   39 Domenici Pete NM R 0.036322
30 Sarbanes Paul MD D 0.201402   33 Dorgan Byron ND D 0.172073
31 Frist Bill TN R 0.191967   20 Durbin Dick IL D 0.440885
32 Levin Carl MI D 0.184106   82 Enzi Mike WY R -0.74073
33 Dorgan Byron ND D 0.172073   89 Faircloth Lauch NC R -0.90428
34 Lugar Richard IN R 0.172058   69 Feingold Russ WI D -0.43076
35 Smith Gordon NH R 0.116317   47 Feinstein Dianne CA D -0.04557
36 Hatch Orrin UT R 0.098485   15 Ford Wendell KY D 0.642862
37 Specter Arlen PA R 0.085295   31 Frist Bill TN R 0.191967
38 Moseley Braun Carol IL D 0.039973   48 Glenn John OH D -0.0876
39 Domenici Pete NM R 0.036322   61 Gorton Slade WA R -0.29656
40 McCain John AZ R 0.009855   3 Graham Bob FL D 1.382607
41 Warner John VA R 0.009644   77 Gramm Phil TX R -0.61147
42 Abraham Spencer MI R 0.001995   67 Grams Rod MI R -0.36721
43 Conrad Kent ND D 0.001778   4 Grassley Chuck IA R 1.318237
44 Reed Jack RI D -0.02116   51 Gregg Judd NH R -0.15281
45 Roth Bill DE R -0.02861   54 Hagel Chuck NE R -0.15959
46 Burns Conrad MT R -0.04357   66 Harkin Tom IA D -0.36662
47 Feinstein Dianne CA D -0.04557   36 Hatch Orrin UT R 0.098485
48 Glenn John OH D -0.0876   97 Helms Jesse NC R -1.17341
49 Torricelli Robert NJ D -0.12598   23 Hollings Ernest SC D 0.342684
50 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.15072   96 Hutchinson Tim AR R -1.10734
51 Gregg Judd NH R -0.15281   84 Hutchison Kay TX R -0.77108
52 Akaka Daniel HI D -0.15487   50 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.15072
53 Johnson Tim SD D -0.15497   65 Inouye Daniel HI D -0.34323
54 Hagel Chuck NE R -0.15959   2 Jeffords Jim VT R 1.489298
55 Mikulski Barbara MD D -0.16014   53 Johnson Tim SD D -0.15497
56 Coats Dan IN R -0.18014   95 Kempthorne Dirk ID R -1.0758
57 Biden Joe DE D -0.18831   72 Kennedy Ted MA D -0.46336
58 Bond Kit MO R -0.20063   18 Kerrey Bob NE D 0.592259
59 McConnell Mitch KY R -0.25794   63 Kerry John MA D -0.34192
60 Campbell Ben CO R -0.28681   14 Kohl Herb WI D 0.655888
61 Gorton Slade WA R -0.29656   90 Kyl Jon AZ R -0.95011
62 Cochran Thad MS R -0.30584   22 Landrieu Mary LA D 0.368083
63 Kerry John MA D -0.34192   86 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -0.78542
64 Craig Larry ID R -0.34232   13 Leahy Patrick VT D 0.746717
65 Inouye Daniel HI D -0.34323   32 Levin Carl MI D 0.184106
66 Harkin Tom IA D -0.36662   8 Lieberman Joe CT D 1.001284
67 Grams Rod MI R -0.36721   34 Lugar Richard IN R 0.172058
68 Bumpers Dale AR D -0.4263   17 Mack Connie FL R 0.625869
69 Feingold Russ WI D -0.43076   40 McCain John AZ R 0.009855
70 Reid Harry NV D -0.4331   59 McConnell Mitch KY R -0.25794
71 Roberts Pat KS R -0.44254   55 Mikulski Barbara MD D -0.16014
72 Kennedy Ted MA D -0.46336   38 Moseley Braun Carol IL D 0.039973
73 Nickles Don OK R -0.49086   12 Moynihan Pat NY D 0.757475
74 Thomas Craig WY R -0.53896   87 Murkowski Frank AK R -0.78893
75 Stevens Ted AK R -0.56777   28 Murray Patty WA D 0.251851
76 Sessions Jeff AL R -0.5697   73 Nickles Don OK R -0.49086
77 Gramm Phil TX R -0.61147   44 Reed Jack RI D -0.02116
78 Coverdell Paul GA R -0.63379   70 Reid Harry NV D -0.4331
79 Thompson Fred TN R -0.70895   26 Robb Chuck VA D 0.296621
80 Boxer Barbara CA D -0.71061   71 Roberts Pat KS R -0.44254
81 Thurmond Strom SC R -0.71431   5 Rockefeller Jay WV D 1.31745
82 Enzi Mike WY R -0.74073   45 Roth Bill DE R -0.02861
83 Brownback Sam KS R -0.74768   91 Santorum Rick PA R -0.97536
84 Hutchison Kay TX R -0.77108   30 Sarbanes Paul MD D 0.201402
85 Wellstone Paul MN D -0.78141   76 Sessions Jeff AL R -0.5697
86 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -0.78542   88 Shelby Richard AL R -0.81804
87 Murkowski Frank AK R -0.78893   35 Smith Gordon NH R 0.116317
88 Shelby Richard AL R -0.81804   94 Smith Bob NH R -1.05469
89 Faircloth Lauch NC R -0.90428   10 Snowe Olympia ME R 0.89564
90 Kyl Jon AZ R -0.95011   37 Specter Arlen PA R 0.085295
91 Santorum Rick PA R -0.97536   75 Stevens Ted AK R -0.56777
92 Bennett Bob UT R -1.00399   74 Thomas Craig WY R -0.53896
93 Ashcroft John MO R -1.04759   79 Thompson Fred TN R -0.70895
94 Smith Bob NH R -1.05469   81 Thurmond Strom SC R -0.71431
95 Kempthorne Dirk ID R -1.0758   49 Torricelli Robert NJ D -0.12598
96 Hutchinson Tim AR R -1.10734   41 Warner John VA R 0.009644
97 Helms Jesse NC R -1.17341   85 Wellstone Paul MN D -0.78141
98 Allard Wayne CO R -1.19474   11 Wyden Ron OR D 0.839009
GovTrack data was used in the production of these scores.
                         
Notes:
                         
Majority Leader Trent Lott (R-MS) and Minority Leader Tom Daschle (D-SD) are excluded.
 
 

104th Congress

Senator (by score)   Senator (alphabetical)
# Name State Party Score   # Name State Party Score
1 Nunn Sam GA D 1.626965   78 Abraham Spencer MI R -0.7071
2 Heflin Howell AL D 1.169758   56 Akaka Daniel HI D -0.35751
3 Hatfield Mark OR R 0.985525   97 Ashcroft John MO R -1.63371
4 Lieberman Joe CT D 0.928733   11 Baucus Max MT D 0.68726
5 Jeffords Jim VT R 0.866506   80 Bennett Bob UT R -0.789
6 Bingaman Jeff NM D 0.815684   23 Biden Joe DE D 0.469646
7 Chafee John RI R 0.770633   6 Bingaman Jeff NM D 0.815684
8 Kerrey Bob NE D 0.702346   70 Bond Kit MO R -0.58911
9 Ford Wendell KY D 0.689258   49 Boxer Barbara CA D -0.18094
10 Feinstein Dianne CA D 0.687457   50 Bradley Bill NJ D -0.25213
11 Baucus Max MT D 0.68726   17 Breaux John LA D 0.568236
12 Levin Carl MI D 0.664833   79 Brown Hank CO R -0.76115
13 Glenn John OH D 0.655332   32 Bryan Richard NV D 0.194764
14 Pryor David AR D 0.613642   66 Bumpers Dale AR D -0.51715
15 D'Amato Alfonse NY R 0.612412   63 Burns Conrad MT R -0.47365
16 Leahy Patrick VT D 0.590512   96 Byrd Robert WV D -1.39652
17 Breaux John LA D 0.568236   20 Campbell Ben CO R 0.525175
18 Reid Harry NV D 0.561026   7 Chafee John RI R 0.770633
19 Grassley Chuck IA R 0.540858   95 Coats Dan IN R -1.35343
20 Campbell Ben CO R 0.525175   51 Cochran Thad MS R -0.26127
21 Johnston Bennett LA D 0.506696   36 Cohen Bill ME R 0.122252
22 Moynihan Pat NY D 0.486979   37 Conrad Kent ND D 0.066816
23 Biden Joe DE D 0.469646   98 Coverdell Paul GA R -1.86891
24 Robb Chuck VA D 0.417084   68 Craig Larry ID R -0.5646
25 Graham Bob FL D 0.385796   15 D'Amato Alfonse NY R 0.612412
26 Domenici Pete NM R 0.378467   62 DeWine Mike OH R -0.47161
27 Moseley Braun Carol IL D 0.314083   71 Dodd Chris CT D -0.61943
28 Pressler Larry SD R 0.294091   26 Domenici Pete NM R 0.378467
29 Lugar Richard IN R 0.277143   47 Dorgan Byron ND D -0.15665
30 Warner John VA R 0.221422   76 Exon Jim NE D -0.67148
31 Sarbanes Paul MD D 0.215214   81 Faircloth Lauch NC R -0.83032
32 Bryan Richard NV D 0.194764   59 Feingold Russ WI D -0.42817
33 Kassebaum Nancy KS R 0.147008   10 Feinstein Dianne CA D 0.687457
34 Specter Arlen PA R 0.138808   9 Ford Wendell KY D 0.689258
35 Kohl Herb WI D 0.123777   65 Frist Bill TN R -0.47902
36 Cohen Bill ME R 0.122252   13 Glenn John OH D 0.655332
37 Conrad Kent ND D 0.066816   46 Gorton Slade WA R -0.14909
38 Snowe Olympia ME R 0.043675   25 Graham Bob FL D 0.385796
39 Inouye Daniel HI D 0.041458   93 Gramm Phil TX R -1.08112
40 Simon Paul IL D 0.0288   82 Grams Rod MN R -0.85144
41 Hollings Ernest SC D 0.024871   19 Grassley Chuck IA R 0.540858
42 Hatch Orrin UT R 0.019319   85 Gregg Judd NH R -0.88842
43 McCain John AZ R -0.0316   58 Harkin Tom IA D -0.41797
44 Rockefeller Jay WV D -0.0479   42 Hatch Orrin UT R 0.019319
45 Roth Bill DE R -0.06025   3 Hatfield Mark OR R 0.985525
46 Gorton Slade WA R -0.14909   2 Heflin Howell AL D 1.169758
47 Dorgan Byron ND D -0.15665   90 Helms Jesse NC R -1.06315
48 Wyden Ron OR D -0.16293   41 Hollings Ernest SC D 0.024871
49 Boxer Barbara CA D -0.18094   64 Hutchison Kay TX R -0.47682
50 Bradley Bill NJ D -0.25213   61 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.46491
51 Cochran Thad MS R -0.26127   39 Inouye Daniel HI D 0.041458
52 Murray Patty WA D -0.2707   5 Jeffords Jim VT R 0.866506
53 Mack Connie FL R -0.30286   21 Johnston Bennett LA D 0.506696
54 Pell Claiborne RI D -0.32557   33 Kassebaum Nancy KS R 0.147008
55 Lott Trent MS R -0.34048   83 Kempthorne Dirk ID R -0.85697
56 Akaka Daniel HI D -0.35751   72 Kennedy Ted MA D -0.61944
57 Stevens Ted AK R -0.4043   8 Kerrey Bob NE D 0.702346
58 Harkin Tom IA D -0.41797   77 Kerry John MA D -0.67382
59 Feingold Russ WI D -0.42817   35 Kohl Herb WI D 0.123777
60 Shelby Richard AL R -0.44257   89 Kyl Jon AZ R -1.05329
61 Inhofe Jim OK R -0.46491   87 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -0.93755
62 DeWine Mike OH R -0.47161   16 Leahy Patrick VT D 0.590512
63 Burns Conrad MT R -0.47365   12 Levin Carl MI D 0.664833
64 Hutchison Kay TX R -0.47682   4 Lieberman Joe CT D 0.928733
65 Frist Bill TN R -0.47902   55 Lott Trent MS R -0.34048
66 Bumpers Dale AR D -0.51715   29 Lugar Richard IN R 0.277143
67 Mikulski Barbara MD D -0.52523   53 Mack Connie FL R -0.30286
68 Craig Larry ID R -0.5646   43 McCain John AZ R -0.0316
69 McConnell Mitch KY R -0.57249   69 McConnell Mitch KY R -0.57249
70 Bond Kit MO R -0.58911   67 Mikulski Barbara MD D -0.52523
71 Dodd Chris CT D -0.61943   27 Moseley Braun Carol IL D 0.314083
72 Kennedy Ted MA D -0.61944   22 Moynihan Pat NY D 0.486979
73 Simpson Alan WY R -0.63461   74 Murkowski Frank AK R -0.64743
74 Murkowski Frank AK R -0.64743   52 Murray Patty WA D -0.2707
75 Smith Bob NH R -0.65457   91 Nickles Don OK R -1.07221
76 Exon Jim NE D -0.67148   1 Nunn Sam GA D 1.626965
77 Kerry John MA D -0.67382   54 Pell Claiborne RI D -0.32557
78 Abraham Spencer MI R -0.7071   28 Pressler Larry SD R 0.294091
79 Brown Hank CO R -0.76115   14 Pryor David AR D 0.613642
80 Bennett Bob UT R -0.789   18 Reid Harry NV D 0.561026
81 Faircloth Lauch NC R -0.83032   24 Robb Chuck VA D 0.417084
82 Grams Rod MN R -0.85144   44 Rockefeller Jay WV D -0.0479
83 Kempthorne Dirk ID R -0.85697   45 Roth Bill DE R -0.06025
84 Wellstone Paul MN D -0.86298   92 Santorum Rick PA R -1.08102
85 Gregg Judd NH R -0.88842   31 Sarbanes Paul MD D 0.215214
86 Thurmond Strom SC R -0.8903   60 Shelby Richard AL R -0.44257
87 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -0.93755   40 Simon Paul IL D 0.0288
88 Thompson Fred TN R -1.04469   73 Simpson Alan WY R -0.63461
89 Kyl Jon AZ R -1.05329   75 Smith Bob NH R -0.65457
90 Helms Jesse NC R -1.06315   38 Snowe Olympia ME R 0.043675
91 Nickles Don OK R -1.07221   34 Specter Arlen PA R 0.138808
92 Santorum Rick PA R -1.08102   57 Stevens Ted AK R -0.4043
93 Gramm Phil TX R -1.08112   94 Thomas Craig WY R -1.15293
94 Thomas Craig WY R -1.15293   88 Thompson Fred TN R -1.04469
95 Coats Dan IN R -1.35343   86 Thurmond Strom SC R -0.8903
96 Byrd Robert WV D -1.39652   30 Warner John VA R 0.221422
97 Ashcroft John MO R -1.63371   84 Wellstone Paul MN D -0.86298
98 Coverdell Paul GA R -1.86891   48 Wyden Ron OR D -0.16293
GovTrack data was used in the production of these scores.
                         
Notes:
                         
Senators who served fewer than 10 months are excluded (Sam Brownback, R-KS; Sheila Frahm, R-KS; Bob Packwood, R-OR).
                         
Majority Leader Bob Dole (R-KS) and Minority Leader Tom Daschle (D-SD) are excluded.
 
 

103rd Congress

Senator (by score)   Senator (alphabetical)
# Name State Party Score   # Name State Party Score
1 Shelby Richard AL D 1.878779   78 Akaka Daniel HI D -0.55234
2 Boren David OK D 1.308541   12 Baucus Max MT D 0.661835
3 Nunn Sam GA D 1.276903   62 Bennett Bob UT R -0.28919
4 Hatfield Mark OR R 1.246969   38 Biden Joe DE D 0.110247
5 Durenberger David MN R 1.011092   18 Bingaman Jeff NM D 0.485789
6 Jeffords Jim VT R 0.961582   21 Bond Kit MO R 0.43401
7 Domenici Pete NH R 0.947105   2 Boren David OK D 1.308541
8 Chafee John RI R 0.911664   93 Boxer Barbara CA D -1.08552
9 Reid Harry NV D 0.872084   71 Bradley Bill NJ D -0.45606
10 Warner John VA R 0.704715   24 Breaux John LA D 0.373105
11 Heflin Howell AL D 0.665132   80 Brown Hank CO R -0.6193
12 Baucus Max MT D 0.661835   19 Bryan Richard NV D 0.474254
13 Campbell Ben CO D 0.64478   15 Bumpers Dale AR D 0.598726
14 Packwood Bob OR R 0.64076   48 Burns Conrad MT R -0.04753
15 Bumpers Dale AR D 0.598726   97 Byrd Robert WV D -1.39783
16 Hatch Orrin UT R 0.541492   13 Campbell Ben CO D 0.64478
17 Cohen Bill ME R 0.530699   8 Chafee John RI R 0.911664
18 Bingaman Jeff NM D 0.485789   85 Coats Dan IN R -0.73752
19 Bryan Richard NV D 0.474254   47 Cochran Thad MS R -0.04506
20 Daschle Tom SD D 0.443042   17 Cohen Bill ME R 0.530699
21 Bond Kit MO R 0.43401   41 Conrad Kent ND D 0.057755
22 D'Amato Alfonse NY R 0.431271   98 Coverdell Paul GA R -1.54537
23 Hollings Ernest SC D 0.412672   61 Craig Larry ID R -0.28854
24 Breaux John LA D 0.373105   22 D'Amato Alfonse NY R 0.431271
25 Exon Jim NE D 0.367755   31 Danforth John MO R 0.264452
26 Pryor David AR D 0.361041   20 Daschle Tom SD D 0.443042
27 Robb Chuck VA D 0.346391   32 DeConcini Dennis AZ D 0.257378
28 Kassebaum Nancy KS R 0.341759   42 Dodd Chris CT D 0.038747
29 Kennedy Ted MA D 0.339423   7 Domenici Pete NH R 0.947105
30 Grassley Chuck IA R 0.329262   50 Dorgan Byron ND D -0.08275
31 Danforth John MO R 0.264452   5 Durenberger David MN R 1.011092
32 DeConcini Dennis AZ D 0.257378   25 Exon Jim NE D 0.367755
33 Levin Carl MI D 0.256241   60 Faircloth Lauch NC R -0.26293
34 Lieberman Joe CT D 0.220746   92 Feingold Russ WI D -1.0461
35 Gorton Slade WA R 0.218346   44 Feinstein Dianne CA D -0.03087
36 McCain John AZ R 0.209943   54 Ford Wendell KY D -0.1658
37 Harkin Tom IA D 0.11507   49 Glenn John OH D -0.06781
38 Biden Joe DE D 0.110247   35 Gorton Slade WA R 0.218346
39 Leahy Patrick VT D 0.095795   65 Graham Bob FL D -0.36783
40 Inouye Daniel HI D 0.061667   96 Gramm Phil TX R -1.36967
41 Conrad Kent ND D 0.057755   30 Grassley Chuck IA R 0.329262
42 Dodd Chris CT D 0.038747   94 Gregg Judd NH R -1.2084
43 Kerrey Bob NE D -0.00874   37 Harkin Tom IA D 0.11507
44 Feinstein Dianne CA D -0.03087   16 Hatch Orrin UT R 0.541492
45 Hutchison Kay TX R -0.03513   4 Hatfield Mark OR R 1.246969
46 Lugar Richard IN R -0.04427   11 Heflin Howell AL D 0.665132
47 Cochran Thad MS R -0.04506   95 Helms Jesse NC R -1.3333
48 Burns Conrad MT R -0.04753   23 Hollings Ernest SC D 0.412672
49 Glenn John OH D -0.06781   45 Hutchison Kay TX R -0.03513
50 Dorgan Byron ND D -0.08275   40 Inouye Daniel HI D 0.061667
51 Specter Arlen PA R -0.10886   6 Jeffords Jim VT R 0.961582
52 Moynihan Pat NY D -0.11748   66 Johnston Bennett LA D -0.37656
53 Moseley Braun Carol IL D -0.15639   28 Kassebaum Nancy KS R 0.341759
54 Ford Wendell KY D -0.1658   63 Kempthorne Dirk ID R -0.29121
55 Kohl Herb WI D -0.17779   29 Kennedy Ted MA D 0.339423
56 Simon Paul IL D -0.19226   43 Kerrey Bob NE D -0.00874
57 Rockefeller Jay WV D -0.20058   87 Kerry John MA D -0.80564
58 Roth Bill DE R -0.20644   55 Kohl Herb WI D -0.17779
59 Metzenbaum Howard OH D -0.21874   86 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -0.80289
60 Faircloth Lauch NC R -0.26293   39 Leahy Patrick VT D 0.095795
61 Craig Larry ID R -0.28854   33 Levin Carl MI D 0.256241
62 Bennett Bob UT R -0.28919   34 Lieberman Joe CT D 0.220746
63 Kempthorne Dirk ID R -0.29121   76 Lott Trent MS R -0.5238
64 Riegle Donald MI D -0.36653   46 Lugar Richard IN R -0.04427
65 Graham Bob FL D -0.36783   74 Mack Connie FL R -0.5163
66 Johnston Bennett LA D -0.37656   88 Mathews Harlan TN D -0.82511
67 Pressler Larry SD R -0.38798   36 McCain John AZ R 0.209943
68 Murray Patty WA D -0.39197   77 McConnell Mitch KY R -0.53723
69 Simpson Alan WY R -0.4273   59 Metzenbaum Howard OH D -0.21874
70 Stevens Ted AK R -0.43319   84 Mikulski Barbara MD D -0.72398
71 Bradley Bill NJ D -0.45606   53 Moseley Braun Carol IL D -0.15639
72 Murkowski Frank AK R -0.45645   52 Moynihan Pat NY D -0.11748
73 Sasser Jim TN D -0.49818   72 Murkowski Frank AK R -0.45645
74 Mack Connie FL R -0.5163   68 Murray Patty WA D -0.39197
75 Thurmond Strom SC R -0.52181   90 Nickles Don OK R -0.86991
76 Lott Trent MS R -0.5238   3 Nunn Sam GA D 1.276903
77 McConnell Mitch KY R -0.53723   14 Packwood Bob OR R 0.64076
78 Akaka Daniel HI D -0.55234   82 Pell Claiborne RI D -0.67456
79 Sarbanes Paul MD D -0.5894   67 Pressler Larry SD R -0.38798
80 Brown Hank CO R -0.6193   26 Pryor David AR D 0.361041
81 Wellstone Paul MN D -0.62667   9 Reid Harry NV D 0.872084
82 Pell Claiborne RI D -0.67456   64 Riegle Donald MI D -0.36653
83 Smith Bob NH R -0.68703   27 Robb Chuck VA D 0.346391
84 Mikulski Barbara MD D -0.72398   57 Rockefeller Jay WV D -0.20058
85 Coats Dan IN R -0.73752   58 Roth Bill DE R -0.20644
86 Lautenberg Frank NJ D -0.80289   79 Sarbanes Paul MD D -0.5894
87 Kerry John MA D -0.80564   73 Sasser Jim TN D -0.49818
88 Mathews Harlan TN D -0.82511   1 Shelby Richard AL D 1.878779
89 Wofford Harris PA D -0.83298   56 Simon Paul IL D -0.19226
90 Nickles Don OK R -0.86991   69 Simpson Alan WY R -0.4273
91 Wallop Malcolm WY R -1.01114   83 Smith Bob NH R -0.68703
92 Feingold Russ WI D -1.0461   51 Specter Arlen PA R -0.10886
93 Boxer Barbara CA D -1.08552   70 Stevens Ted AK R -0.43319
94 Gregg Judd NH R -1.2084   75 Thurmond Strom SC R -0.52181
95 Helms Jesse NC R -1.3333   91 Wallop Malcolm WY R -1.01114
96 Gramm Phil TX R -1.36967   10 Warner John VA R 0.704715
97 Byrd Robert WV D -1.39783   81 Wellstone Paul MN D -0.62667
98 Coverdell Paul GA R -1.54537   89 Wofford Harris PA D -0.83298
GovTrack data was used in the production of these scores.
                         
Notes:
                         
Senators who served fewer than 10 months are excluded (Lloyd Bentsen, D-TX; Bob Krueger, D-TX; Jim Inhofe, R-OK; Fred Thompson, R-TN).
                         
Majority Leader George Mitchell (D-ME) and Minority Leader Bob Dole (R-KS) are excluded.

FAQs

                       

The Bipartisan Index - Frequently Asked Questions

Who is the author of the Bipartisan Index?

The Bipartisan Index is a joint project of The Lugar Center and the McCourt School of Public Policy at Georgetown University.

What does the Bipartisan Index measure?

In the most general terms, the Bipartisan Index measures: 1) the frequency with which a member of Congress sponsors bills that are co-sponsored by at least one member of the opposing party; and 2) the frequency with which a member co-sponsors bills introduced by members of the opposite Party.  These two components contribute equally to a member’s overall score.  On the sponsorship side of the formula, members also derive some credit for sponsoring bills with greater numbers of bipartisan co-sponsors.

Why did you create the Bipartisan Index?

There are innumerable studies, rankings, and indexes that grade members according to a partisan, parochial, or special-interest standard.  There also are vote studies that rank members from most conservative to most liberal.  We sought to develop an objective measure of Congress’ activity that would focus on bipartisanship, rather than where members sit on an ideological spectrum.  We start from the premise that bipartisanship is not centrism.  Members at the opposite ends of the political spectrum can function in a bipartisan manner if they recognize the importance of building a consensus for their ideas and if they are open to at least considering the proposals of the other party. 

Why does your Index focus on bill sponsorships and co-sponsorships?

First, they allow for a highly objective measure of a member’s proclivities for working across the aisle.  Second, sponsorships and co-sponsorships are carefully considered decisions that stake out long-term positions.   As such, they are less affected by short-term context and are especially reflective of a member’s thinking. Decisions on many votes, for example, are affected by procedural context.  Vote studies generally rely on some degree of subjective analysis.  That being said, we welcome studies of cross-party interaction and bipartisanship that focus on votes or other measures.

How should we interpret the actual number score of each Member?

Majority and minority members are compared to the average score of their respective groups over a 20-year baseline period that includes the 103rd through the 112th Congress (1993-2012).  A positive score (a score above 0.00) indicates that a member has scored better on the Bipartisan Index formula than the average score for members of their respective group during that 20-year baseline period.  A negative score indicates that a member falls below the average of their group for the 20-year baseline period.  Scores above 1.0 are outstanding.  Scores above .5 are very good.  Conversely, scores below -.5 are poor.  Scores below -1.0 are very poor.

Why does the Bipartisan Index compare minority members to a historical standard for minority members and majority members to a historical standard of majority members, rather than just comparing how many bipartisan co-sponsorships and sponsorships each member has, regardless of their majority and minority status?

Members of the majority and minority behave differently with regard to sponsoring and co-sponsoring bills.  This is true historically, regardless of which party is in the majority.  Minority members are more likely to be co-sponsors of the other party’s bills because of the majority’s role in proposing legislation and chairing Committees. To overcome this bias and to establish a useful historical baseline, members are compared to the performance of members in similar circumstances to their own over a lengthy period of time.

What is your source of data?

Our raw data comes from GovTrack, which we recommend to anyone who wants to study or follow Congress closely.

Are all bills included in the Index?  Does the Index select some legislation and exclude others?

The Bipartisan Index does not subjectively select bills to “grade.”  There is no weighting of bills.  However, the Index is focused on measuring actions related to substantive legislation.  Therefore, it includes only “S” bills and “HR” bills.  It does not include resolutions.   Through a computer program, we also eliminate private relief bills, commemorative coin bills and post office naming bills even though they have the “S” and “HR” designations.

Are all members given individual scores?

Almost all.  We exclude a small number of members who fit into one of three categories.  First, we exclude members who have served partial terms of less than 10 months of a full Congress (or less than six months if scores are for a single year, such as 2015), because they often do not have a sufficiently large body of legislative work to offer a valid comparison.  Second, we do not score the Speaker and Minority Leader of the House or the Majority and Minority Leaders of the Senate, because their roles in the legislative process impose on them different sponsorship and co-sponsorship practices than other members.  We believe that their level of bipartisanship should be judged by other criteria.  Third, beginning with the 113th Congress, we exclude members who have sponsored fewer than three qualifying bills over the course of a full Congress.  This exclusion applies primarily to the House of Representatives, because it is rare for a Senator serving more than 10 months of a Congress to sponsor fewer than three bills.

Are Bipartisan Index scores in one chamber affected by what happens in the other chamber?

No.  Senate members are compared to the 20-year historical average of the Senate.  House members are compared to the 20-year historical average of the House.  The House and the Senate are different institutions with different rules and practices that affect sponsorship and co-sponsorship activity.  Although the Bipartisan Index formula is the same for both houses, the data is entirely segregated. House scores are not changed by what happens in the Senate and Senate scores are not moved by actions in the House.  It is possible for trend lines in the two chambers to go in opposite directions over time.

Are single year scores, such as those from 2015, comparable to scores covering a full Congress?

They are not perfectly equivalent.  We consider scores for the first year of a Congress, such as 2015, to be “interim” scores.  They offer a valid comparison between members who served that year.  Bipartisan Index scores for the first year of a Congress, however, tend to be slightly lower than those achieved during a full Congress.  Primarily this is because two of the Index metrics (total bipartisan co-sponsorships and total bipartisan sponsorships) improve with any additions during the second year of a Congress.   Those metrics can only decline in the rare cases where members withdraw support for a bill they have sponsored or co-sponsored.  Of course, a Member’s score can decline in the second year of a Congress if his or her percentage-based metrics decline.  See Methodology for an explanation of Index metrics.

Can a member who scores poorly on the Bipartisan Index be considered bipartisan?

A member of Congress may make the argument that he or she expresses their bipartisanship in other ways, such as maintaining their civility in debate, cooperating on Committee hearings and initiatives, or even voting for a significant number of the other party’s proposals. But a very negative score on the Bipartisan Index indicates that a member is giving little thought to working with the other party when he or she introduces bills and makes co-sponsorship decisions.  These are fundamental legislative indicators.

What do you hope to achieve?

First, we want to give the public an objective tool with which they can measure how frequently their members of Congress are cooperating with the other party on matters of policy.  Second, we hope to incentivize members of Congress to be more bipartisan when they write bills and make co-sponsorship decisions.  We hope that they will work to improve their scores by involving members of the other party when they write bills and by having an open mind toward the bills introduced by the other party.  

Methodology

           

Overview of The Lugar Center-McCourt School Bipartisan Index

The Lugar Center-McCourt School Bipartisan Index is a means of quantifying congressional members’ bipartisan behavior on the basis of bill sponsorship and co-sponsorship. Our aim in publishing this Index is not to promote a specific legislative agenda, as is the case for many indexes, but solely the promotion of a bipartisan approach to governance. The credibility of the Index is derived from the objectivity of its methodology; Index scores are computed formulaically from publically available data.  The Index requires no subjective assessment of specific legislative items.

Index scores are based on two broad, equally weighted categories: Bipartisan Sponsorships and Bipartisan Co-sponsorships. A Bipartisan Sponsorship is defined as the introduction of a bill that attracts cosponsors from the opposing party. Similarly, a Bipartisan Co-sponsorship is the act of a congressional member adding his or her name in support of a bill introduced by a member of the opposing party.

These two categories are subdivided into specific metrics. Bipartisan Co-sponsorship is measured from the total number of Bipartisan Co-sponsorships made by a congressional member and the number of Bipartisan Co-sponsorships as a percentage of all co-sponsorships made by a given member.

Bipartisan Sponsorships are similarly subdivided with the addition of a metric for Bipartisan Intensity, a means of weighting how many bipartisan co-sponsors a bill attracts. The count and percentage of Bipartisan Sponsorships are binary designations, a bill is counted if it has at least one cosponsor from the opposing party otherwise it is not counted. Attracting a single cosponsor from the opposing party is the most important threshold for bipartisanship, but some bills are more bipartisan than others. Bipartisan Intensity rewards members for introducing bills that receive more support from the opposing party, but with diminishing returns.

 A House bill with 20 Bipartisan Co-sponsors is certainly more bipartisan than a bill with only one or two Bipartisan Co-sponsors, but a House bill with 40 Bipartisan Co-sponsors is only marginally more bipartisan than one with 20 such co-sponsors. Recognizing this, Bipartisan Intensity is defined as the base two logarithm of the average number of Bipartisan Co-sponsors a member attracted to their bills that received at least one Bipartisan Co-sponsor. This method allocates a proportional increase in the Bipartisan Intensity metric whenever the average number of Bipartisan Co-sponsors doubles. For example, an average of 1 Bipartisan Co-sponsor would result in a score of 0 for Bipartisan Intensity, an average of 2 Bipartisan Co-sponsors a score of 1, an average of 4 Bipartisan Co-sponsors a score of 2, etc.

Before a weighted average can be applied, the individual metrics must be standardized[1] using an historical reference to make them comparable to each other and to previous Congresses. Specifically, metrics are compared to their average and standard deviation measured over a twenty-year period from the 103rd Congress to the 112th Congress. The time chosen is an arbitrary benchmark from which we can compare performance. Since standardized metrics are evaluated using historical values for average and standard deviation, the average of a given metric across a Congress is not defined as zero, as would be the case if standardization were calculated from average and standard deviation of the current Congress. This, however, is a useful result allowing historical comparisons between entire Congresses. Furthermore, standardization is separated for the minority and majority party. Due to institutional differences between the opportunities available to the majority and minority party, members of Congress currently in the minority party have their metrics standardized by the historical average and standard deviation of the minority party; likewise, members of the majority party are compared to the historical majorities.  Comparing both parties to an average or standard deviation encompassing both parties would systematically favor the minority party. Members of the minority, regardless of party, tend to co-sponsor significantly more bills introduced by the opposite party than the majority. This is because the minority party is less able to influence legislation without going through a member of the majority. Though members of the majority party enjoy higher Bipartisan Sponsorship scores from this fact, the increase is not proportional to the rise in Bipartisan Co-sponsorship scores.

Once metrics are converted into standardized values they become comparable to each other. A congressional member’s overall score is a weighted average of the five standardized metrics. The weighting system heavily favors the percentage of Bipartisan Sponsorships and the percentage of Bipartisan Co-sponsorships a member makes. The emphasis on percentages accounts for the differences in opportunity to sponsor or cosponsor legislation arising from differences in seniority or position as a committee chair or ranking member. Counts of Bipartisan Sponsorships and Co-sponsorships remain a small component of the score, however, to incentivize members to seek out opportunities for bipartisan cooperation.

Bills, but not resolutions, are included in the analysis. Additionally, narrow exclusions are applied to remove private bills and those that are purely commemorative from the analysis, such as bills that name Post Offices or create commemorative coins.  To ensure that these exclusions are applied fairly and consistently, they are removed via a computer program based on explicit criteria.  These exclusions are necessary as bills of commemorative nature typically attract a level of bipartisan support that is not comparable to typical legislation. While commemoration of events and individuals is an important function of Congress such actions do not represent the prioritization of problem solving and governance that the Index hopes to promote.

Though several steps are taken to ensure the Bipartisan Index presents a fair and informative narrative of bipartisanship, the Index at its core is quite simple. Members of Congress can increase their score either by actively seeking out agreeable ideas proposed by the opposite party or by drafting legislation that is likely to attract members of the other party. The Index rewards those who prioritize governance over posturing and aims to encourage members of Congress to seek areas of consensus as opposed to simply using legislation to delineate differences.


[1] Note: The Index makes no assumption of normality when standardizing the data. In fact, it is known that these metrics exhibit a positive skew.

Schematic of The Lugar Center-McCourt School Bipartisan Index

Statistics

Below are statistics for the Lifetime Senate Scores (103rd-113th Congresses). Read the related blog "Bipartisan Index Scores Show Growth of Partisan Culture in Senate."

Ten Highest Bipartisan Index Scores for a Single Congress:
  1. Gordon Smith 110th 2.718033
  2. Olympia Snowe 111th  2.637516
  3. Lincoln Chafee  109th 2.60232
  4. Susan Collins 108th 2.352347
  5. Lincoln Chafee 107th 2.160978
  6. Gordon Smith 109th 2.122527
  7. Lincoln Chafee 108th 2.120901
  8. Susan Collins 113th  2.116206
  9. Richard Lugar  111th 2.102551
  10. Olympia Snowe 112th 2.081488
Ten Lowest Bipartisan Scores for a Single Congress:
  1. Jim DeMint  112th  -2.09564
  2. Jim DeMint 110th  -2.03566
  3. Dan Coats 112th  -2.00828
  4. Ron Johnson 112th -2.00491
  5. Rand Paul  112th  -1.90618
  6. Paul Coverdell  104th  -1.86891
  7. Jim DeMint  111th  -1.84915
  8. Mike Lee  112th  -1.81647
  9. Tim Scott  113th  -1.7426
  10. Bernie Sanders  112th  -1.71773
Party Distribution of Top 25 Lifetime Senate Scores:
  • 14 Republicans
  • 10 Democrats
  • 1 Party Switcher
Party Distribution of Top 50 Lifetime Senate Scores:
  • 24 Republicans
  • 23 Democrats
  • 3 Party Switchers
Party Distribution of Top 100 Lifetime Senate Scores:
  • 49 Democrats
  • 48 Republicans
  • 3 Party Switchers
Party Distribution of Bottom 25 Lifetime Senate Scores:
  • 15 Republicans
  • 10 Democrats
Party Distribution of Bottom 50 Lifetime Senate Scores:
  • 27 Republicans
  • 23 Democrats
Party Distribution of Bottom 100 Lifetime Senate Scores:
  • 51 Democrats
  • 48 Republicans
  • 1 Party Switcher
Most Congresses with a Bipartisan Index Score in the Senate Top 10:
  • 6 – Susan Collins
  • 6 – Chuck Grassley
  • 6 – Olympia Snowe
  • 5 – Kent Conrad
  • 4 – Lincoln Chafee
  • 4 – Jim Jeffords
  • 3 – John Breaux
  • 3 – John Chafee
  • 3 – Thad Cochran
  • 3 – Pete Domenici
  • 3 – Joe Lieberman
  • 3 – Richard Lugar
  • 3 – Lisa Murkowski
  • 3 – Gordon Smith
Distribution of Senate Lifetime Scores for Those Serving in the 114th Congress:
  • 56 below 0.00
  • 31 above 0.00
  • 13 new senators without a Lifetime Score
Highest Lifetime Scores Among Senators Serving at Least 5 Congresses since 1993:
  1. Susan Collins   1.57281
  2. Olympia Snowe  1.462383
  3. Gordon Smith  1.350191
  4. Chuck Grassley  1.045719
  5. Jim Jeffords  0.941211
Lowest Scores Among Senators Serving at Least 5 Congresses since 1993:
  1. Dan Coats   -1.06718
  2. Bob Menendez   -0.95095
  3. Frank Lautenberg   -0.82345
  4. Jon Kyl   -0.76655
  5. David Vitter   -0.71977
Highest Scores Among Senators Serving at Least 10 Congresses since 1993:
  1. Chuck Grassley   1.045719
  2. Kent Conrad   0.687046
  3. Richard Lugar   0.667979
  4. Joe Lieberman   0.662165
  5. Max Baucus   0.619391
Lowest Scores Among Senators Serving at Least 10 Congresses since 1993: 
  1. Jim Inhofe   -0.65883
  2. Barbara Boxer   -0.60727
  3. Richard Shelby   -0.49706
  4. Patty Murray   -0.38386
  5. Dan Inouye   -0.20799
States with All Lifetime Senate Scores Above 0.00:
  • Maine
  • Nevada
  • North Dakota
  • Virginia
States with All Lifetime Senate Scores below 0.00:
  • California
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Michigan
  • New Jersey
  • Wyoming
State with “Highest Lowest” Senate Lifetime Score:
  • Maine - Bill Cohen 0.326475 (all other states had at least one Senator with a lower lifetime score than any Senator from Maine)
State with the “Lowest Highest” Senate Lifetime Score:
  • Wyoming - Mike Enzi -0.14112 (All other states had at least one Senator with a higher lifetime score than any Senator from Wyoming)
States with 2 Senators in the Top 25 of Lifetime Scores:
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Maine
  • Minnesota
  • Oregon
  • Rhode Island
States with 2 Senators in the Bottom 25 of Lifetime Scores:
  • South Carolina
  • Wyoming
States with 3 Senators in the Top 50 of Lifetime Scores:
  • Georgia
  • Maine
  • Nebraska
States with at Least 3 Senators in the Bottom 50 of Lifetime Scores:
  • New Jersey (4)
  • Texas (3)

Press

Read press coverage about the Bipartisan Index. Click here to return to the Bipartisan Index homepage.

114th Congress First Session (2015) Bipartisan Index Scores (March 7, 2016)
Lifetime Bipartisan Index Senate Scores (December 15, 2015):
Bipartisan Index Launch (May 19, 2015)